CS for SB 1350 First Engrossed 20131350e1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to criminal penalties; amending s. 3 775.082, F.S.; providing criminal sentences applicable 4 to a person who was under the age of 18 years at the 5 time the offense was committed; requiring that a judge 6 consider certain factors before determining if life 7 imprisonment is an appropriate sentence; providing for 8 review of certain sentences of offenders who were 9 under the age of 18 at the time of the offense; 10 providing requirements and procedures for such 11 reviews; providing an effective date. 12 13 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 14 15 Section 1. Subsections (1) and (3) of section 775.082, 16 Florida Statutes, are amended to read: 17 775.082 Penalties; applicability of sentencing structures; 18 mandatory minimum sentences for certain reoffenders previously 19 released from prison.— 20 (1)(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b), a person who 21 has been convicted of a capital felony shall be punished by 22 death if the proceeding held to determine sentence according to 23 the procedure set forth in s. 921.141 results in findings by the 24 court that such person shall be punished by death, otherwise 25 such person shall be punished by life imprisonment and shall be 26 ineligible for parole. 27 (b) A person who is convicted of a capital felony, or an 28 offense that was reclassified as a capital felony, that was 29 committed before the person was 18 years of age shall be 30 punished by life imprisonment and is ineligible for parole if 31 the judge at a mandatory sentencing hearing concludes that life 32 imprisonment is an appropriate sentence. In determining whether 33 life imprisonment is an appropriate sentence, the judge shall 34 consider factors relevant to the offense and to the defendant’s 35 youth and attendant circumstances, including, but not limited 36 to: 37 1. The nature and circumstances of the offense committed by 38 the defendant. 39 2. The effect of the crime on the victim’s family and on 40 the community. 41 3. The defendant’s age, maturity, intellectual capacity, 42 and mental and emotional health at the time of the offense. 43 4. The defendant’s background, including his or her family, 44 home, and community environment. 45 5. The effect, if any, of immaturity, impetuosity, or 46 failure to appreciate risks and consequences on the defendant’s 47 participation in the offense. 48 6. The extent of the defendant’s participation in the 49 offense. 50 7. The effect, if any, of familial pressure or peer 51 pressure on the defendant’s actions. 52 8. The nature and extent of the defendant’s prior criminal 53 history. 54 9. The effect, if any, of characteristics attributable to 55 the defendant’s youth on the defendant’s judgment. 56 10. The possibility of rehabilitating the defendant. 57 58 If the judge concludes that life imprisonment is not an 59 appropriate sentence, the defendant shall be punished by 60 imprisonment for a term of not less than 50 years. 61 (3) A person who has been convicted of any other designated 62 felony may be punished as follows: 63 (a)1. For a life felony committed before
prior toOctober 64 1, 1983, by a term of imprisonment for life or for a term of 65 years not less than 30. 66 2. For a life felony committed on or after October 1, 1983, 67 by a term of imprisonment for life or by a term of imprisonment 68 not exceeding 40 years. 69 3. Except as provided in subparagraph 4., for a life felony 70 committed on or after July 1, 1995, by a term of imprisonment 71 for life or by imprisonment for a term of years not exceeding 72 life imprisonment. 73 4.a. Except as provided in sub-subparagraph b., for a life 74 felony committed on or after September 1, 2005, which is a 75 violation of s. 800.04(5)(b), by: 76 (I) A term of imprisonment for life; or 77 (II) A split sentence that is a term of not less than 25 78 years’ imprisonment and not exceeding life imprisonment, 79 followed by probation or community control for the remainder of 80 the person’s natural life, as provided in s. 948.012(4). 81 b. For a life felony committed on or after July 1, 2008, 82 which is a person’s second or subsequent violation of s. 83 800.04(5)(b), by a term of imprisonment for life. 84 5. Notwithstanding subparagraphs 1.-4., a person convicted 85 under s. 782.04 for an offense that was reclassified as a life 86 felony that was committed before the person was 18 years of age 87 is eligible to be punished by a term of imprisonment for life or 88 by a term of years equal to life imprisonment if the judge at a 89 mandatory sentencing hearing considers factors relevant to the 90 offense and to the defendant’s youth and attendant 91 circumstances, including, but not limited to, the factors listed 92 in paragraph (1)(b) and concludes that imprisonment for life or 93 a term of years equal to life imprisonment is an appropriate 94 sentence. 95 6. For offenses committed on or after July 1, 2013, a 96 person convicted of a life felony or of an offense that was 97 reclassified as a life felony, other than an offense listed in 98 s. 782.04, that was committed before the person was 18 years of 99 age shall be punished by a term of imprisonment not to exceed 50 100 years. 101 (b) Except as provided in subparagraphs 1. and 2., for a 102 felony of the first degree, by a term of imprisonment not 103 exceeding 30 years or, when specifically provided by statute, by 104 imprisonment for a term of years not exceeding life 105 imprisonment. 