Florida Senate - 2013 SB 592 By Senator Galvano 26-00651-13 2013592__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to garnishment; amending s. 77.041, 3 F.S.; revising “Notice to Defendant” provided by clerk 4 of court in a garnishment proceeding; providing that a 5 defendant in a garnishment proceeding may provide 6 notice of a garnishment exemption to plaintiff or 7 garnishee’s attorney; extending time for plaintiff to 8 respond to defendant’s claim of exemption and request 9 for hearing; requiring defendant to certify under oath 10 and penalty of perjury that he or she provided notice 11 of exemption claim and request for hearing to 12 plaintiff, garnishee, or their respective attorneys; 13 repealing s. 222.12, F.S., relating to proceedings for 14 exemption; providing an effective date. 15 16 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 17 18 Section 1. Subsections (1) and (3) of section 77.041, 19 Florida Statutes, are amended to read: 20 77.041 Notice to individual defendant for claim of 21 exemption from garnishment; procedure for hearing.— 22 (1) Upon application for a writ of garnishment by a 23 plaintiff, if the defendant is an individual, the clerk of the 24 court shall attach to the writ the following “Notice to 25 Defendant”: 26 27 NOTICE TO DEFENDANT OF RIGHT AGAINST 28 GARNISHMENT OF WAGES, MONEY, 29 AND OTHER PROPERTY 30 31 The Writ of Garnishment delivered to you with this Notice 32 means that wages, money, and other property belonging to you 33 have been garnished to pay a court judgment against you. 34 HOWEVER, YOU MAY BE ABLE TO KEEP OR RECOVER YOUR WAGES, MONEY, 35 OR PROPERTY. READ THIS NOTICE CAREFULLY. 36 State and federal laws provide that certain wages, money, 37 and property, even if deposited in a bank, savings and loan, or 38 credit union, may not be taken to pay certain types of court 39 judgments. Such wages, money, and property are exempt from 40 garnishment. The major exemptions are listed below on the form 41 for Claim of Exemption and Request for Hearing. This list does 42 not include all possible exemptions. You should consult a lawyer 43 for specific advice. 44 IF AN EXEMPTION FROM GARNISHMENT APPLIES TO YOU AND 45 YOU WANT TO KEEP YOUR WAGES, MONEY, AND OTHER PROPERTY 46 FROM BEING GARNISHED, OR TO RECOVER
GET BACKANYTHING 47 ALREADY TAKEN, YOU MUST COMPLETE A FORM FOR CLAIM OF 48 EXEMPTION AND REQUEST FOR HEARING AS SET FORTH BELOW 49 AND HAVE THE FORM NOTARIZED. IF YOU HAVE A VALID 50 EXEMPTION, YOU MUST FILE THE FORM WITH THE CLERK’S 51 OFFICE WITHIN 20 DAYS AFTER THE DATE YOU RECEIVE THIS 52 NOTICE OR YOU MAY LOSE IMPORTANT RIGHTS. YOU MUST ALSO 53 MAIL OR DELIVER A COPY OF THIS FORM TO THE PLAINTIFF 54 AND THE GARNISHEE OR THEIR RESPECTIVE ATTORNEYS AT THE 55 ADDRESSES LISTED ON THE WRIT OF GARNISHMENT. NOTE THAT 56 THE FORM REQUIRES YOU TO COMPLETE A CERTIFICATION THAT 57 YOU MAILED OR HAND DELIVERED COPIES TO THE PLAINTIFF 58 AND GARNISHEE OR THEIR RESPECTIVE ATTORNEYS. 59 If you request a hearing, it will be held as soon as 60 possible after your request is received by the court. The 61 plaintiff must file any objection within 8 3business days if 62 you hand delivered to the plaintiff a copy of the form for Claim 63 of Exemption and Request for Hearing or, alternatively, 14 864 business days if you mailed a copy of the form for claim and 65 request to the plaintiff. If the plaintiff files an objection to 66 your Claim of Exemption and Request for Hearing, the clerk will 67 notify you and the other parties of the time and date of the 68 hearing. You may attend the hearing with or without an attorney. 