Florida Senate - 2015 SM 1228 By Senator Evers 2-01104-15 20151228__ 1 Senate Memorial 2 A memorial to the Congress of the United States, 3 urging Congress to direct the United States 4 Environmental Protection Agency to revise the proposed 5 regulations that address carbon dioxide emissions from 6 existing fossil fuel-fired electric generating units. 7 8 WHEREAS, a reliable and affordable electricity supply is 9 vital to the nation’s and each state’s economic growth, jobs, 10 and the overall well-being of its citizens, and 11 WHEREAS, under each state’s sovereignty and under the 12 protections of the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution, each 13 state has the exclusive authority to regulate the provision of 14 electricity to ensure a reliable and affordable supply of 15 electricity for its citizens, and 16 WHEREAS, environmental regulations should be based on sound 17 science and a transparent and comprehensive program that 18 addresses environmental issues, the nation’s broader economic 19 prosperity, and the long-term energy affordability for citizens, 20 and 21 WHEREAS, the regulation of retail sales and local 22 distribution of electricity is a function of sovereign states 23 which federal agencies have a legal obligation to respect and 24 preserve, and 25 WHEREAS, on June 25, 2013, the President issued a 26 memorandum to the Administrator of the United States 27 Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) directing the EPA to 28 develop guidelines to control greenhouse gas emissions from 29 existing fossil fuel-fired power plants under s. 111(d) of the 30 Clean Air Act and to seek input from the states, and 31 WHEREAS, on June 2, 2014, pursuant to s. 111(d) of the 32 Clean Air Act, the EPA issued proposed guidelines limiting 33 carbon dioxide emissions from existing fossil fuel-fired 34 electric generating units (EGUs) and published the guidelines 35 for comment in the Federal Register on June 18, 2014, and 36 WHEREAS, the EPA, by its proposed guidelines, has asserted 37 authority over greenhouse gas emissions to regulate carbon 38 dioxide performance standards for existing fossil fuel-fired 39 EGUs despite the fact those plants are already regulated under 40 the air toxics program under s. 112 of the Clean Air Act, and 41 WHEREAS, the Clean Air Act does not authorize the EPA to 42 regulate emissions beyond the physical boundaries of an 43 individual EGU and therefore the agency cannot mandate that EGUs 44 reduce demand for electricity by customers and cannot require 45 EGUs to increase their reliance on natural gas or on renewable 46 energy sources, activities which are exclusively within the 47 police powers of the state, and 48 WHEREAS, the proposed regulations are based on the EPA’s 49 assessment of each state’s ability to improve the efficiency of 50 the existing fossil fuel-fired EGUs, operate differently or 51 retire existing coal-fired EGUs, substantially increase the 52 generation of electricity from natural gas, significantly 53 increase reliance on renewable energy sources, and substantially 54 reduce the use of electricity by consumers, all in a plan and on 55 a schedule that are neither achievable nor workable, and 56 WHEREAS, the Attorney General, the Public Service 57 Commission, and the Department of Environmental Protection have 58 sent comments to the EPA expressing concerns about 59 implementation of the proposed regulations, and 60 WHEREAS, the proposed guidelines, if enacted, would 61 effectively amount to a federal takeover of the electricity 62 generation system of the United States, and 63 WHEREAS, the proposed regulations, by the EPA’s own 64 estimates, have a major impact on the economy of each state and 65 significant consequences for electricity generation, 66 transmission, distribution, and use within this state, NOW, 67 THEREFORE, 68 69 Be It Resolved by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 70 71 That the Congress of the United States is urged to direct 72 the United States Environmental Protection Agency to revise the 73 proposed regulations to: 74 (1) Extend by 1 year the date by which states would be 75 required to submit a state plan to the EPA to provide time to 76 finalize technical work and state legislative and rule making 77 activities. 78 (2) Decrease the proposed interim and final state goals 79 expressed as adjusted output for the weighted average emission 80 rates for all affected EGUs in Florida. 81 (3) Extend by 5 years the interim plan compliance schedule 82 for meeting the proposed state goals for reductions in carbon 83 dioxide emission rates. 84 (4) Extend by 5 years the date by which final goals for 85 carbon dioxide emission rates must be reached. 86 (5) Prohibit retirement of an EGU before the end of its 87 engineering lifetime unless the affected utility has fully 88 recovered the costs of construction and financing of the EGU, 89 the state has sufficient replacement capacity, and the grid 90 reliability is maintained. 91 BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that copies of this memorial be 92 dispatched to the President of the United States, the President 93 of the United States Senate, the Speaker of the United States 94 House of Representatives, the Administrator of the United States 95 Environmental Protection Agency, and each member of the Florida 96 delegation to the United States Congress.