Florida Senate - 2019 SB 540 By Senator Book 32-00086B-19 2019540__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to human trafficking; creating s. 3 509.096, F.S.; requiring the owner or operator of a 4 public lodging establishment to train certain 5 employees and create certain policies relating to 6 human trafficking by a specified date; requiring the 7 Division of Hotels and Restaurants of the Department 8 of Business and Professional Regulation to impose 9 fines on public lodging establishments for failure to 10 comply with such requirements; creating s. 787.08, 11 F.S.; requiring the Department of Children and 12 Families, in consultation with the Department of Law 13 Enforcement and the Attorney General, to establish a 14 certain direct-support organization; providing 15 requirements for the direct-support organization; 16 requiring the direct-support organization to form 17 strategic partnerships and to serve as a liaison with 18 public and private sector partners in funding the 19 provision of inpatient care to victims of human 20 trafficking; requiring the direct-support organization 21 to operate under a written contract with the 22 Department of Children and Families; providing 23 contractual requirements; providing for the membership 24 of and the appointment of directors to the board of 25 the direct-support organization; providing for future 26 review and repeal by the Legislature; amending s. 27 796.07, F.S.; requiring that the criminal history 28 record of a person who is convicted of, or enters a 29 plea of guilty or nolo contendere to, soliciting, 30 inducing, enticing, or procuring another to commit 31 prostitution, lewdness, or assignation be added to the 32 Soliciting for Prostitution Registry; requiring the 33 clerk of the court to forward the criminal history 34 record of such persons to the Department of Law 35 Enforcement for certain purposes; creating s. 36 943.0433, F.S.; requiring the Department of Law 37 Enforcement to create and administer the Soliciting 38 for Prostitution Registry; requiring the department to 39 add certain criminal history records to the registry; 40 requiring the department to adopt rules; amending s. 41 943.0583, F.S.; creating an exception to a prohibition 42 that bars certain victims of human trafficking from 43 petitioning for the expunction of a criminal history 44 record for offenses committed while the person was a 45 victim of human trafficking as part of the human 46 trafficking scheme or at the direction of an operator 47 of the scheme; creating s. 943.17297, F.S.; requiring 48 each certified law enforcement officer to successfully 49 complete training on identifying and investigating 50 human trafficking before a certain date; requiring 51 that the training be developed in consultation with 52 specified entities; specifying that an officer’s 53 certification shall be inactive if he or she fails to 54 complete the required training until the employing 55 agency notifies the Criminal Justice Standards and 56 Training Commission that the officer has completed the 57 training; providing an effective date. 58 59 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 60 61 Section 1. Section 509.096, Florida Statutes, is created to 62 read: 63 509.096 Human trafficking awareness training and policies 64 for employees of public lodging establishment; penalties.— 65 (1) An owner or operator of a public lodging establishment 66 shall do both of the following: 67 (a) Within 30 days after such employees are hired, or by 68 January 1, 2020, whichever occurs later, require managing 69 employees and employees of the establishment who are reasonably 70 expected to routinely interact with guests to complete an 71 educational program designed to effectively train them in the 72 identification, prevention, and reporting of suspected human 73 trafficking. 74 (b) By January 1, 2020, implement an effective employee 75 protocol or employee code of conduct to prevent, detect, and 76 report suspected human trafficking. 77 (2) The division shall impose an administrative fine of up 78 to $1,000 per day on a public lodging establishment for the 79 following violations: 80 (a) The administrative fine must be assessed up to the 81 maximum amount per day for each employee of the public lodging 82 establishment who does not meet the educational program 83 requirements of this section. 84 (b) The administrative fine must be assessed up to the 85 maximum amount per day for each day the public lodging 86 establishment fails to comply with paragraph (1)(b). 87 Section 2. Section 787.08, Florida Statutes, is created to 88 read: 89 787.08 Direct-support organization.— 90 (1) The Department of Children and Families, in 91 consultation with the Department of Law Enforcement and the 92 Attorney General, shall establish a direct-support organization 93 that is: 94 (a) A Florida corporation, not for profit, incorporated 95 under chapter 617 and approved by the Secretary of State. 96 (b) Organized and operated exclusively to solicit funds; 97 request and receive grants, gifts, and bequests of money; 98 acquire, receive, hold, invest, and administer, in its own name, 99 property and funds; and make expenditures in support of the 100 purposes specified in this section. 101 (c) Certified by the department, after review, to be 102 operating in a manner consistent with the purposes of the 103 organization and in the best interests of the state. 104 (2) The direct-support organization shall form strategic 105 partnerships to foster the development of community and private 106 sector resources and shall serve as a liaison with state 107 agencies, other state governments, and the public and private 108 sectors in funding the provision of inpatient care to victims of 109 human trafficking in treatment centers throughout the state. 