69 If the plaintiff fails to file an objection, no hearing is 70 required, the writ of garnishment will be dissolved and your 71 wages, money, or property will be released. 72 IF YOU HAVE A VALID EXEMPTION, YOU SHOULD FILE THE 73 FORM FOR CLAIM OF EXEMPTION IMMEDIATELY TO KEEP YOUR 74 WAGES, MONEY, OR PROPERTY FROM BEING APPLIED TO THE 75 COURT JUDGMENT. THE CLERK CANNOT GIVE YOU LEGAL 76 ADVICE. IF YOU NEED LEGAL ASSISTANCE YOU SHOULD SEE A 77 LAWYER. IF YOU CANNOT AFFORD A PRIVATE LAWYER, LEGAL 78 SERVICES MAY BE AVAILABLE. CONTACT YOUR LOCAL BAR 79 ASSOCIATION OR ASK THE CLERK’S OFFICE ABOUT ANY LEGAL 80 SERVICES PROGRAM IN YOUR AREA. 81 82 CLAIM OF EXEMPTION AND 83 REQUEST FOR HEARING 84 85 I claim exemptions from garnishment under the following 86 categories as checked: 87 .... 1. Head of family wages. (Check either You must checka. or b. below, if one applies to you.) 88 .... a. I provide more than one-half of the support for a child or other dependent and have net earnings of $750 or less per week. 89 .... b. I provide more than one-half of the support for a child or other dependent, have net earnings of more than $750 per week, but have not agreed in writing to have my wages garnished. 90 .... 2. Social Security benefits. 91 .... 3. Supplemental Security Income benefits. 92 .... 4. Public assistance (welfare). 93 .... 5. Workers’ Compensation. 94 .... 6. Reemployment assistance or unemployment compensation. 95 .... 7. Veterans’ benefits. 96 .... 8. Retirement or profit-sharing benefits or pension money. 97 .... 9. Life insurance benefits or cash surrender value of a life insurance policy or proceeds of annuity contract. 98 .... 10. Disability income benefits. 99 .... 11. Prepaid College Trust Fund or Medical Savings Account. 100 .... 12. Other exemptions as provided by law.....................(explain) 101 102 I request a hearing to decide the validity of my claim. Notice 103 of the hearing should be given to me at: 104 105 Address: ................................ 106 Telephone number:........................ 107 108 I CERTIFY UNDER OATH AND PENALTY OF PERJURY that a copy of this 109 claim of exemption and request for hearing has been furnished by 110 □ U.S. mail or □ hand delivery on ...(insert date)..., to: 111 ...(insert names and addresses of plaintiff or plaintiff’s 112 attorney and of garnishee or garnishee’s attorney to whom a copy 113 of this document was mailed or hand delivered.... 114 115 I FURTHER CERTIFY UNDER OATH AND PENALTY OF PERJURY that the 116 statements made in this request are true to the best of my 117 knowledge and belief. 118 119 ................................ 120 Defendant’s signature 121 Date................................ 122 123 STATE OF FLORIDA 124 COUNTY OF 125 126 Sworn and subscribed to before me this ........ day of ...(month 127 and year)..., by ...(name of person making statement)... 128 Notary Public/Deputy Clerk 129 Personally Known ........OR Produced Identification.... 130 Type of Identification Produced.................... 131 132 (3) Upon the filing by a defendant of a claim of exemption 133 and request for hearing, a hearing will be held as soon as is 134 practicable to determine the validity of the claimed exemptions. 135 If the plaintiff does not file a sworn written statement that 136 contests the defendant’s claim of exemption within 8 3business 137 days after hand delivering the claim and request or, 138 alternatively, 14 8business days, if the claim and request were 139 served by mail, no hearing is required and the clerk must 140 automatically dissolve the writ and notify the parties of the 141 dissolution by mail. 142 Section 2. Section 222.12, Florida Statutes, is repealed. 143 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2013.