Florida Senate - 2013 SB 1098
By Senator Richter
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to general assignments; amending s.
3 727.103, F.S.; defining the term “negative notice”;
4 amending s. 727.104, F.S.; requiring an assignee’s
5 bond to be in at least a specific amount or double the
6 liquidation value of the unencumbered and liquid
7 assets of the estate, whichever is higher; amending s.
8 727.108, F.S.; authorizing an assignee to conduct
9 certain discovery to determine whether to prosecute
10 certain claims or causes of action; extending the time
11 period an assignee may conduct the business of the
12 assignor; authorizing the assignee to continue
13 conducting the business of the assignor under certain
14 circumstances by serving negative notice; amending s.
15 727.109, F.S.; extending the time period for which a
16 court may authorize an assignee to conduct the
17 business of the assignor; amending s. 727.110, F.S.;
18 providing procedures for an assignee’s rejection of an
19 unexpired lease of nonresidential real property or of
20 personal property; requiring the assignee to serve a
21 notice of rejection on certain persons and file it
22 with the court; requiring that a notice of rejection
23 for personal property include certain information
24 about the affected property; specifying the effective
25 date of the rejection; requiring the estate’s rights
26 and obligations to and liability for the affected
27 property to terminate under certain circumstances;
28 amending s. 727.111, F.S.; extending the minimum time
29 period for giving notice to the assignor and
30 creditors; conforming language; providing a procedure
31 for serving notice on certain persons; requiring an
32 objection to be filed and served within a specific
33 time period; requiring the notice to be in a specified
34 form; providing that the assignee may take certain
35 actions if an objection is not filed; requiring the
36 court to hear a filed objection; authorizing the court
37 to shorten negative notice under certain
38 circumstances; providing that a party may raise the
39 shortened notice period in certain objections;
40 requiring a certificate of service for negative notice
41 to be filed with the court under certain
42 circumstances; requiring negative notice to be given
43 to certain persons under certain circumstances;
44 amending s. 727.113, F.S.; providing procedures for
45 serving an objection to a claim; providing that the
46 Florida Rules of Civil Procedure apply to objections
47 to claims in all pending cases beginning on a specific
48 date; creating s. 727.117, F.S.; requiring an
49 assignee’s deed to be in a specific form; providing an
50 effective date.
52 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
54 Section 1. Present subsection (13) of section 727.103,
55 Florida Statutes, is redesignated as subsection (14), and a new
56 subsection (13) is added to that section, to read:
57 727.103 Definitions.—As used in this chapter, unless the
58 context requires a different meaning, the term:
59 (13) “Negative notice” means notice as set forth in s.
60 727.111(4) which, unless a response is filed within 21 days
61 after the date of service thereof, allows certain actions set
62 forth in the notice to occur.
63 Section 2. Subsection (2) of section 727.104, Florida
64 Statutes, is amended to read:
65 727.104 Commencement of proceedings.—
66 (2) Within 10 days after delivery of the assignment to the
67 assignee, the assignee shall:
68 (a) Record the original assignment in the public records of
69 the county in which the assignor had its principal place of
70 business and shall thereafter promptly record a certified copy
71 of the assignment in each county where assets of the estate are
73 (b) File, in the office of the clerk of the court in the
74 county of the assignor’s place of business if it has one, in the
75 county of its chief executive office if it has more than one
76 place of business, or in the county of the assignor’s residence
77 if the assignor is an individual not engaged in business, in
78 accordance with the procedures for filing a complaint as set
79 forth in the Florida Rules of Civil Procedure, a petition
80 setting forth the name and address of the assignor and the name
81 and address of the assignee; a copy of the assignment, together
82 with Schedules A and B; and a request that the court fix the
83 amount of the assignee’s bond to be filed with the clerk of the
84 court. This bond is shall be subject to reconsideration upon the
85 motion of any party in interest after notice and hearing. The
86 bond is shall be payable to the clerk of the court, in an amount
87 not less than $25,000 or double the liquidation value of the
88 unencumbered and liquid assets of the estate as set forth in
89 Schedule B, whichever is higher, conditioned upon the assignee’s
90 faithful discharge of her or his duties. Within 30 days after
91 the court enters an order setting the amount of such bond, the
92 assignee shall file the bond with the clerk of the court, who
93 shall approve the bond.
