Florida Senate - 2014                                    SB 1724
       By the Committee on Children, Families, and Elder Affairs
       586-03536-14                                          20141724__
    1                        A bill to be entitled                      
    2         An act relating to human trafficking; creating s.
    3         409.1754; requiring the department to develop or adopt
    4         initial screening and assessment instruments;
    5         specifying the process for the department to develop
    6         or adopt initial screening and assessment instruments;
    7         providing criteria for placement in safe houses or
    8         safe foster homes; allowing entities to use additional
    9         initial screening and assessment instruments;
   10         requiring the department, community-based care lead
   11         agencies, and staff administering the detention risk
   12         assessment instrument to receive specified training;
   13         requiring the department and lead agencies to hold
   14         multidisciplinary staffings under certain conditions;
   15         requiring the department and lead agencies to develop
   16         specific plans and protocols; directing the
   17         department, the Department of Juvenile Justice, and
   18         lead agencies to participate in coalitions, task
   19         forces, or similar organizations to coordinate local
   20         responses to human trafficking; requiring the
   21         department to attempt to initiate a task force if none
   22         is active in a local area; amending s. 409.1678;
   23         providing definitions; authorizing the Department of
   24         Children and Families to certify safe houses and safe
   25         foster homes; providing requirements for certification
   26         as safe houses and safe foster homes; allowing the
   27         department to certify a secure safe house to operate
   28         as a pilot program; providing requirements for the
   29         secure safe house pilot program; amending s. 39.524;
   30         providing for review of appropriateness of safe harbor
   31         placement in both safe houses and safe foster homes;
   32         amending criteria for placement; authorizing placement
   33         in settings other than safe houses and safe foster
   34         homes under certain conditions; requiring the Office
   35         of Program Policy Analysis and Government
   36         Accountability to conduct a study on commercial
   37         exploitation of children in Florida and related
   38         topics; creating s. 39.4072; providing for placement
   39         for evaluation in a secure safe house if certain
   40         criteria is met; specifying the process for evaluating
   41         whether a child meets criteria for placement for
   42         treatment in a secure safe house; creating s. 39.4074;
   43         authorizing the department to file a petition for
   44         placement in a secure safe house if the child is
   45         evaluated to meet criteria; providing for court
   46         determination; requiring reporting on a child’s
   47         treatment progress in a secure safe house; providing
   48         for court review; providing an effective date.
   50  Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
   52         Section 1. Section 409.1754, Florida Statutes, is created
   53  to read:
   54         409.1754 Sexually Exploited Children; Screening and
   55  Assessment; Training; Case Management; Task Forces.—
   56         (1) SCREENING AND ASSESSMENT.—
   57         (a) The department shall develop or adopt one or more
   58  initial screening and assessment instruments to identify,
   59  determine the needs of, plan services for, and identify
   60  appropriate placement for sexually exploited children. The
   61  department shall consult state and local agencies,
   62  organizations, and individuals involved in the identification
   63  and care of sexually exploited children in developing or
   64  adopting the initial screening and assessment instruments. The
   65  initial screening and assessment instruments shall include
   66  assessment of appropriate placement, including whether placement
   67  in a safe house or safe foster home is appropriate, and shall
   68  consider, at a minimum, the following factors:
   69         1. Risk of the sexually exploited child running away.
   70         2. Risk of the sexually exploited child recruiting other
   71  children into the commercial sex trade.
   72         3. Level of the sexually exploited child’s attachment to
   73  his or her exploiter.
   74         4. Level and type of trauma that the sexually exploited
   75  child has endured.
   76         5. Nature of the sexually exploited child’s interactions
   77  with law enforcement.
   78         6. Length of time that the child was sexually exploited.
   79         7. Extent of any substance abuse by the sexually exploited
   80  child.
   81         (b) The initial screening and assessment instruments shall
   82  be validated if possible and must be used by the department,
   83  juvenile assessment centers as provided in s. 985.135, and
   84  community-based care lead agencies.
   85         (c) The department shall establish rules specifying the
   86  initial screening and assessment instruments to be used, the
   87  requirements for their use, and the reporting of data collected
   88  through them.