106 1. A person convicted under s. 782.04 of a first-degree 107 felony punishable by a term of years not exceeding life 108 imprisonment, or an offense that was reclassified as a first 109 degree felony punishable by a term of years not exceeding life 110 imprisonment, that was committed before the person was 18 years 111 of age is eligible for a term of years equal to life 112 imprisonment if the judge at a mandatory sentencing hearing 113 considers factors relevant to the offense and to the defendant’s 114 youth and attendant circumstances, including, but not limited 115 to, the factors listed in paragraph (1)(b) and concludes that a 116 term of years equal to life imprisonment is an appropriate 117 sentence. 118 2. For offenses committed on or after July 1, 2013, a 119 person convicted for a first-degree felony punishable by a term 120 of years not exceeding life imprisonment or of an offense that 121 was reclassified as a first-degree felony punishable by a term 122 of years not exceeding life imprisonment, other than an offense 123 listed in s. 782.04, that was committed before the person was 124 18 years of age shall be punished by a term of imprisonment not 125 to exceed 50 years. 126 (c) For a felony of the second degree, by a term of 127 imprisonment not exceeding 15 years. 128 (d) For a felony of the third degree, by a term of 129 imprisonment not exceeding 5 years. 130 Section 2. A person who is sentenced for a crime he or she 131 committed when he or she was under the age of 18 is entitled to 132 a review of his or her sentence as follows: 133 (1) A person sentenced to life in prison without parole, 134 life in prison, or a term of 50 years or greater shall have his 135 or her sentence reviewed after 25 years. The sentencing court 136 shall retain original jurisdiction for the duration of the 137 sentence for this purpose. The Department of Corrections shall 138 notify juvenile offenders who are committed to the department of 139 their eligibility to participate in a resentencing hearing 18 140 months prior to the beginning of their 25th year of 141 incarceration. The juvenile offender may apply to the court of 142 original jurisdiction requesting that a resentencing hearing be 143 held. 144 (a) An offender is entitled to be represented by counsel, 145 and the court shall appoint a public defender to represent the 146 offender if the offender cannot afford an attorney. 147 (b) The court shall hold a resentencing hearing to 148 determine whether the offender’s sentence should be modified. 149 The resentencing court shall consider all of the following: 150 1. Whether the offender demonstrates maturity and 151 rehabilitation. 152 2. Whether the offender remains at the same level of risk 153 to society as he or she did at the time of the initial 154 sentencing. 155 3. The opinion of the victim or the victim’s next of kin. 156 The absence of the victim or the victim’s next of kin from the 157 resentencing hearing may not be a factor in the court’s 158 determination under this section. If the victim or the victim’s 159 next of kin chooses not to participate in the hearing, the court 160 may consider previous statements made by the victim or the 161 victim’s next of kin during the trial or initial sentencing 162 phase. 163 4. Whether the offender was a relatively minor participant 164 in the criminal offense or acted under extreme duress or the 165 domination of another person. 166 5. Whether the offender has shown sincere and sustained 167 remorse for the criminal offense. 168 6. Whether the offender’s age, maturity, and psychological 169 development at the time of the offense affected his or her 170 behavior. 171 7. Whether the offender has successfully obtained a general 172 educational development certificate or completed another 173 educational, technical, work, vocational, or self-rehabilitation 174 program, if such a program is available. 175 8. Whether the offender was a victim of sexual, physical, 176 or emotional abuse before he or she committed the offense. 177 9. The results of any mental health assessment, risk 178 assessment, or evaluation of the offender as to rehabilitation. 179 (c) If the court determines at the resentencing hearing 180 that the offender has been rehabilitated and is reasonably 181 believed to be fit to reenter society based on these factors, a 182 term of probation of at least 5 years shall be imposed. If the 183 court determines that the offender has not demonstrated 184 rehabilitation and is not fit to reenter society based on these 185 factors, the court shall issue an order in writing stating the 186 reasons the sentence is not being modified. 187 (d) An offender who is not resentenced under this 188 subsection at the initial resentencing is eligible for up to 189 three additional sentencing reviews. A minimum of 5 years must 190 pass before the individual is eligible for the sentencing 191 review. An offender sentenced to a term of years less than life 192 may not petition the court for a review of his or her sentence 193 if he or she is in the last 5 years of his or her sentence. 194 (2) If the person convicted is sentenced to a term of years 195 greater than 25 years but less than 50 years, the person shall 196 be entitled to a single review hearing at the midpoint of his or 197 her sentence. The person shall be subject to the resentencing 198 guidelines set forth in paragraph (b). If the judge at the 199 resentencing hearing determines that the original sentence is 200 appropriate, no other reviews shall be granted. 201 (3) This section is retroactive to the extent necessary to 202 comply with the ruling of the United State Supreme Court in 203 Miller v. Alabama, 567 U.S. ______, No. 10-9646 (2012) and 204 Graham v. Florida, 560 U.S. ______, No. 08-7412 (2010). 205 Section 3. This act shall take effect July 1, 2013.