2014 Legislature CS for CS for CS for SB 542, 2nd Engrossed
3 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:Section 1. Paragraph (b) of subsection (2) of section 627.062, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:627.062 Rate standards.—(2) As to all such classes of insurance:(b) Upon receiving a rate filing, the office shall review the filing to determine if a rate is excessive, inadequate, or unfairly discriminatory. In making that determination, the office shall, in accordance with generally accepted and reasonable actuarial techniques, consider the following factors:1. Past and prospective loss experience within and without this state.2. Past and prospective expenses.3. The degree of competition among insurers for the risk insured.4. Investment income reasonably expected by the insurer, consistent with the insurer’s investment practices, from investable premiums anticipated in the filing, plus any other expected income from currently invested assets representing the amount expected on unearned premium reserves and loss reserves. The commission may adopt rules using reasonable techniques of actuarial science and economics to specify the manner in which insurers calculate investment income attributable to classes of insurance written in this state and the manner in which investment income is used to calculate insurance rates. Such manner must contemplate allowances for an underwriting profit factor and full consideration of investment income that produces
which produce a reasonable rate of return; however, investment income from invested surplus may not be considered.5. The reasonableness of the judgment reflected in the filing.6. Dividends, savings, or unabsorbed premium deposits allowed or returned to Florida policyholders, members, or subscribers in this state.7. The adequacy of loss reserves.8. The cost of reinsurance. The office may not disapprove a rate as excessive solely due to the insurer having obtained catastrophic reinsurance to cover the insurer’s estimated 250-year probable maximum loss or any lower level of loss.9. Trend factors, including trends in actual losses per insured unit for the insurer making the filing.10. Conflagration and catastrophe hazards, if applicable.11. Projected hurricane losses, if applicable, which must be estimated using a model or method found to be acceptable or reliable by the Florida Commission on Hurricane Loss Projection Methodology, and as further provided in s. 627.0628.12. Projected flood losses for personal residential property insurance, if applicable, which may be estimated using a model or method, or a straight average of model results or output ranges, independently found to be acceptable or reliable by the Florida Commission on Hurricane Loss Projection Methodology and as further provided in s. 627.0628.13. 12. A reasonable margin for underwriting profit and contingencies.14. 13. The cost of medical services, if applicable.15. 14. Other relevant factors that affect the frequency or severity of claims or expenses.The provisions of this subsection do not apply to workers’ compensation, employer’s liability insurance, and motor vehicle insurance.Section 2. Subsection (3) of section 627.0628, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:627.0628 Florida Commission on Hurricane Loss Projection Methodology; public records exemption; public meetings exemption.—(3) ADOPTION AND EFFECT OF STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES.—(a) The commission shall consider any actuarial methods, principles, standards, models, or output ranges that have the potential for improving the accuracy of or reliability of the hurricane loss projections used in residential property insurance rate filings and flood loss projections used in rate filings for personal lines residential flood insurance coverage. The commission shall, from time to time, adopt findings as to the accuracy or reliability of particular methods, principles, standards, models, or output ranges.(b) The commission shall consider any actuarial methods, principles, standards, or models that have the potential for improving the accuracy of or reliability of projecting probable maximum loss levels. The commission shall adopt findings as to the accuracy or reliability of particular methods, principles, standards, or models related to probable maximum loss calculations.(c) In establishing reimbursement premiums for the Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund, the State Board of Administration must, to the extent feasible, employ actuarial methods, principles, standards, models, or output ranges found by the commission to be accurate or reliable.(d) With respect to a rate filing under s. 627.062, an insurer shall employ and may not modify or adjust actuarial methods, principles, standards, models, or output ranges found by the commission to be accurate or reliable in determining hurricane loss factors for use in a rate filing under s. 627.062. An insurer shall employ and may not modify or adjust models found by the commission to be accurate or reliable in determining probable maximum loss levels pursuant to paragraph (b) with respect to a rate filing under s. 627.062 made more than 60 days after the commission has made such findings. This paragraph does not prohibit an insurer from using a straight average of model results or output ranges for the purposes of a rate filing for personal lines residential flood insurance coverage under s. 627.062.(e) The commission shall adopt actuarial methods, principles, standards, models, or output ranges for personal lines residential flood loss no later than July 1, 2017.(f) (e) The commission shall revise adopt revisions to previously adopted actuarial methods, principles, standards, models, or output ranges every odd-numbered odd year.(g) (f)1. A trade secret, as defined in s. 688.002, that is used in designing and constructing a hurricane loss model and that is provided pursuant to this section, by a private company, to the commission, office, or consumer advocate appointed pursuant to s. 627.0613, is confidential and exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution.2.a. That portion of a meeting of the commission or of a rate proceeding on an insurer’s rate filing at which a trade secret made confidential and exempt by this paragraph is discussed is exempt from s. 286.011 and s. 24(b), Art. I of the State Constitution. The closed meeting must be recorded, and no portion of the closed meeting may be off the record.b. The recording of a closed portion of a meeting is exempt from s. 119.07(1) and s. 24(a), Art. I of the State Constitution.c. This subparagraph is subject to the Open Government Sunset Review Act in accordance with s. 119.15 and shall stand repealed on October 2, 2015, unless reviewed and saved from repeal through reenactment by the Legislature.Section 3. Section 627.715, Florida Statutes, is created to read:627.715 Flood insurance.