   89         (d) The department, the Department of Juvenile Justice, and
   90  community-based care lead agencies are not precluded from using
   91  additional assessment instruments in the course of serving
   92  sexually exploited children.
   94         (a)1. The department and community-based care lead agencies
   95  shall ensure that cases in which a child is alleged, suspected,
   96  or known to have been sexually exploited are assigned to child
   97  protective investigators and case managers who have specialized
   98  intensive training in handling cases involving a sexually
   99  exploited child. The department and lead agencies shall ensure
  100  that child protective investigators and case managers,
  101  respectively, receive this training prior to accepting any case
  102  involving a sexually exploited child.
  103         2. The Department of Juvenile Justice shall ensure that
  104  juvenile probation staff or contractors administering the
  105  detention risk assessment instrument receive specialized
  106  intensive training in identifying and serving sexually exploited
  107  children.
  108         (b) The department and community-based care lead agencies
  109  shall conduct regular multidisciplinary staffings for sexually
  110  exploited children to ensure that all relevant information is
  111  known to all parties and that services are coordinated across
  112  systems. The department or community-based care lead agency, as
  113  appropriate, shall coordinate these staffings and invite
  114  individuals involved in the child’s care. This may include, but
  115  is not limited to, the child’s guardian ad litem, juvenile
  116  justice system staff, school district staff, service providers,
  117  and victim advocates.
  118         (c)1. Each region of the department and each community
  119  based care lead agency shall jointly assess local service
  120  capacity to meet the specialized service needs of sexually
  121  exploited children and establish a plan to develop capacity.
  122  Each plan shall be developed in consultation with local law
  123  enforcement officials, local school officials, runaway and
  124  homeless youth program providers, local probation departments,
  125  children’s advocacy centers, public defenders, state attorney’s
  126  offices, safe houses, and child advocates and services providers
  127  who work directly with sexually exploited children.
  128         2. Each region of the department and each community-based
  129  care lead agency shall establish local protocols and procedures
  130  for working with sexually exploited children which are
  131  responsive to the individual circumstances of each child. The
  132  protocols and procedures shall take into account the varying
  133  types and levels of trauma endured; whether the sexual
  134  exploitation is actively occurring, occurred in the past, or
  135  inactive but likely to reoccur; and the differing community
  136  resources and degrees of familial support that may be available.
  137  Child protective investigators and case managers must use the
  138  protocols and procedures when working with a sexually exploited
  139  child.
  140         (3)(a) The local regional director may, to the extent that
  141  funds are available, provide training to local law enforcement
  142  officials who are likely to encounter sexually exploited
  143  children in the course of their law enforcement duties. Training
  144  shall address the provisions of this section and how to identify
  145  and obtain appropriate services for sexually exploited children.
  146  The local circuit administrator may contract with a not-for
  147  profit agency having experience working with sexually exploited
  148  children to provide the training. Circuits may work
  149  cooperatively to provide training, which may be provided on a
  150  regional basis. The department shall assist circuits to obtain
  151  any available funds for the purposes of conducting law
  152  enforcement training from the Office of Juvenile Justice and
  153  Delinquency Prevention of the United States Department of
  154  Justice.
  155         (b) Circuit administrators or their designees, chief
  156  probation officers of the Department of Juvenile Justice or
  157  their designees, and the chief operating officers of community
  158  based care lead agencies or their designees shall participate in
  159  any task force, committee, council, advisory group, coalition,
  160  or other entity active in their service area for coordinating
  161  responses to address human trafficking or sexual exploitation of
  162  children. If no such entity exists, the circuit administrator
  163  for the department shall work to initiate one.
  164         Section 2. Section 409.1678, Florida Statutes, is amended
  165  to read:
  166         (Substantial rewording of section. See
  167         s. 409.1678, F.S., for present text).
  168         409.1678 Specialized residential options for children who
  169  are victims of sexual exploitation.—
  170         (1) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term:
  171         (a) “Safe foster home” means a foster home certified by the
  172  department under this section to care for sexually exploited
  173  children.
  174         (b) “Safe house” means a group residential placement
  175  certified by the department under this section to care for
  176  sexually exploited children.
