Florida Senate - 2015 SB 1242 By Senator Hays 11-00786B-15 20151242__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to interstate compacts; creating s. 3 11.95, F.S.; adopting and entering the state into an 4 interstate Compact for a Balanced Budget; exempting 5 the compact from the Article V Constitutional 6 Convention Act; providing the policy, purpose, and 7 intent of the compact; defining terms; providing for 8 proposal by the compact’s member states of an 9 amendment to the United States Constitution requiring 10 the Federal Government to maintain a balanced budget 11 with certain exceptions; requiring member states to 12 strictly comply with the terms of the compact; 13 describing circumstances under which the compact 14 becomes contractually binding on a member state; 15 establishing a Compact Commission and specifying the 16 commission’s membership and duties; providing for 17 appointment of a Compact Administrator and specifying 18 the administrator’s duties; providing for funding of 19 the Compact Commission and Compact Administrator; 20 providing for the member states to apply to the United 21 States Congress for a convention under Article V of 22 the United States Constitution to propose the balanced 23 budget amendment; requiring cooperation among the 24 commission, the member states, and the Compact 25 Administrator; providing for the appointment, terms, 26 duties, and authority of convention delegates; 27 requiring an oath to be taken by delegates; specifying 28 rules to govern procedures at the convention; 29 specifying actions that are considered ultra vires; 30 providing that the balanced budget amendment is not 31 considered ratified until ratified by a specified 32 number of states; providing for construction and 33 enforcement of the compact; providing an effective 34 date for the compact; authorizing severability of the 35 compact under certain circumstances; providing for 36 termination of the compact under certain conditions; 37 providing an effective date. 38 39 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 40 41 Section 1. Section 11.95, Florida Statutes, is created to 42 read: 43 11.95 Compact for a balanced budget.—Notwithstanding the 44 Article V Constitutional Convention Act, ss. 11.93-11.9352, the 45 State of Florida enacts, adopts, and agrees to be bound by the 46 following compact: 47 ARTICLE I 48 DECLARATION OF POLICY, PURPOSE, AND INTENT 49 WHEREAS, every State enacting, adopting, and agreeing to be 50 bound by this Compact intends to ensure that their respective 51 Legislature’s use of the power to originate a Balanced Budget 52 Amendment under Article V of the Constitution of the United 53 States will be exercised conveniently and with reasonable 54 certainty as to the consequences thereof. 55 NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of their expressed mutual 56 promises and obligations, be it enacted by every State enacting, 57 adopting, and agreeing to be bound by this Compact, and resolved 58 by each of their respective Legislatures, as the case may be, to 59 exercise herewith all of their respective powers as set forth 60 herein, notwithstanding any law to the contrary. 61 ARTICLE II 62 DEFINITIONS 63 As used in this Compact, the term: 64 Section 1. “Compact” means this “Compact for a Balanced 65 Budget.” 66 Section 2. “Convention” means the convention for proposing 67 amendments organized by this Compact under Article V of the 68 Constitution of the United States and, where contextually 69 appropriate to ensure the terms of this Compact are not evaded, 70 any other similar gathering or body, which might be organized as 71 a consequence of Congress receiving the application set out in 72 this Compact and claim authority to propose or effectuate any 73 amendment, alteration, or revision to the Constitution of the 74 United States. This term does not encompass a convention for 75 proposing amendments under Article V of the Constitution of the 76 United States that is organized independently of this Compact 77 based on the separate and distinct application of any State. 78 Section 3. “State” means one of the several States of the 79 United States. Where contextually appropriate, the term “State” 80 shall be construed to include all of its branches, departments, 81 agencies, political subdivisions, and officers and 82 representatives acting in their official capacity. 83 Section 4. “Member State” means a State that has enacted, 84 adopted, and agreed to be bound to this Compact. For any State 85 to qualify as a Member State with respect to any other State 86 under this Compact, each such State must have enacted, adopted, 87 and agreed to be bound by substantively identical compact 88 legislation. 89 Section 5. “Compact Notice Recipients” means the Archivist 90 of the United States, the President of the United States, the 91 President of the United States Senate, the Office of the 92 Secretary of the United States Senate, the Speaker of the United 93 States House of Representatives, the Office of the Clerk of the 94 United States House of Representatives, the chief executive 95 officer of each State, and the presiding officer(s) of each 96 house of the Legislatures of the several States. 