Florida Senate - 2013 SB 408 By Senator Clemens 27-00262-13 2013408__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to motor vehicles; providing a short 3 title; providing legislative intent relating to road 4 rage and traffic congestion; amending s. 316.003, 5 F.S.; defining the term “road rage”; amending s. 6 316.083, F.S.; requiring that an operator of a motor 7 vehicle yield the furthermost left-hand lane when 8 being overtaken on a multilane highway; providing 9 exceptions; reenacting s. 316.1923, F.S., relating to 10 aggressive careless driving, to incorporate the 11 amendments made to s. 316.083, F.S., in a reference 12 thereto; requiring that the Department of Highway 13 Safety and Motor Vehicles provide information about 14 the act in driver license educational materials that 15 are newly published on or after a specified date; 16 providing an effective date. 17 18 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 19 20 Section 1. This act may be cited as the “Florida Highway 21 Safety Act.” 22 Section 2. The intent of the Legislature is to reduce road 23 rage and traffic congestion by reducing the incidence of crashes 24 and drivers’ interferences with the movement of traffic and by 25 promoting the orderly, free flow of traffic on the roads and 26 highways of the state. 27 Section 3. Subsection (91) is added to section 316.003, 28 Florida Statutes, to read: 29 316.003 Definitions.—The following words and phrases, when 30 used in this chapter, shall have the meanings respectively 31 ascribed to them in this section, except where the context 32 otherwise requires: 33 (91) ROAD RAGE.—The act of a driver or passenger to 34 intentionally or unintentionally, due to a loss of emotional 35 control, injure or kill another driver, passenger, bicyclist, or 36 pedestrian, or to attempt or threaten to injure or kill another 37 driver, passenger, bicyclist, or pedestrian. 38 Section 4. Present subsection (3) of section 316.083, 39 Florida Statutes, is redesignated as subsection (4), and a new 40 subsection (3) is added to that section, to read: 41 316.083 Overtaking and passing a vehicle.—The following 42 rules shall govern the overtaking and passing of vehicles 43 proceeding in the same direction, subject to those limitations, 44 exceptions, and special rules hereinafter stated: 45 (3)(a) On a road, street, or highway having two or more 46 lanes that allow movement in the same direction, a driver may 47 not continue to operate a motor vehicle in the furthermost left 48 hand lane if the driver knows, or reasonably should know, that 49 he or she is being overtaken in that lane from the rear by a 50 motor vehicle traveling at a higher rate of speed. 51 (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to a driver operating a 52 motor vehicle in the furthermost left-hand lane if: 53 1. The driver is in the process of overtaking a slower 54 motor vehicle in the adjacent right-hand lane for the purpose of 55 passing the slower vehicle before moving to the adjacent right 56 hand lane; 57 2. Conditions preclude the driver from moving to the 58 adjacent right-hand lane; 59 3. The driver’s movement to the adjacent right-hand lane 60 could endanger the driver or other drivers; 61 4. The driver is directed by a law enforcement officer, 62 road sign, or road crew to remain in the furthermost left-hand 63 lane; or 64 5. The driver is preparing to make a left turn. 65 Section 5. For the purpose of incorporating the amendment 66 made by this act to section 316.083, Florida Statutes, in a 67 reference thereto, section 316.1923, Florida Statutes, is 68 reenacted to read: 69 316.1923 Aggressive careless driving.—“Aggressive careless 70 driving” means committing two or more of the following acts 71 simultaneously or in succession: 72 (1) Exceeding the posted speed as defined in s. 73 322.27(3)(d)5.b. 74 (2) Unsafely or improperly changing lanes as defined in s. 75 316.085. 76 (3) Following another vehicle too closely as defined in s. 77 316.0895(1). 78 (4) Failing to yield the right-of-way as defined in s. 79 316.079, s. 316.0815, or s. 316.123. 80 (5) Improperly passing as defined in s. 316.083, s. 81 316.084, or s. 316.085. 82 (6) Violating traffic control and signal devices as defined 83 in ss. 316.074 and 316.075. 84 Section 6. The Department of Highway Safety and Motor 85 Vehicles shall provide information about the Florida Highway 86 Safety Act in all driver license educational materials that are 87 newly printed on or after October 1, 2013. 88 Section 7. This act shall take effect October 1, 2013.