  177         (c) “Sexually exploited child” means a child who has
  178  suffered sexual exploitation as defined in s. 39.01(67)(g) and
  179  is ineligible for relief and benefits under the federal
  180  Trafficking Victims Protection Act, 22 U.S.C. ss. 7101 et seq.
  182         (a) Safe houses and safe foster homes shall provide a safe,
  183  separate, and therapeutic environment tailored to the needs of
  184  sexually exploited children who have endured significant trauma.
  185  Safe houses and safe foster homes shall use a model of treatment
  186  that includes strength-based and trauma-informed approaches.
  187         (b) The department shall certify safe houses and safe
  188  foster homes. A residential facility accepting state funds
  189  appropriated to provide services to sexually exploited children
  190  or child victims of sex trafficking must be certified by the
  191  department as a safe house or a safe foster home. No entity may
  192  use the designation “safe house” or “safe foster home” and hold
  193  themselves out as serving sexually exploited children unless the
  194  entity is certified under this section.
  195         (c) To be certified, a safe house must hold a license as a
  196  residential child-caring agency, and a safe foster home must
  197  hold a license as a family foster home, pursuant to s. 409.175.
  198  A safe house or safe foster home must also:
  199         1. Use trauma-informed and strength-based approaches to
  200  care, to the extent possible and appropriate.
  201         2. Serve exclusively one sex.
  202         3. Group sexually exploited children by age or maturity
  203  level.
  204         4. Care for sexually exploited children in a manner that
  205  separates these children from children with other needs. Safe
  206  houses and safe foster homes may care for other populations, if
  207  the children who have not experienced sexual exploitation do not
  208  interact with children who have experienced sexual exploitation.
  209         5. Have awake staff members on duty 24 hours a day, if a
  210  safe house.
  211         6. Provide appropriate security through facility design,
  212  hardware, technology, staffing, and siting, including but not
  213  limited to external video monitoring or alarmed doors, having a
  214  high staff-to-client ratio, or being situated in a remote
  215  location isolated from major transportation centers and common
  216  trafficking areas. However, such security must allow sexually
  217  exploited children to exit the safe house if they choose.
  218         7. Meet other criteria established by the department in
  219  rule, which may include, but are not limited to, personnel
  220  qualifications, staffing ratios, and services content.
  221         (d) Safe houses and safe foster homes shall provide
  222  services tailored to the needs of sexually exploited children
  223  and shall conduct a comprehensive assessment of the service
  224  needs of each resident. In addition to the services required to
  225  be provided by residential child caring agencies and family
  226  foster homes, safe houses and safe foster homes must provide,
  227  arrange for or coordinate, at a minimum, the following services:
  228         1. Victim-witness counseling;
  229         2. Family counseling;
  230         3. Behavioral health care;
  231         4. Treatment and intervention for sexual assault;
  232         5. Education tailored to the child’s individual needs,
  233  including remedial education if necessary;
  234         6. Life skills training;
  235         7. Mentoring by a survivor of sexual exploitation, if
  236  available and appropriate for the child;
  237         8. Substance abuse screening, and where necessary, access
  238  to treatment;
  239         9. Planning services for the successful transition of each
  240  child back to the community; and
  241         10. Activities, in a manner that provides sexually
  242  exploited children with a full schedule.
  243         (e) The community-based care lead agencies shall ensure
  244  that foster parents of safe foster homes and staff of safe
  245  houses complete intensive training regarding, at a minimum, the
  246  needs of sexually exploited children, the effects of trauma and
  247  sexual exploitation, and how to address those needs using
  248  strength-based and trauma-informed approaches. The department
  249  shall specify this training by rule and may develop or contract
  250  for a standard curriculum. The department may establish in rule
  251  additional criteria for the certification of safe houses and
  252  safe foster homes. Criteria shall address the security,
  253  therapeutic, social, health, and educational needs of sexually
  254  exploited children.
  255         (f) The department shall inspect safe houses and safe
  256  foster homes prior to certification and annually to ensure
  257  compliance with requirements of this section. The department may
  258  place a moratorium on referrals and may revoke the certification
  259  of a safe house or safe foster home which fails at any time to
  260  meet the requirements of this section or rules adopted pursuant
  261  to this section.
