Florida Senate - 2013                                     SB 790
       By Senator Brandes
       22-00490E-13                                           2013790__
    1                        A bill to be entitled                      
    2         An act relating to school emergency procedures;
    3         amending s. 1006.07, F.S.; defining and distinguishing
    4         emergency lockdown drills from emergency evacuation
    5         drills; requiring that emergency lockdown drills be
    6         conducted at least as often as emergency evacuation
    7         drills; encouraging local law enforcement officers or
    8         fire officials to participate in and to review at
    9         least one emergency lockdown drill at each school each
   10         year; requiring a designated staff member to submit an
   11         after-drill report to the school district after an
   12         emergency drill; providing requirements for the after
   13         drill report; requiring that each school annually
   14         review and revise its safety policies and procedures
   15         as needed; providing an effective date.
   17  Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
   19         Section 1. Subsections (4) and (5) of section 1006.07,
   20  Florida Statutes, are reordered and amended, and subsection (6)
   21  of that section is amended, to read:
   22         1006.07 District school board duties relating to student
   23  discipline and school safety.—The district school board shall
   24  provide for the proper accounting for all students, for the
   25  attendance and control of students at school, and for proper
   26  attention to health, safety, and other matters relating to the
   27  welfare of students, including:
   29         (a) Formulate and prescribe policies and procedures for
   30  emergency lockdown drills and emergency evacuation drills for
   31  actual emergencies, including, but not limited to, fires,
   32  natural disasters, and bomb threats, for all the public schools
   33  of the district which comprise grades K-12. District school
   34  board policies must shall include commonly used alarm system
   35  responses for specific types of emergencies and verification by
   36  each school that drills have been provided as required by law
   37  and fire protection codes. As used in this paragraph, the term
   38  “evacuation drill” means an activity in which students and
   39  faculty practice the safest and quickest way to evacuate a
   40  school facility in case of an emergency in which evacuation is
   41  generally the safest option, such as in the case of a fire. As
   42  used in this paragraph, the term “lockdown drill” means an
   43  activity in which students and faculty practice securing a
   44  school facility or rooms within the facility in case of an
   45  emergency in which hiding from a hostile danger is generally
   46  deemed safer than evacuating the building, such as in the case
   47  of a tornado or the presence of an armed person who is
   48  threatening the safety of the students or employees of a school.
   49         1.The policies and procedures must require that emergency
   50  lockdown drills be conducted at least as often as emergency
   51  evacuation drills. This subparagraph does not require an
   52  increase in the total number of emergency drills conducted at a
   53  school each year.
   54         2.Local law enforcement officers or fire officials are
   55  encouraged to participate in, and to review, at least one
   56  emergency lockdown drill at each school each year. After a
   57  drill, participating law enforcement officers or fire officials
   58  are encouraged to submit recommendations to the school on how it
   59  can improve its safety procedures in case of an emergency
   60  lockdown.
   61         3. Each school shall designate the principal or a member of
   62  its staff as the person responsible for overseeing a school’s
   63  emergency drills. Before an emergency drill is conducted, the
   64  designated staff member shall review the appropriate, most
   65  recent after-drill report required under subparagraph 4.
   66         4. After a drill is completed, the designated staff member
   67  shall electronically submit to the school district, in a format
   68  prescribed by the department, an after-drill report that details
   69  the specific drill that was conducted. Such report must include
   70  positive observations and recommendations for improvement
   71  offered by the school or participating law enforcement officers
   72  or fire officials, if any.
   73         (b) The district school board shall Establish model
   74  emergency management and emergency preparedness procedures for
   75  the following life-threatening emergencies:
   76         1. Weapon-use and hostage situations.
   77         2. Hazardous materials or toxic chemical spills.
   78         3. Weather emergencies, including hurricanes, tornadoes,
   79  and severe storms.
   80         4. Exposure as a result of a manmade emergency.
   82  educational services to minors who have not graduated from high
   83  school and eligible students with disabilities under the age of
   84  22 who have not graduated with a standard diploma or its
   85  equivalent who are detained in a county or municipal detention
   86  facility, as defined in s. 951.23. These educational services
   87  must shall be based upon the estimated length of time the
   88  student will be in the facility and the student’s current level
   89  of functioning. District school superintendents or their
   90  designees shall be notified by the county sheriff or chief
   91  correctional officer, or his or her designee, upon the
   92  assignment of a student under the age of 21 to the facility. A
   93  cooperative agreement with the district school board and
   94  applicable law enforcement units shall be developed to address
   95  the notification requirement and the provision of educational
   96  services to these students.
   98         (a) Use the Safety and Security Best Practices developed by
   99  the Office of Program Policy Analysis and Government
  100  Accountability to conduct a self-assessment of the school
  101  districts’ current safety and security practices. Based on these
  102  self-assessment findings, the district school superintendent
  103  shall provide recommendations to the district school board which
  104  identify strategies and activities that the district school
  105  board should implement in order to improve school safety and
  106  security. Annually Each district school board must annually
  107  receive the self-assessment results at a publicly noticed
  108  district school board meeting to provide the public an
  109  opportunity to hear the district school board members discuss
  110  and take action on the report findings. Each district school
  111  superintendent shall report the self-assessment results and
  112  school board action to the commissioner within 30 days after the
  113  district school board meeting.
  114         (b) By July 1, 2014, and each year thereafter, review the
  115  Safety and Security Best Practices developed by the Office of
  116  Program Policy Analysis and Government Accountability and revise
  117  its policies and procedures as needed. A school district may
  118  revise its policies and procedures regarding emergency drills
  119  without department approval.
  120         Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2013.