97 Section 6. Notice. All notices required by this Compact 98 shall be by United States Certified Mail, return receipt 99 requested, or an equivalent or superior form of notice, such as 100 personal delivery documented by evidence of actual receipt. 101 Section 7. “Balanced Budget Amendment” means the following: 102 “ARTICLE ____ 103 “SECTION 1. Total outlays of the government of the United 104 States shall not exceed total receipts of the government of the 105 United States at any point in time unless the excess of outlays 106 over receipts is financed exclusively by debt issued in strict 107 conformity with this article. 108 “SECTION 2. Outstanding debt shall not exceed authorized 109 debt, which initially shall be an amount equal to 105 percent of 110 the outstanding debt on the effective date of this article. 111 Authorized debt shall not be increased above its aforesaid 112 initial amount unless such increase is first approved by the 113 legislatures of the several states as provided in Section 3. 114 “SECTION 3. From time to time, Congress may increase 115 authorized debt to an amount in excess of its initial amount set 116 by Section 2 only if it first publicly refers to the 117 legislatures of the several states an unconditional, single 118 subject measure proposing the amount of such increase, in such 119 form as provided by law, and the measure is thereafter publicly 120 and unconditionally approved by a simple majority of the 121 legislatures of the several states, in such form as provided 122 respectively by state law; provided that no inducement requiring 123 an expenditure or tax levy shall be demanded, offered, or 124 accepted as a quid pro quo for such approval. If such approval 125 is not obtained within 60 calendar days after referral, then the 126 measure shall be deemed disapproved and the authorized debt 127 shall thereby remain unchanged. 128 “SECTION 4. Whenever the outstanding debt exceeds 98 129 percent of the debt limit set by Section 2, the President shall 130 enforce said limit by publicly designating specific expenditures 131 for impoundment in an amount sufficient to ensure outstanding 132 debt shall not exceed the authorized debt. Said impoundment 133 shall become effective 30 days thereafter, unless Congress first 134 designates an alternate impoundment of the same or greater 135 amount by concurrent resolution, which shall become immediately 136 effective. The failure of the President to designate or enforce 137 the required impoundment is an impeachable misdemeanor. Any 138 purported issuance or incurrence of any debt in excess of the 139 debt limit set by Section 2 is void. 140 “SECTION 5. No bill that provides for a new or increased 141 general revenue tax shall become law unless approved by a two 142 thirds roll call vote of the whole number of each House of 143 Congress. However, this requirement shall not apply to any bill 144 that provides for a new end user sales tax which would 145 completely replace every existing income tax levied by the 146 government of the United States; or for the reduction or 147 elimination of an exemption, deduction, or credit allowed under 148 an existing general revenue tax. 149 “SECTION 6. For purposes of this article, “debt” means any 150 obligation backed by the full faith and credit of the government 151 of the United States; “outstanding debt” means all debt held in 152 any account and by any entity at a given point in time; 153 “authorized debt” means the maximum total amount of debt that 154 may be lawfully issued and outstanding at any single point in 155 time under this article; “total outlays of the government of the 156 United States” means all expenditures of the government of the 157 United States from any source; “total receipts of the government 158 of the United States” means all tax receipts and other income of 159 the government of the United States, excluding proceeds from its 160 issuance or incurrence of debt or any type of liability; 161 “impoundment” means a proposal not to spend all or part of a sum 162 of money appropriated by Congress; and “general revenue tax” 163 means any income tax, sales tax, or value-added tax levied by 164 the government of the United States excluding imposts and 165 duties. 166 “SECTION 7. This article is immediately operative upon 167 ratification, self-enforcing, and Congress may enact conforming 168 legislation to facilitate enforcement.” 169 ARTICLE III 170 COMPACT MEMBERSHIP AND WITHDRAWAL 171 Section 1. This Compact governs each Member State to the 172 fullest extent permitted by its respective constitution, 173 superseding and repealing any conflicting or contrary law. 174 Section 2. By becoming a Member State, each such State 175 offers, promises, and agrees to perform and comply strictly in 176 accordance with the terms and conditions of this Compact, and 177 has made such offer, promise, and agreement in anticipation and 178 consideration of, and in substantial reliance upon, such mutual 179 and reciprocal performance and compliance by each other current 180 and future Member State, if any. Accordingly, in addition to 181 having the force of law in each Member State upon its respective 182 effective date, this Compact and each of its Articles shall also 183 be construed as contractually binding each Member State when: 184 (a) At least one other State has likewise become a Member 185 State by enacting substantively identical legislation adopting 186 and agreeing to be bound by this Compact; and 187 (b) Notice of such State’s Member State status is or has 188 been seasonably received by the Compact Administrator, if any, 189 or otherwise by the chief executive officer of each other Member 190 State. 