  262         (g) The certification period for safe houses and safe
  263  foster homes shall run concurrently with the terms of their
  264  licenses.
  266         (a) The department may facilitate the development of one
  267  secure safe house on a pilot basis to evaluate the therapeutic
  268  benefits of a secure residential setting within the broader
  269  array of residential and community-based services available to
  270  meet the needs of sexually exploited children. The secure safe
  271  house is intended for those sexually exploited children with the
  272  greatest needs, for whom no less restrictive placement has been
  273  or will be effective in addressing the effects of severe abuse,
  274  violence, trauma, or exploiter control endured by the child. The
  275  setting is only available to a sexually exploited child:
  276         1. Who is the subject of an open investigation due to an
  277  allegation of abuse, neglect, or exploitation, or has been
  278  adjudicated dependent;
  279         2. Who has been placed in accordance with ss. 39.4072 and
  280  39.4074; and
  281         3. Whose needs cannot be met in less restrictive
  282  placements.
  283         (b) The secure safe house must be a certified safe house,
  284  and may have no more than 15 beds. The department shall select
  285  the region where the secure safe house shall be sited. The
  286  department shall collaborate with the local community-based care
  287  lead agency to design the pilot project, including, but not
  288  limited to, selection of the location, selection of the
  289  provider, the facility’s security features, referral processes,
  290  and services provided within the secure safe house.
  291         (c) Children from any region of the state may be placed in
  292  the secure safe house pursuant to ss. 39.4072 and 39.4074. The
  293  department, in consultation with the community-based care lead
  294  agencies serving the children, shall approve all placements of
  295  children in the facility. In addition to the criteria in s.
  296  409.1754(1) and any other criteria determined by the department
  297  pursuant to that subsection, the following criteria at a minimum
  298  shall also be used to determine whether a child qualifies for
  299  placement in the secure safe house:
  300         1. Lack of willingness to participate in less intensive
  301  programs; and
  302         2. Lack of treatment progress in less restrictive
  303  placements, if the child has been placed elsewhere.
  304         (d) The secure safe house shall include features which
  305  prevent any entry into or exit from the facility or its grounds
  306  without the involvement of staff, including, but not limited to,
  307  walls, fencing, gates, and locking doors.
  308         (e) A child may be placed in the secure safe house for a
  309  minimum of 5 days and a maximum of 10 months. Pursuant to s.
  310  39.4074(4), the secure safe house shall regularly review and
  311  report on the child’s progress, and during judicial reviews the
  312  court shall determine whether continued placement in the secure
  313  safe house is appropriate. The department shall place the child
  314  in another setting when continued placement in the secure safe
  315  house is no longer appropriate.
  316         (f) The department shall contract for an evaluation of the
  317  effectiveness of the secure safe house in facilitating the
  318  rehabilitation of sexually exploited children. The evaluation
  319  report shall be provided to the Governor, the President of the
  320  Senate, and the Speaker of the House of Representatives by
  321  February 1, 2018. The evaluation shall, at a minimum, describe
  322  the program model and facility design, assess the effectiveness
  323  of the facility in meeting the treatment and security needs of
  324  sexually exploited children, analyze its cost-effectiveness, and
  325  provide recommendations regarding the continued operation of the
  326  pilot program and any changes or enhancements.
  327         (4)(a) This section does not prohibit any provider of
  328  services for sexually exploited children from appropriately
  329  billing Medicaid for services rendered, from contracting with a
  330  local school district for educational services, or from
  331  obtaining federal or local funding for services provided, as
  332  long as two or more funding sources do not pay for the same
  333  specific service that has been provided to a child.
  334         (b) The lead agency shall ensure that all children residing
  335  in safe houses or safe foster homes have a case manager and a
  336  case plan, whether or not the child is a dependent child.
  337         (5) The services specified in this section may, to the
  338  extent possible provided by law and with funding authorized, be
  339  available to all sexually exploited children whether they are
  340  accessed voluntarily, as a condition of probation, through a
  341  diversion program, through a proceeding under chapter 39, or
  342  through a referral from a local community-based care or social
  343  service agency.