110 (3) The direct-support organization shall operate under 111 written contract with the Department of Children and Families. 112 The contract must provide for: 113 (a) Approval of the articles of incorporation and bylaws of 114 the direct-support organization by the department. 115 (b) Submission of an annual budget for approval by the 116 department. 117 (c) Annual certification by the department that the direct 118 support organization is complying with the terms of the contract 119 and operating in a manner consistent with the purposes of the 120 organization and in the best interests of the state. 121 (d) Reversion to the Florida Council Against Sexual 122 Violence of moneys and property held in trust by the direct 123 support organization to provide services for victims of sexual 124 violence if the direct-support organization is no longer 125 approved to operate or ceases to exist. 126 (e) Disclosure of the material provisions of the contract 127 and the distinction between the board of directors and the 128 direct-support organization to donors of gifts, contributions, 129 or bequests, which disclosures must be included in all 130 promotional and fundraising publications. 131 (f) An annual financial audit in accordance with s. 132 215.981. 133 (g) Establishment of the fiscal year of the direct-support 134 organization as beginning on July 1 of each year and ending on 135 June 30 of the following year. 136 (h) Appointment of the board of directors, pursuant to this 137 section. 138 (i) Authority of the board of directors of the direct 139 support organization to hire an executive director. 140 (4) The board of directors of the direct-support 141 organization consists of 13 members. Each member of the board of 142 directors must be appointed to a 4-year term; however, for the 143 purpose of providing staggered terms, the Speaker of the House 144 of Representatives and the President of the Senate shall each 145 initially appoint two members to serve a 2-year term, and the 146 executive director of the Department of Law Enforcement and the 147 Attorney General shall each initially appoint one member to 148 serve a 2-year term. All subsequent appointments must be for 4 149 year terms. Any vacancy that occurs must be filled in the same 150 manner as the original appointment for the unexpired term of 151 that seat. The board of directors is appointed as follows: 152 (a) Two members with a law enforcement background who have 153 knowledge in the area of human trafficking, appointed by the 154 executive director of the Department of Law Enforcement. 155 (b) Three members appointed by the Attorney General. 156 (c) Four members appointed by the Speaker of the House of 157 Representatives. 158 (d) Four members appointed by the President of the Senate. 159 (5) This section is repealed October 1, 2024, unless 160 reviewed and saved from repeal by the Legislature. 161 Section 3. Subsection (5) of section 796.07, Florida 162 Statutes, is amended, and subsection (2) of that section is 163 republished, to read: 164 796.07 Prohibiting prostitution and related acts.— 165 (2) It is unlawful: 166 (a) To own, establish, maintain, or operate any place, 167 structure, building, or conveyance for the purpose of lewdness, 168 assignation, or prostitution. 169 (b) To offer, or to offer or agree to secure, another for 170 the purpose of prostitution or for any other lewd or indecent 171 act. 172 (c) To receive, or to offer or agree to receive, any person 173 into any place, structure, building, or conveyance for the 174 purpose of prostitution, lewdness, or assignation, or to permit 175 any person to remain there for such purpose. 176 (d) To direct, take, or transport, or to offer or agree to 177 direct, take, or transport, any person to any place, structure, 178 or building, or to any other person, with knowledge or 179 reasonable cause to believe that the purpose of such directing, 180 taking, or transporting is prostitution, lewdness, or 181 assignation. 182 (e) For a person 18 years of age or older to offer to 183 commit, or to commit, or to engage in, prostitution, lewdness, 184 or assignation. 185 (f) To solicit, induce, entice, or procure another to 186 commit prostitution, lewdness, or assignation. 187 (g) To reside in, enter, or remain in, any place, 188 structure, or building, or to enter or remain in any conveyance, 189 for the purpose of prostitution, lewdness, or assignation. 190 (h) To aid, abet, or participate in any of the acts or 191 things enumerated in this subsection. 192 (i) To purchase the services of any person engaged in 193 prostitution. 194 (5)(a) A person who violates paragraph (2)(f) commits: 195 1. A misdemeanor of the first degree for a first violation, 196 punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. 197 2. A felony of the third degree for a second violation, 198 punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. 199 3. A felony of the second degree for a third or subsequent 200 violation, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or 201 s. 775.084. 202 (b) In addition to any other penalty imposed, the court 203 shall order a person convicted of a violation of paragraph 204 (2)(f) to: 205 1. Perform 100 hours of community service; and 206 2. Pay for and attend an educational program about the 207 negative effects of prostitution and human trafficking, such as 208 a sexual violence prevention education program, including such 209 programs offered by faith-based providers, if such programs 210 exist in the judicial circuit in which the offender is 211 sentenced. 