191 Section 3. For purposes of determining Member State status 192 under this Compact, as long as all other provisions of the 193 Compact remain identical and operative on the same terms, 194 legislation enacting, adopting, and agreeing to be bound by this 195 Compact shall be deemed and regarded as “substantively 196 identical” with respect to such other legislation enacted by 197 another State, notwithstanding: 198 (a) Any difference in Section 2 of Article IV with specific 199 regard to the respectively enacting State’s own method of 200 appointing its member to the Commission; 201 (b) Any difference in Section 5 of Article IV with specific 202 regard to the respectively enacting State’s own obligation to 203 fund the Commission; 204 (c) Any difference in Sections 1 and 2 of Article VI with 205 specific regard to the number and identity of each delegate 206 respectively appointed on behalf of the enacting State, provided 207 that no more than three delegates may attend and participate in 208 the Convention on behalf of any State; or 209 (d) Any difference in Section 7 of Article X with specific 210 regard to the respectively enacting State as to whether Section 211 1 of Article V of this Compact shall survive termination of the 212 Compact, and thereafter become a continuing resolution of the 213 Legislature of such State applying to Congress for the calling 214 of a Convention of the States under Article V of the 215 Constitution of the United States, under such terms and 216 limitations as may be specified by such State. 217 Section 4. When fewer than three-fourths of the States are 218 Member States, any Member State may withdraw from this Compact 219 by enacting appropriate legislation, as determined by state law, 220 and giving notice of such withdrawal to the Compact 221 Administrator, if any, or otherwise to the chief executive 222 officer of each other Member State. A withdrawal shall not 223 affect the validity or applicability of the Compact with respect 224 to remaining Member States, provided that there remain at least 225 two such States. However, once at least three-fourths of the 226 States are Member States, then no Member State may withdraw from 227 the Compact prior to its termination absent unanimous consent of 228 all Member States. 229 ARTICLE IV 230 COMPACT COMMISSION AND COMPACT ADMINISTRATOR 231 Section 1. Nature of the Compact Commission.—The Compact 232 Commission (“Commission”) is hereby established. It has the 233 power and duty: 234 (a) To appoint and oversee a Compact Administrator; 235 (b) To encourage States to join the Compact and Congress to 236 call the Convention in accordance with this Compact; 237 (c) To coordinate the performance of obligations under the 238 Compact; 239 (d) To oversee the Convention’s logistical operations as 240 appropriate to ensure this Compact governs its proceedings; 241 (e) To oversee the defense and enforcement of the Compact 242 in appropriate legal venues; 243 (f) To request funds and to disburse those funds to support 244 the operations of the Commission, Compact Administrator, and 245 Convention; and 246 (g) To cooperate with any entity that shares a common 247 interest with the Commission and engages in policy research, 248 public interest litigation, or lobbying in support of the 249 purposes of the Compact. 250 251 The Commission shall only have such implied powers as are 252 essential to carrying out these express powers and duties. It 253 shall take no action that contravenes or is inconsistent with 254 this Compact or any law of any State that is not superseded by 255 this Compact. It may adopt and publish corresponding bylaws and 256 policies. 257 Section 2. Commission Membership.—The Commission initially 258 consists of three unpaid members. Each Member State may appoint 259 one member to the Commission through an appointment process to 260 be determined by its respective chief executive officer until 261 all positions on the Commission are filled. Positions shall be 262 assigned to appointees in the order in which their respective 263 appointing States became Member States. The bylaws of the 264 Commission may expand its membership to include representatives 265 of additional Member States and to allow for modest salaries and 266 reimbursement of expenses if adequate funding exists. 267 Section 3. Commission Action.