—An authorized insurer may issue an insurance policy, contract, or endorsement providing personal lines residential coverage for the peril of flood on any structure or the contents of personal property contained therein, subject to this section. This section does not apply to commercial lines residential or commercial lines nonresidential coverage for the peril of flood. This section also does not apply to coverage for the peril of flood that is excess coverage over any other insurance covering the peril of flood. An insurer may issue flood insurance policies, contracts, or endorsements on a standard, preferred, customized, or supplemental basis.(1)(a)1. Standard flood insurance must cover only losses from the peril of flood, as defined in paragraph (b), equivalent to that provided under a standard flood insurance policy under the National Flood Insurance Program. Standard flood insurance issued under this section must provide the same coverage, including deductibles and adjustment of losses, as that provided under a standard flood insurance policy under the National Flood Insurance Program.2. Preferred flood insurance must include the same coverage as standard flood insurance but:a. Include, within the definition of “flood,” losses from water intrusion originating from outside the structure that are not otherwise covered under the definition of “flood” provided in paragraph (b).b. Include coverage for additional living expenses.c. Require that any loss under personal property or contents coverage that is repaired or replaced be adjusted only on the basis of replacement costs up to the policy limits.3. Customized flood insurance must include coverage that is broader than the coverage provided under standard flood insurance.4. Supplemental flood insurance may provide coverage designed to supplement a flood policy obtained from the National Flood Insurance Program or from an insurer issuing standard or preferred flood insurance pursuant to this section. Supplemental flood insurance may provide, but need not be limited to, coverage for jewelry, art, deductibles, and additional living expenses. Supplemental flood insurance does not include coverage for the peril of flood that is excess coverage over any other insurance covering the peril of flood.(b) “Flood” means a general and temporary condition of partial or complete inundation of two or more acres of normally dry land area or of two or more properties, at least one of which is the policyholder’s property, from:1. Overflow of inland or tidal waters;2. Unusual and rapid accumulation or runoff of surface waters from any source;3. Mudflow; or4. Collapse or subsidence of land along the shore of a lake or similar body of water as a result of erosion or undermining caused by waves or currents of water exceeding anticipated cyclical levels that result in a flood as defined in this paragraph.(2) Any limitations on flood coverage or policy limits pursuant to this section, including, but not limited to, deductibles, must be prominently noted on the policy declarations page or face page.(3)(a) An insurer may establish and use flood coverage rates in accordance with the rate standards provided in s. 627.062.(b) For flood coverage rates filed with the office before October 1, 2019, the insurer may also establish and use such rates in accordance with the rates, rating schedules, or rating manuals filed by the insurer with the office which allow the insurer a reasonable rate of return on flood coverage written in this state. Flood coverage rates established pursuant to this paragraph are not subject to s. 627.062(2)(a) and (f). An insurer shall notify the office of any change to such rates within 30 days after the effective date of the change. The notice must include the name of the insurer and the average statewide percentage change in rates. Actuarial data with regard to such rates for flood coverage must be maintained by the insurer for 2 years after the effective date of such rate change and is subject to examination by the office. The office may require the insurer to incur the costs associated with an examination. Upon examination, the office, in accordance with generally accepted and reasonable actuarial techniques, shall consider the rate factors in s. 627.062(2)(b), (c), and (d), and the standards in s. 627.062(2)(e), to determine if the rate is excessive, inadequate, or unfairly discriminatory.(4) A surplus lines agent may export a contract or endorsement providing flood coverage to an eligible surplus lines insurer without making a diligent effort to seek such coverage from three or more authorized insurers under s. 626.916(1)(a). This subsection expires July 1, 2017.(5) In addition to any other applicable requirements, an insurer providing flood coverage in this state must:(a) Notify the office at least 30 days before writing flood insurance in this state; and(b) File a plan of operation and financial projections or revisions to such plan, as applicable, with the office.(6) Citizens Property Insurance Corporation may not provide insurance for the peril of flood.(7) The Florida Hurricane Catastrophe Fund may not provide reimbursement for losses proximately caused by the peril of flood, including losses that occur during a covered event as defined in s. 215.555(2)(b).(8) An agent obtaining an application for flood coverage from an authorized or surplus lines insurer for a property receiving flood insurance under the National Flood Insurance Program must obtain an acknowledgment signed by the applicant before placing the coverage with the authorized or surplus lines insurer. The acknowledgment must notify the applicant that the full risk rate for flood insurance may apply to the property if such insurance is later obtained under the National Flood Insurance Program.(9) With respect to the regulation of flood coverage written in this state by authorized insurers, this section supersedes any other provision in the Florida Insurance Code in the event of a conflict.Section 4. If federal law or rule requires a certification by a state insurance regulatory official as a condition of qualifying for private flood insurance or disaster assistance, the Commissioner of Insurance Regulation may provide the certification, and such certification is not subject to review under chapter 120, Florida Statutes.Section 5. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.