  344         Section 3. Section 39.524, Florida Statutes, is amended to
  345  read:
  346         39.524 Safe-harbor placement.—
  347         (1) Except as provided in s. 39.407 or s. 985.801, a
  348  dependent child 6 years of age or older who has been found to be
  349  a victim of sexual exploitation as defined in s. 39.01(67)(g)
  350  must be assessed for placement in a safe house or safe foster
  351  home as provided in s. 409.1678 using the initial screening and
  352  assessment instruments provided in s. 409.1754(1). The
  353  assessment shall be conducted by the department or its agent and
  354  shall incorporate and address current and historical information
  355  from any law enforcement reports; psychological testing or
  356  evaluation that has occurred; current and historical information
  357  from the guardian ad litem, if one has been assigned; current
  358  and historical information from any current therapist, teacher,
  359  or other professional who has knowledge of the child and has
  360  worked with the child; and any other information concerning the
  361  availability and suitability of safe-house placement. If such
  362  placement is determined to be appropriate for the child as a
  363  result of this assessment, the child may be placed in a safe
  364  house or safe foster home, if one is available. However, the
  365  child may be placed in another setting if it is more appropriate
  366  to his or her needs and his or her behaviors can be managed in
  367  those settings so that they do not endanger other children being
  368  served in those settings, or if a safe house or safe foster home
  369  in unavailable. As used in this section, the term “available” as
  370  it relates to a placement means a placement that is located
  371  within the circuit or otherwise reasonably accessible.
  372         (2) The results of the assessment described in s.
  373  409.1754(1) subsection (1) and the actions taken as a result of
  374  the assessment must be included in the next judicial review of
  375  the child. At each subsequent judicial review, the court must be
  376  advised in writing of the status of the child’s placement, with
  377  special reference regarding the stability of the placement and
  378  the permanency planning for the child.
  379         (3)(a) By December 1 of each year, the department shall
  380  report to the Legislature on the placement of children in safe
  381  houses and safe foster homes during the year, including the
  382  criteria used to determine the placement of children, the number
  383  of children who were evaluated for placement, the number of
  384  children who were placed based upon the evaluation, and the
  385  number of children who were not placed.
  386         (b) The department shall maintain data specifying the
  387  number of children who were referred to a safe house or safe
  388  foster home for whom placement was unavailable and the counties
  389  in which such placement was unavailable. The department shall
  390  include this data in its report under this subsection so that
  391  the Legislature may consider this information in developing the
  392  General Appropriations Act.
  393         Section 4. Section 39.4072, Florida Statutes, is created to
  394  read:
  395         39.4072 Evaluation for secure safe house placement.—
  396         (1) The Legislature finds that victims of child sexual
  397  exploitation as defined in s. 39.01(67)(g) often exhibit
  398  behaviors that place themselves and others in danger. The
  399  Legislature finds that when sexually exploited children
  400  repeatedly run away from their home or residential placement to
  401  unsafe placements, engage in commercial sexual activity as
  402  defined in s. 787.06(2)(b), F.S., or seek to maintain a
  403  relationship with their exploiters, these children and other
  404  children are in danger of being sexually exploited and
  405  physically abused, which can lead to grave emotional and
  406  physical harm.
  407         (2) CRITERIA.—A child may be taken to a secure safe house
  408  for evaluation of the appropriateness of placement for treatment
  409  in a secure safe house as provided in this section if there is
  410  probable cause that the child has been sexually exploited as
  411  defined in s. 39.01(67)(g) and:
  412         (a) The child meets the criteria in s. 409.1678(3) for safe
  413  house placement; and
  414         (b) The child recently engaged in behaviors that subject
  415  the child to victimization, violence, emotional harm, serious
  416  bodily harm, or health risks that endanger the child, posing a
  417  real and present threat of substantial harm to the child’s well
  418  being. Such behaviors include, but are not limited to,
  419  repeatedly running away from home or residential placement to an
  420  unsafe situation, engaging in commercial sexual activity as
  421  defined in s. 787.06(2)(b), and seeking to maintain a
  422  relationship with the child’s trafficker despite others’
  423  attempts to separate the child from the trafficker;
  424         (c) There is a substantial likelihood that without care or
  425  treatment the child will endanger or cause serious bodily harm
  426  to others, as evidenced by previous behavior including
  427  recruiting other children into the commercial sex trade or using
  428  coercion such as violence, illegal substances, or other means to
  429  compel their participation in such trade; and
  430         (d) Less restrictive placement alternatives are unlikely to
  431  be effective in keeping the child from engaging in behaviors
  432  provided in paragraphs (b) and (c), as determined by a
  433  department or community-based care lead agency.