—Each Commission member is 268 entitled to one vote. The Commission shall not act unless a 269 majority of its appointed membership is present, and no action 270 shall be binding unless approved by a majority of the 271 Commission’s appointed membership. The Commission shall meet at 272 least once a year, and may meet more frequently. 273 Section 4. First Order of Business.—The Commission shall at 274 the earliest possible time elect from among its membership a 275 Chair, determine a primary place of doing business, and appoint 276 a Compact Administrator. 277 Section 5. Funding.—The Commission and the Compact 278 Administrator’s activities shall be funded exclusively by each 279 Member State, as determined by its respective state law, or by 280 voluntary donations. 281 Section 6. Compact Administrator.—The Compact Administrator 282 has the power and duty: 283 (a) To timely notify the States of the date, time, and 284 location of the Convention; 285 (b) To organize and direct the logistical operations of the 286 Convention; 287 (c) To maintain an accurate list of all Member States and 288 their appointed delegates, including contact information; and 289 (d) To formulate, transmit, and maintain all official 290 notices, records, and communications relating to this Compact. 291 292 The Compact Administrator shall only have such implied powers as 293 are essential to carrying out these express powers and duties 294 and shall take no action that contravenes or is inconsistent 295 with this Compact or any law of any State that is not superseded 296 by this Compact. The Compact Administrator serves at the 297 pleasure of the Commission and must keep the Commission 298 seasonably apprised of the performance or nonperformance of the 299 terms and conditions of this Compact. Any notice sent by a 300 Member State to the Compact Administrator concerning this 301 Compact shall be adequate notice to each other Member State 302 provided that a copy of said notice is seasonably delivered by 303 the Compact Administrator to each other Member State’s 304 respective chief executive officer. 305 Section 7. Notice of Key Events.—Upon the occurrence of 306 each of the following described events, or otherwise as soon as 307 possible, the Compact Administrator shall immediately send the 308 following notices to all Compact Notice Recipients, together 309 with certified conforming copies of the chaptered version of 310 this Compact as maintained in the statutes of each Member State: 311 (a) Whenever any State becomes a Member State, notice of 312 that fact shall be given; 313 (b) Once at least three-fourths of the States are Member 314 States, notice of that fact shall be given together with a 315 statement declaring that the Legislatures of at least two-thirds 316 of the several States have applied for a Convention for 317 proposing amendments under Article V of the Constitution of the 318 United States, petitioning Congress to call the Convention 319 contemplated by this Compact, and further requesting cooperation 320 in organizing the same in accordance with this Compact; 321 (c) Once Congress has called the Convention contemplated by 322 this Compact, and whenever the date, time, and location of the 323 Convention has been determined, notice of that fact shall be 324 given together with the date, time, and location of the 325 Convention and other essential logistical matters; 326 (d) Upon approval of the Balanced Budget Amendment by the 327 Convention, notice of that fact shall be given together with the 328 transmission of certified copies of such approved proposed 329 amendment and a statement requesting Congress to refer the same 330 for ratification by three-fourths of the Legislatures of the 331 several States under Article V of the Constitution of the United 332 States; however, in no event shall any proposed amendment other 333 than the Balanced Budget Amendment be transmitted; and 334 (e) When any Article of this Compact prospectively 335 ratifying the Balanced Budget Amendment becomes effective in any 336 Member State, notice of the same shall be given together with a 337 statement declaring such ratification and further requesting 338 cooperation in ensuring that the official record confirms and 339 reflects the effective corresponding amendment to the 340 Constitution of the United States. 341 342 However, whenever any Member State enacts appropriate 343 legislation, as determined by the laws of the respective state, 344 withdrawing from this Compact, the Compact Administrator shall 345 immediately send certified conforming copies of the chaptered 346 version of such withdrawal legislation as maintained in the 347 statutes of each such withdrawing Member State, solely to each 348 chief executive officer of each remaining Member State, giving 349 notice of such withdrawal. 350 Section 8. Cooperation.—The Commission, Member States, and 351 Compact Administrator shall cooperate with each other and give 352 each other mutual assistance in enforcing this Compact and shall 353 give the chief law enforcement officer of each other Member 354 State any information or documents that are reasonably necessary 355 to facilitate the enforcement of this Compact. 356 Section 9. Effective Date of Article.—This Article does not 357 take effect until there are at least two Member States. 