212 (c) In addition to any other penalty imposed, the court 213 shall sentence a person convicted of a second or subsequent 214 violation of paragraph (2)(f) to a minimum mandatory period of 215 incarceration of 10 days. 216 (d)1. If a person who violates paragraph (2)(f) uses a 217 vehicle in the course of the violation, the judge, upon the 218 person’s conviction, may issue an order for the impoundment or 219 immobilization of the vehicle for a period of up to 60 days. The 220 order of impoundment or immobilization must include the names 221 and telephone numbers of all immobilization agencies meeting all 222 of the conditions of s. 316.193(13). Within 7 business days 223 after the date that the court issues the order of impoundment or 224 immobilization, the clerk of the court must send notice by 225 certified mail, return receipt requested, to the registered 226 owner of the vehicle, if the registered owner is a person other 227 than the defendant, and to each person of record claiming a lien 228 against the vehicle. 229 2. The owner of the vehicle may request the court to 230 dismiss the order. The court must dismiss the order, and the 231 owner of the vehicle will incur no costs, if the owner of the 232 vehicle alleges and the court finds to be true any of the 233 following: 234 a. The owner’s family has no other private or public means 235 of transportation; 236 b. The vehicle was stolen at the time of the offense; 237 c. The owner purchased the vehicle after the offense was 238 committed, and the sale was not made to circumvent the order and 239 allow the defendant continued access to the vehicle; or 240 d. The vehicle is owned by the defendant but is operated 241 solely by employees of the defendant or employees of a business 242 owned by the defendant. 243 3. If the court denies the request to dismiss the order, 244 the petitioner may request an evidentiary hearing. If, at the 245 evidentiary hearing, the court finds to be true any of the 246 circumstances described in sub-subparagraphs (d)2.a.-d., the 247 court must dismiss the order and the owner of the vehicle will 248 incur no costs. 249 (e) The criminal history record of a person who violates 250 paragraph (2)(f) and is found guilty as a result of a trial or 251 enters a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, regardless of 252 whether adjudication is withheld, must be added to the 253 Soliciting for Prostitution Registry. Upon the person’s 254 conviction, the clerk of the court shall forward the criminal 255 history record of the convicted person to the Department of Law 256 Enforcement for inclusion in the Soliciting for Prostitution 257 Registry. 258 Section 4. Section 943.0433, Florida Statutes, is created 259 to read: 260 943.0433 Soliciting for Prostitution Registry.— 261 (1) The department shall create and administer the 262 Soliciting for Prostitution Registry. The clerk of the court 263 shall forward to the department the criminal history record of a 264 person in accordance with s. 796.07(5)(e), and the department 265 must add the criminal history record to the registry. 266 (2) The department shall adopt rules to administer this 267 section. 268 Section 5. Subsection (3) of section 943.0583, Florida 269 Statutes, is amended to read: 270 943.0583 Human trafficking victim expunction.— 271 (3) A person who is a victim of human trafficking may 272 petition for the expunction of a criminal history record 273 resulting from the arrest or filing of charges for an offense 274 committed or reported to have been committed while the person 275 was a victim of human trafficking, which offense was committed 276 or reported to have been committed as a part of the human 277 trafficking scheme of which the person was a victim or at the 278 direction of an operator of the scheme, including, but not 279 limited to, violations under chapters 796 and 847, without 280 regard to the disposition of the arrest or of any charges. 281 However, this section does not apply to any offense listed in s. 282 775.084(1)(b)1., except for kidnapping. Determination of the 283 petition under this section should be by a preponderance of the 284 evidence. A conviction expunged under this section is deemed to 285 have been vacated due to a substantive defect in the underlying 286 criminal proceedings. If a person is adjudicated not guilty by 287 reason of insanity or is found to be incompetent to stand trial 288 for any such charge, the expunction of the criminal history 289 record may not prevent the entry of the judgment or finding in 290 state and national databases for use in determining eligibility 291 to purchase or possess a firearm or to carry a concealed 292 firearm, as authorized in s. 790.065(2)(a)4.c. and 18 U.S.C. s. 293 922(t), nor shall it prevent any governmental agency that is 294 authorized by state or federal law to determine eligibility to 295 purchase or possess a firearm or to carry a concealed firearm 296 from accessing or using the record of the judgment or finding in 297 the course of such agency’s official duties. 298 Section 6. Section 943.17297, Florida Statutes, is created 299 to read: 300 943.17297 Training in identifying and investigating human 301 trafficking.—Each certified law enforcement officer must 302 successfully complete training on identifying and investigating 303 human trafficking as a part of the basic recruit training of the 304 officer required in s. 943.13(9) or continuing education under 305 s. 943.135(1) before July 1, 2022. The training must be 306 developed in consultation with the Department of Children and 307 Families and the Statewide Council on Human Trafficking. If an 308 officer fails to complete the required training, his or her 309 certification shall be inactive until the employing agency 310 notifies the commission that the officer has completed the 311 training. 312 Section 7. This act shall take effect July 1, 2019.