94 Section 3. Subsections (1) and (4) of section 727.108,
95 Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
96 727.108 Duties of assignee.—The assignee shall:
97 (1) Collect and reduce to money the assets of the estate,
98 whether by suit in any court of competent jurisdiction or by
99 public or private sale, including, but not limited to,
100 prosecuting any tort claims or causes of action that which were
101 previously held by the assignor, regardless of any generally
102 applicable law concerning the nonassignability of tort claims or
103 causes of action. , and;
104 (a) With respect to the estate’s claims and causes of
105 action, the assignee may:
106 1. Conduct discovery as provided under the Florida Rules of
107 Civil Procedure to determine whether to prosecute such claims or
108 causes of actions.
109 2. Prosecute such claims or causes of action as provided in
110 this section. or
111 3. Sell and assign, in whole or in part, such claims or
112 causes of action to another person or entity on the terms that
113 the assignee determines are in the best interest of the estate
114 under to s. 727.111(4). ; and
115 (b) In an action in any court by the assignee or the first
116 immediate transferee of the assignee, other than an affiliate or
117 insider of the assignor, against a defendant to assert a claim
118 or chose in action of the estate, the claim is not subject to,
119 and any remedy may not be limited by, a defense based on the
120 assignor’s acquiescence, cooperation, or participation in the
121 wrongful act by the defendant which forms the basis of the claim
122 or chose in action.
123 (4) Conduct the business of the assignor for a limited
124 period that may not to exceed 45 14 calendar days, if doing so
125 is in the best interest of the estate, or for a longer period
126 if , in the best interest of the estate, upon notice and until
127 such time as an objection, if any, is sustained by the court ;
128 however, the assignee may not operate the business of the
129 assignor for longer than 45 calendar days without a court order
130 authorizing such operation if an objection by a party in
131 interest is interposed to the assignee’s motion for authority to
132 operate the assignor’s business. An assignee’s authorization to
133 conduct the business of the assignor may be extended for a
134 period longer than 45 days upon service of negative notice. If
135 no timely objection is filed with the court, the assignee may
136 continue to operate the assignor’s business for an additional 90
137 days. The court may extend the 90-day period if it finds an
138 extension to be in the best interest of the estate.
139 Section 4. Subsection (3) of section 727.109, Florida
140 Statutes, is amended to read:
141 727.109 Power of the court.—The court shall have power to:
142 (3) Upon notice and a hearing, if requested, authorize the
143 business of the assignor to be conducted by the assignee for
144 longer than 45 14 calendar days, if in the best interest of the
146 Section 5. Subsection (3) is added to section 727.110,
147 Florida Statutes, to read:
148 727.110 Actions by assignee and other parties in interest.—
149 (3) As to an assignee’s rejection of an unexpired lease of
150 nonresidential real property or of personal property, as
151 provided under ss. 727.108(5) and 727.109(6):
152 (a) The assignee shall file a notice of rejection with the
153 court and serve a copy on the owner or lessor of the affected
154 property and, for personal property, on the landlord of the
155 premises on which the property is located. A notice of rejection
156 relating to personal property must identify the affected
157 property, the address at which the affected property is located,
158 the name and telephone number of the person in possession of the
159 affected property, and the deadline for removal of the affected
161 (b) The effective date of the rejection is the date of
162 entry of a court order authorizing such rejection.
163 (c) If the lessor of the affected property fails to take
164 possession thereof after notice of the rejection, the estate’s
165 rights and obligations to and liability for the property
166 terminate upon the effective date of the rejection.