358 ARTICLE V 359 RESOLUTION APPLYING FOR CONVENTION 360 Section 1. Be it resolved, as provided for in Article V of 361 the Constitution of the United States, the Legislature of each 362 Member State herewith applies to Congress for the calling of a 363 convention for proposing amendments limited to the subject 364 matter of proposing for ratification the Balanced Budget 365 Amendment. 366 Section 2. Congress is further petitioned to refer the 367 Balanced Budget Amendment to the States for ratification by 368 three-fourths of their respective Legislatures. 369 Section 3. This Article does not take effect until at least 370 three-fourths of the several States are Member States. 371 ARTICLE VI 372 DELEGATE APPOINTMENT, LIMITATIONS, AND INSTRUCTIONS 373 Section 1. Number of Delegates.—Each Member State shall be 374 entitled to delegates as the sole and exclusive representatives 375 at the Convention as set forth in this Article. 376 Section 2. Identity of Delegates.—The then serving 377 President of the Senate, or his or her designee, and the then 378 serving Speaker of the House of Representatives, or his or her 379 designee, are appointed to represent Florida as its sole and 380 exclusive delegates. 381 Section 3. Replacement or Recall of Delegates.—A delegate 382 appointed hereunder may be replaced or recalled by the 383 Legislature of his or her respective State at any time for good 384 cause, such as criminal misconduct or the violation of this 385 Compact. If replaced or recalled, any delegate previously 386 appointed hereunder must immediately vacate the Convention and 387 return to his or her respective State’s capitol. 388 Section 4. Oath.—The power and authority of a delegate 389 under this Article may only be exercised after the Convention is 390 first called by Congress in accordance with this Compact and 391 such appointment is duly accepted by such appointee publicly 392 taking the following oath or affirmation: “I do solemnly swear 393 (or affirm) that I accept this appointment and will act strictly 394 in accordance with the terms and conditions of the Compact for a 395 Balanced Budget, the Constitution of the State I represent, and 396 the Constitution of the United States. I understand that 397 violating this oath (or affirmation) forfeits my appointment and 398 may subject me to other penalties as provided by law.” 399 Section 5. Term.—The term of a delegate then serving as the 400 President of the Senate or the Speaker of the House of 401 Representatives, or their designees, commences upon acceptance 402 of appointment and terminates upon the permanent adjournment of 403 the Convention, unless shortened by recall, replacement, or 404 forfeiture under this Article. Upon expiration of such term, any 405 person formerly serving as a delegate must immediately withdraw 406 from and cease participation at the Convention, if any is 407 proceeding. 408 Section 6. Delegate Authority.—The power and authority of 409 any delegate appointed hereunder is strictly limited: 410 (a) To introducing, debating, voting upon, proposing, and 411 enforcing the Convention Rules specified in this Compact, as 412 needed to ensure those rules govern the Convention; and 413 (b) To introducing, debating, voting upon, and rejecting or 414 proposing for ratification the Balanced Budget Amendment. 415 416 All actions taken by any delegate in violation of this section 417 are void ab initio. 418 Section 7. Delegate Authority.—No delegate of any Member 419 State may introduce, debate, vote upon, reject, or propose for 420 ratification any constitutional amendment at the Convention 421 unless: 422 (a) The Convention Rules specified in this Compact govern 423 the Convention and its actions; and 424 (b) The constitutional amendment is the Balanced Budget 425 Amendment. 426 Section 8. Delegate Authority.—The power and authority of 427 any delegate at the Convention does not include any power or 428 authority associated with any other public office held by the 429 delegate. Any person appointed to serve as a delegate shall take 430 a temporary leave of absence, or otherwise shall be deemed 431 temporarily disabled, from any other public office held by the 432 delegate while attending the Convention, and may not exercise 433 any power or authority associated with any other public office 434 held by the delegate, while attending the Convention. All 435 actions taken by any delegate in violation of this section are 436 void ab initio. 437 Section 9. Order of Business.—Before introducing, debating, 438 voting upon, rejecting, or proposing for ratification any 439 constitutional amendment at the Convention, each delegate of 440 every Member State must first ensure the Convention Rules in 441 this Compact govern the Convention and its actions. Every 442 delegate and each Member State must immediately vacate the 443 Convention and notify the Compact Administrator by the most 444 effective and expeditious means if the Convention Rules in this 445 Compact are not adopted to govern the Convention and its 446 actions. 447 Section 10. Forfeiture of Appointment.