HR 9017

House Resolution
2A resolution honoring Puerto Rico's 65th Infantry
3Regiment, "The Borinqueneers," for their bravery,
4patriotism, and sacrifice in defending our nation as part
5of the United States Armed Forces.
7     WHEREAS, Puerto Ricans have participated in every major
8American military conflict, from the American Revolution, when
9volunteers from Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Mexico fought the British
10in 1779 under the command of General Bernardo de Gálvez, to the
11current military operations in Iraq, and
12     WHEREAS, however, it was the 65th Infantry Regiment, a
13volunteer regiment created in 1899, comprised primarily of
14Puerto Ricans and nicknamed "The Borinqueneers," that engaged in
15extensive combat and distinguished itself and the contributions
16of Puerto Rican soldiers to the defense of the United States
17most notably, and
18     WHEREAS, the 65th Infantry Regiment was created on March 2,
191899, as the Puerto Rico Battalion of Volunteer Infantry to
20assist in reestablishing law and order in Puerto Rico following
21the seizure of the island in 1898 during the Spanish-American
22War, and
23     WHEREAS, the battalion proved so successful that the
24following year it was expanded into the Puerto Rico Regiment of
25U.S. Volunteers and in 1901 became the Puerto Rico Provisional
26Regiment of Infantry, and
27     WHEREAS, on June 30, 1908, the regiment became part of the
28regular Army and was renamed the Puerto Rico Regiment of the
29United States Army, and
30     WHEREAS, in World War I, 1,969 Puerto Rican troops
31voluntarily enlisted in military service and, one year later,
32were sent to Panama in defense of the Panama Canal Zone, and
33     WHEREAS, during World War II, the 65th Infantry Regiment
34landed in Italy and France and served in various capacities
35across Europe, from engaging in anti-sabotage and security
36missions in Germany to fighting in the Battles of Naples-Fogis,
37Rome-Arno, Central Europe, and the Rhineland, and
38     WHEREAS, during the Korean War, the 65th Infantry Regiment,
39a force of 6,000 troops by that time, was organized into three
40infantry battalions, one artillery battalion, and a tank company
41and attached to the Army's 3rd Division, and
42     WHEREAS, it was during the long sea voyage to Korea that
43the men nicknamed the 65th Infantry Regiment "The
44Borinqueneers," and
45     WHEREAS, A total of 61,000 Puerto Rican soldiers served in
46Korea, most of them volunteers, with approximately 750 Puerto
47Ricans from all four branches of the United States Armed Forces
48losing their lives in the Korean War, and
49     WHEREAS, among the men of the 65th Infantry Regiment
50serving in Korea, nine were awarded the Distinguished Service
51Cross, 163 were awarded Silver Star Medals, and 562 were awarded
52Bronze Star Medals, and
53     WHEREAS, as a unit, the 65th Infantry Regiment twice
54received the Presidential Unit Citation, the Republic of Korea
55Presidential Unit Citation, and the Meritorious Unit
56Commendation, and
57     WHEREAS, following the Korean War, the 65th Infantry
58Regiment returned to Puerto Rico and was deactivated in 1956,
60     WHEREAS, following its deactivation, the Department of the
61Army transferred the 65th Infantry Regiment from the regular
62Army to the Puerto Rico National Guard, thus making the 65th
63Infantry Regiment the only unit ever transferred as an active
64component of the United States Army to the National Guard, and
65     WHEREAS, Puerto Rico honored the 65th Infantry Regiment by
66naming one of its principal avenues "La 65 de Infanteria" in San
67Juan, Puerto Rico, and
68     WHEREAS, On May 20, 2001, the government of Puerto Rico
69unveiled a monument honoring the 65th Infantry Regiment which
70contains a statue of a soldier wearing a poncho with his rifle
71in one hand and the regiment's flag in the other hand, and
72     WHEREAS, On February 12, 1951, General Douglas MacArthur,
73was quoted in Tokyo as saying "The Puerto Ricans forming the
74ranks of the gallant 65th Infantry on the battlefields of Korea
75. . . are writing a brilliant record of achievement in battle
76and I am proud indeed to have them in this command. I wish that
77we might have many more like them," NOW, THEREFORE,
79Be It Resolved by the House of Representatives of the State of
82     That Puerto Rico's 65th Infantry Regiment, "The
83Borinqueneers," is hereby honored for the bravery, patriotism,
84and sacrifice of its members in defending our nation as part of
85the United States Armed Forces.
86     BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a copy of this resolution be
87transmitted to Governor Anibal Acevedo-Vila, Governor of the
88Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and to the Senate and the House of
89Representatives of the Legislative Assembly of the Commonwealth
90of Puerto Rico as a tangible token of the sentiments expressed

CODING: Words stricken are deletions; words underlined are additions.