167 Section 6. Subsections (4), (6), and (8) of section
168 727.111, Florida Statutes, are amended to read:
169 727.111 Notice.—
170 (4) The assignee shall give the assignor and all creditors
171 at least not less than 21 20 days’ notice by mail of a proposed
172 sale of assets of the estate other than in the ordinary course
173 of business, the assignee’s continued operation of the
174 assignor’s business for longer than 45 14 calendar days, the
175 compromise or settlement of a controversy, and the payment of
176 fees and expenses to the assignee and to professional persons
177 employed by the assignee pursuant to s. 727.108(7). The notice
178 shall be served on all creditors and their attorneys, if any, at
179 the address provided in the creditor’s proof of claim. If a
180 proof of claim has not been filed by a creditor that is
181 registered to do business in this state, the notice must be
182 served on the creditor’s registered agent as listed with the
183 Division of Corporations of the Department of State and on the
184 creditor’s attorney, if known. If a proof of claim has not been
185 filed and the creditor does not have a registered agent within
186 the state, the notice must be served on the creditor at the
187 address listed in the schedules filed by the assignor. Objection
188 Any objections to the proposed action must be filed and served
189 upon the assignee and the assignee’s attorney, if any, within 21
190 days after service of the notice not less than 3 days before the
191 date of the proposed action. The notice shall be in the
192 following form: must include a description of the proposed
193 action to be taken, the date of the proposed action, and the
194 date and place for the hearing at which any objections will be
197 NOTICE OF OPPORTUNITY TO OBJECT AND REQUEST A HEARING
199 IN THE CIRCUIT COURT
200 OF THE ....
201 CIRCUIT, IN AND FOR
202 .... COUNTY,
205 IN RE:............,
210 TO CREDITORS AND OTHER INTERESTED PARTIES:
212 PLEASE TAKE NOTICE that, pursuant to s. 727.111(4), Florida
213 Statutes, the assignee may ...(List applicable action(s)
214 described in s. 727.111(4))..., and the Court may consider these
215 actions without further notice or hearing unless a party in
216 interest files an objection within 21 days from the date this
217 paper is served. If you object to the relief requested in this
218 paper, you must file your objection with the Clerk of the Court
219 at...(Clerk’s address)..., and serve a copy on the assignee’s
220 attorney,...(attorney’s name and address)..., and any other
221 appropriate person.
223 If you file and serve an objection within the time permitted,
224 the Court shall schedule a hearing and notify you of the
225 scheduled hearing. If a hearing is already scheduled, list the
226 date, time, and location of the hearing: ...(date, time, and
229 If you do not file an objection within the time permitted, the
230 assignee and the Court will presume that you do not oppose the
231 granting of the relief requested in the paper.
235 Attorney for assignee (if any):........
238 If no objections are not timely filed and served, the assignee
239 may take such action as described in the notice without further
240 order of the court or may obtain an order approving the action
241 without further notice or hearing of the court granting such
242 motion if the assignee reasonably believes that the order is
243 necessary to proceed with the action contemplated by the motion.
244 If an objection is filed, the court shall hold a hearing on the
246 (6) For good cause shown and without notice of hearing, the
247 court may shorten the notice or negative notice period or limit
248 the parties to whom notice or negative notice need be given,
249 pursuant to subsection (3) or subsection (4). This subsection
250 does not affect the right of a party in interest to raise the
251 shortened notice period in any objection to the relief sought
252 under subsection (4).
253 (8) Wherever notice or negative notice is required to be
254 given under this chapter, a certificate of service of such
255 notice or negative notice shall be filed with the court, and
256 notice or negative notice shall be given to all consensual
257 lienholders and counsel who have filed a notice of appearance
258 with the court or who are identified in the assignor’s
260 Section 7. Subsection (1) of section 727.113, Florida
261 Statutes, is amended, and subsection (5) is added to that
262 section, to read:
263 727.113 Objections to claims.—
264 (1) At any time before prior to the entry of an order
265 approving the assignee’s final report, the assignee or any party
266 in interest , including another creditor of the assignor, may
267 file with the court an objection to a claim, which objection
268 must be in writing and set forth the nature of the objection,
269 and shall serve a copy thereof on the creditor at the address
270 provided in the proof of claim, and to the assignee and the
271 assignee’s attorney, if any. The objection may be served on
272 negative notice. A copy of the objection, together with notice
273 of hearing thereon, shall be mailed to the creditor at least 20
274 days prior to the hearing. All claims properly filed with the
275 assignee and not disallowed by the court constitute all claims
276 entitled to distribution from the estate.