  434         (3) EVALUATION.—
  435         (a) An official of the department may initiate an
  436  evaluation of a child who is the subject of an open
  437  investigation or under the supervision of the court if the
  438  criteria in subsection (2) are met. A child protective
  439  investigator, a law enforcement officer, case manager, or other
  440  qualified individual may transport the child to the secure safe
  441  house, which may admit the child for assessment and
  442  stabilization pending the filing and adjudication of a petition
  443  by the department as provided in s. 39.522(1) alleging a need
  444  for a change in placement. The secure safe house shall provide
  445  notice regarding the child’s admittance for assessment for
  446  secure safe house placement, to the child’s parent or guardian,
  447  foster parent, case manager, and guardian ad litem. If the child
  448  does not have a guardian ad litem and a lawyer, the court shall
  449  appoint them.
  450         (b) A psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, licensed mental
  451  health counselor, or licensed clinical social worker at the
  452  secure safe house who has training in working with sexually
  453  exploited children shall conduct an initial evaluation of the
  454  child as soon as it is appropriate to do so given the child’s
  455  emotional, mental, and physical condition. The child may be
  456  provided medical screening and treatment pursuant to s. 39.407.
  457  The secure safe house may initiate appropriate therapeutic
  458  services to stabilize and treat the child.
  459         (c) Facility staff shall continue to evaluate the child
  460  throughout his or her placement for evaluation in the secure
  461  safe house and may access the child’s case file and other
  462  relevant records and request information from other individuals
  463  involved in the child’s life. The child’s parent or guardian,
  464  foster parent, case manager, and guardian ad litem may provide
  465  any information they believe relevant to the evaluation. The
  466  evaluation of the child shall be based on whether the child
  467  meets the criteria established under s. 409.1678(3) for
  468  admission to the secure safe house, and the criteria in
  469  paragraphs (1)(a) and (b).
  470         (d) Within five days after the child’s admittance to the
  471  secure safe house for evaluation, the psychiatrist, clinical
  472  psychologist, licensed mental health counselor, or licensed
  473  clinical social worker shall determine, based on the evaluation,
  474  whether the secure safe house would best meet the child’s needs,
  475  or whether additional evaluation is required before a conclusion
  476  can be reached.
  477         1. If the secure safe house would not best meet the child’s
  478  needs, the department shall place the child in the least
  479  restrictive setting which is appropriate for the child’s needs.
  480         2. If placement in the secure safe house for treatment
  481  would best meet the child’s needs, the department shall petition
  482  the court within 24 hours for placement under s. 39.4074, and
  483  the secure safe house shall admit the child pending a judicial
  484  determination.
  485         3. If additional evaluation is required before a
  486  determination may be made about the child’s need for secure safe
  487  house placement for treatment, the department shall petition the
  488  court within 24 hours to extend the placement of the child for
  489  evaluation purposes up to 30 days or until a determination may
  490  be made regarding the need for secure safe house placement for
  491  treatment, whichever comes first. The child shall remain in the
  492  secure safe house pending the court order.
  493         (f) The department shall provide all evaluations to the
  494  child’s parent or guardian, case manager, and guardian ad litem.
  495         Section 5. Section 39.4074, Florida Statutes, is created to
  496  read:
  497         39.4074 Placement in a secure safe house.—
  498         (1) PETITION FOR PLACEMENT.—If an evaluation pursuant to s.