—If any Member State 448 or delegate violates any provision of this Compact, then every 449 delegate of that Member State immediately forfeits his or her 450 appointment, and shall immediately cease participation at the 451 Convention, vacate the Convention, and return to his or her 452 respective State’s capitol. 453 Section 11. Expenses.—A delegate appointed hereunder is 454 entitled to reimbursement of reasonable expenses for attending 455 the Convention from his or her respective Member State. No 456 delegate may accept any other form of remuneration or 457 compensation for service under this Compact. 458 ARTICLE VII 459 CONVENTION RULES 460 Section 1. Nature of the Convention.—The Convention shall 461 be organized, construed, and conducted as a body exclusively 462 representing and constituted by the several States. 463 Section 2. Agenda of the Convention.—The agenda of the 464 Convention shall be entirely focused upon and exclusively 465 limited to introducing, debating, voting upon, and rejecting or 466 proposing for ratification the Balanced Budget Amendment under 467 the Convention Rules specified in this Article and in accordance 468 with the Compact. It shall not be in order for the Convention to 469 consider any matter that is outside the scope of this agenda. 470 Section 3. Delegate Identity and Procedure.—States shall be 471 represented at the Convention through duly appointed delegates. 472 The number, identity, and authority of delegates assigned to 473 each State shall be determined by this Compact in the case of 474 Member States or, in the case of States that are not Member 475 States, by their respective state laws. However, to prevent 476 disruption of proceedings, no more than three delegates may 477 attend and participate in the Convention on behalf of any State. 478 A certified chaptered conforming copy of this Compact, together 479 with government-issued photographic proof of identification, 480 shall suffice as credentials for delegates of Member States. Any 481 commission for delegates of States that are not Member States 482 shall be based on its respective state laws, but it shall 483 furnish credentials that are at least as reliable as those 484 required of Member States. 485 Section 4. Voting.—Each State represented at the Convention 486 shall have one vote, exercised by the vote of that State’s 487 delegate in the case of States represented by one delegate, or, 488 in the case of any State that is represented by more than one 489 delegate, by the majority vote of that State’s respective 490 delegates. 491 Section 5. Quorum.—A majority of the several States of the 492 United States, each present through its respective delegate in 493 the case of any State that is represented by one delegate, or 494 through a majority of its respective delegates, in the case of 495 any State that is represented by more than one delegate, shall 496 constitute a quorum for the transaction of any business on 497 behalf of the Convention. 498 Section 6. Action by the Convention.—The Convention shall 499 only act as a committee of the whole, chaired by the delegate 500 representing the first State to have become a Member State, if 501 that State is represented by one delegate, or otherwise by the 502 delegate chosen by the majority vote of that State’s respective 503 delegates. The transaction of any business on behalf of the 504 Convention, including the designation of a Secretary, the 505 adoption of parliamentary procedures, and the rejection or 506 proposal of any constitutional amendment, requires a quorum to 507 be present and a majority affirmative vote of those States 508 constituting the quorum. 509 Section 7. Emergency Suspension and Relocation of the 510 Convention.—In the event that the Chair of the Convention 511 declares an emergency due to disorder or an imminent threat to 512 public health and safety prior to the completion of the business 513 on the Agenda, and a majority of the States present at the 514 Convention do not object to such declaration, further Convention 515 proceedings shall be temporarily suspended and the Commission 516 shall subsequently relocate or reschedule the Convention to 517 resume proceedings in an orderly fashion in accordance with the 518 terms and conditions of this Compact with prior notice given to 519 the Compact Notice Recipients. 520 Section 8. Parliamentary Procedure.—In adopting, applying, 521 and formulating parliamentary procedure, the Convention shall 522 exclusively adopt, apply, or appropriately adapt provisions of 523 the most recent editions of Robert’s Rules of Order and the 524 American Institute of Parliamentarians Standard Code of 525 Parliamentary Procedure. In adopting, applying, or adapting 526 parliamentary procedure, the Convention shall exclusively 527 consider analogous precedent arising within the jurisdiction of 528 the United States. Parliamentary procedures adopted, applied, or 529 adapted pursuant to this section shall not obstruct, override, 530 or otherwise conflict with this Compact. 531 Section 9. Transmittal.