277 (5) The discovery provisions of the Florida Rules of Civil
278 Procedure apply to objections to claims in all cases pending on
279 July 1, 2013, or filed thereafter.
280 Section 8. Section 727.117, Florida Statutes, is created to
282 727.117 Assignee’s deed form.—If an assignee sells property
283 of the estate, the deed shall be in substantially the following
286 ASSIGNEE’S DEED
288 This Assignee’s Deed is made and executed this .... day of
289 ...., ...(year)..., by ...., as Assignee for the Estate of ....,
290 Case No. .... in the Circuit Court of .... County, Florida,
291 whose post office address is .... (hereinafter “Grantor”), to
292 ...., whose post office address is .... (hereinafter “Grantee”).
293 Wherever used herein, the terms “Grantor” and “Grantee”
294 include all the parties to this instrument, singular and plural,
295 and the heirs, legal representatives, and assigns of these
296 individuals, and the successors and assigns of corporations,
297 wherever the context so admits or requires.
301 That Grantor, for and in consideration of the sum of Ten
302 Dollars ($10.00) and other good and valuable consideration in
303 hand paid to said Grantor by Grantee, the receipt of which is
304 hereby acknowledged, hereby grants, bargains, sells, aliens,
305 remises, releases, conveys, and confirms unto Grantee, all of
306 that certain real property lying and being in the County of
307 ...., State of Florida, more particularly described as follows:
309 SEE ATTACHED “EXHIBIT A,” which is incorporated herein by
310 the term “Property”.
312 This conveyance is subject to taxes accruing for the year
313 of conveyance and subsequent years, and all encumbrances,
314 covenants, conditions, and restrictions of record, except
315 nothing herein operates to reimpose same.
317 TOGETHER with all the tenements, hereditaments, and
318 appurtenances thereto belonging or in anywise appertaining.
320 TO HAVE AND TO HOLD the same in fee simple forever.
322 AND the Grantor hereby covenants with said Grantee that
323 Grantor has good right and lawful authority to sell and convey
324 said Property.
326 Grantor executed this instrument only in Grantor’s capacity
327 as Assignee of the above referenced Assignment estate and no
328 personal judgment shall ever be sought or obtained against
329 Grantor individually by reason of this instrument.
331 IN WITNESS WHEREOF, said Grantor has caused these presents
332 to be executed the day and year first written above.
336 ...(Grantor’s Signature)...
337 Print Name:........
338 As Assignee for the Estate of ...(Assignor’s Name)...
339 Case No. ....
340 Circuit Court of .... County, Florida
342 Signed, sealed and delivered
343 in the presence of:
345 ...(Witness’s Signature)...
347 ...(Witness’s Name Printed)...
348 Print Name
350 ...Witness’s Signature...
352 ...(Witness’s Name Printed)...
353 Print Name
355 STATE OF FLORIDA
356 COUNTY OF ....
358 Sworn to and subscribed before me this .... day of ....,
359 ...(year)..., by ...(Assignee’s Name)..., as Assignee for the
360 Estate of ...(Assignor’s Name)..., Case No. ...., Circuit Court
361 of .... County, Florida, on behalf of said estate.
363 ...(Signature of Notary Public - State of Florida)...
364 ...(Print, Type, or Stamp Commissioned Name of Notary Public)...
365 Personally Known .... OR Produced Identification ....
366 Type of Identification Produced:....
367 Section 9. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.