  499  39.4072(3) results in a determination that placement for
  500  treatment in a secure safe house would best meet the child’s
  501  needs, the department may file a petition for placement in
  502  dependency court. The department shall provide notice to the
  503  child’s parents as required under s. 39.502(1). If the child’s
  504  parents consent to such placement, the court shall enter an
  505  order placing the child in the secure safe house for up to 45
  506  days, pending review by the court as provided herein. If the
  507  child’s parents refuse or are unable to consent, the court
  508  within 24 hours of the filing of the petition shall hear all
  509  parties in person or by counsel, or both. If the court concludes
  510  that the child meets the criteria for placement in the secure
  511  safe house in s. 39.4072(1), it shall order that the child be
  512  placed in the secure safe house for a period of up to 45 days,
  513  pending review by the court.
  515         (a) Within 10 days after the placement of a child for
  516  treatment in a secure safe house, the secure safe house must
  517  prepare an individualized treatment plan which addresses both
  518  preliminary residential treatment and comprehensive discharge,
  519  identifying care appropriate for the child upon completion of
  520  residential treatment. The plan must be approved by the
  521  department. The child must be involved in the preparation of the
  522  plan to the maximum feasible extent consistent with the child’s
  523  ability to do so. The child’s parents, guardian, or foster
  524  parents, guardian ad litem, and staff from the child’s home
  525  school district must be involved with the child’s treatment and
  526  discharge planning. Other individuals may also participate in
  527  plan development as appropriate. A secure safe house shall
  528  provide a copy and an explanation of the plan to the child, the
  529  child’s parent or guardian, the guardian ad litem, and case
  530  manager. The department shall also provide the plan to the
  531  court.
  532         (b) At 20-day intervals, commencing upon the beginning of
  533  treatment according to the treatment plan, the secure safe house
  534  must review the child’s progress toward the treatment goals and
  535  assess whether the child’s needs could be met in a less
  536  restrictive treatment program. The secure safe house must submit
  537  a report of its findings to the child’s parents or guardian,
  538  guardian ad litem, case manager, the department and the court.
  539  The department may not reimburse a secure safe house until the
  540  secure safe house has submitted every written report that is
  541  due.
  542         (c) The court shall conduct an initial review of the status
  543  of the child’s treatment plan no later than 35 days after the
  544  child’s placement for treatment in the secure safe house. For
  545  any child in a secure safe house at the time a judicial review
  546  is held pursuant to s. 39.701, the child’s continued placement
  547  in a secure safe house must be a subject of the judicial review.
  548  If, at any time, the court determines that the child has not
  549  been sexually exploited or that the child has been sexually
  550  exploited but is not appropriate for placement in a secure safe
  551  house, the court shall order the department to place the child
  552  in the least restrictive setting that is best suited to meet the
  553  child’s needs.
  554         (d) After the initial review, the court must review the
  555  child’s treatment plan every 60 days until the child no longer
  556  requires placement in the secure safe house, or until the child
  557  has resided in the secure safe house for 10 months. If the child
  558  has resided in the secure safe house for 9 months, a court
  559  hearing shall be held to determine an appropriate setting and
  560  appropriate services for the child.
  561         Section 6. The Office of Program Policy Analysis and
  562  Government Accountability (OPPAGA) shall conduct a study on
  563  commercial sexual exploitation of children in Florida. The study
  564  shall assess the extent of commercial sexual exploitation of
  565  children, including but not limited to its prevalence in various
  566  regions of the state. The study shall also identify specialized
  567  services needed by sexually exploited children and any gaps in
  568  the availability of such services by region, including but not
  569  limited to residential services and specialized therapies. The
  570  study shall analyze the effectiveness of safe houses, safe
  571  foster homes, and other residential options for serving sexually
  572  exploited children in addressing their safety, therapeutic,
  573  health, educational, and emotional needs, including but not
  574  limited to, the nature and appropriateness of subsequent
  575  placements, extent of sexual exploitation post-placement, and
  576  educational attainment. By July 1, 2017, OPPAGA shall report its
  577  findings to the Governor, the President of the Senate, and the
  578  Speaker of the House of Representatives.
  579         Section 7. This act shall take effect July 1, 2014.