Florida Senate - 2012 CS for CS for SB 996 By the Committees on Criminal Justice; and Judiciary; and Senator Dean 591-03788-12 2012996c2 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to property fraud; creating s. 3 817.535, F.S.; prohibiting a person, with intent to 4 defraud another, from filing or causing to be filed a 5 document relating to the ownership, transfer, or 6 encumbrance of or claim against real or personal 7 property, or any interest in real or personal 8 property, which the person knows contains a material 9 misstatement, misrepresentation, or omission of fact; 10 providing criminal penalties; providing that a person 11 who fraudulently records a construction lien is 12 subject to specified fraud provisions; providing an 13 effective date. 14 15 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 16 17 Section 1. Section 817.535, Florida Statutes, is created to 18 read: 19 817.535 Fraudulent creation of interest in real or personal 20 property.— 21 (1) A person may not, with the intent to defraud another, 22 file or cause to be filed for recording in the official records 23 a document relating to real or personal property which the 24 person knows to contain a material misstatement, 25 misrepresentation, or omission of fact. The filed document may 26 include, but is not limited to, a deed, lease, bill of sale, 27 agreement, mortgage, notice of claim of lien, notice of levy, 28 promissory note, mortgage note, or any other instrument that 29 relates to the ownership, transfer, or encumbrance of or claim 30 against real or personal property or any interest in real or 31 personal property. 32 (2) A person who violates subsection (1) commits the 33 offense of fraudulent creation of an interest in real or 34 personal property, a felony of the third degree, punishable as 35 provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. 36 (3) A person who fraudulently records a claim of lien in 37 the official records pursuant to part I of chapter 713 is 38 subject to the fraud provisions of s. 713.31 and not this 39 section. 40 Section 2. This act shall take effect October 1, 2012.