—Upon approval of the Balanced 532 Budget Amendment by the Convention to propose for ratification, 533 the Chair of the Convention shall immediately transmit certified 534 copies of such approved proposed amendment to the Compact 535 Administrator and all Compact Notice Recipients, notifying them 536 respectively of such approval and requesting Congress to refer 537 the same for ratification by the States under Article V of the 538 Constitution of the United States. However, in no event shall 539 any proposed amendment other than the Balanced Budget Amendment 540 be transmitted as aforesaid. 541 Section 10. Transparency.—Records of the Convention, 542 including the identities of all attendees and detailed minutes 543 of all proceedings, shall be kept by the Chair of the Convention 544 or Secretary designated by the Convention. All proceedings and 545 records of the Convention shall be open to the public upon 546 request subject to reasonable regulations adopted by the 547 Convention that are closely tailored to preventing disruption of 548 proceedings under this Article. 549 Section 11. Adjournment of the Convention.—The Convention 550 shall permanently adjourn upon the earlier of twenty-four (24) 551 hours after commencing proceedings under this Article or the 552 completion of the business on its Agenda. 553 ARTICLE VIII 554 PROHIBITION ON ULTRA VIRES CONVENTION 555 Section 1. Member States shall not participate in the 556 Convention unless: 557 (a) Congress first calls the Convention in accordance with 558 this Compact; and 559 (b) The Convention Rules of this Compact are adopted by the 560 Convention as its first order of business. 561 Section 2. Any proposal or action of the Convention is void 562 ab initio and issued by a body that is conducting itself in an 563 unlawful and ultra vires fashion if that proposal or action: 564 (a) Violates or was approved in violation of the Convention 565 Rules or the delegate instructions and limitations on delegate 566 authority specified in this Compact; 567 (b) Purports to propose or effectuate a mode of 568 ratification that is not specified in Article V of the 569 Constitution of the United States; or 570 (c) Purports to propose or effectuate the formation of a 571 new government. 572 573 All Member States are prohibited from advancing or assisting in 574 the advancement of any such proposal or action. 575 Section 3. Member States shall not ratify or otherwise 576 approve any proposed amendment, alteration, or revision to the 577 Constitution of the United States, which originates from the 578 Convention, other than the Balanced Budget Amendment. 579 ARTICLE IX 580 RESOLUTION PROSPECTIVELY RATIFYING THE BALANCED BUDGET AMENDMENT 581 Section 1. Each Member State, by and through its respective 582 Legislature, hereby adopts and ratifies the Balanced Budget 583 Amendment. 584 Section 2. This Article does not take effect until Congress 585 effectively refers the Balanced Budget Amendment to the States 586 for ratification by three-fourths of the Legislatures of the 587 several States under Article V of the Constitution of the United 588 States. 589 ARTICLE X 590 CONSTRUCTION, ENFORCEMENT, VENUE, AND SEVERABILITY 591 Section 1. Construction of Compact.—To the extent that the 592 effectiveness of this Compact or any of its Articles or 593 provisions requires the alteration of local legislative rules, 594 drafting policies, or procedures to be effective, the enactment 595 of legislation enacting, adopting, and agreeing to be bound by 596 this Compact shall be deemed to waive, repeal, supersede, or 597 otherwise amend and conform all such rules, policies, or 598 procedures to allow for the effectiveness of this Compact to the 599 fullest extent permitted by the constitution of any affected 600 Member State. 601 Section 2. Date and Location of the Convention.—Unless 602 otherwise specified by Congress in its call, the Convention 603 shall be held in Dallas, Texas, and commence proceedings at 9 604 a.m. Central Standard Time on the sixth Wednesday after the 605 latter of the effective date of Article V of this Compact or the 606 enactment date of the Congressional resolution calling the 607 Convention. 608 Section 3. Defense of the Compact.—In addition to all other 609 powers and duties conferred by state law which are consistent 610 with the terms and conditions of this Compact, the chief law 611 enforcement officer of each Member State is empowered to defend 612 the Compact from any legal challenge, as well as to seek civil 613 mandatory and prohibitory injunctive relief to enforce this 614 Compact, and shall take such action whenever the Compact is 615 challenged or violated. 616 Section 4. Venue.—The exclusive venue for all actions in 617 any way arising under this Compact shall be in the United States 618 District Court for the Northern District of Texas or the courts 619 of the State of Texas within the jurisdictional boundaries of 620 the foregoing district court. Each Member State shall submit to 621 the jurisdiction of said courts with respect to such actions. 622 However, upon written request by the chief law enforcement 623 officer of any Member State, the Commission may elect to waive 624 this provision for the purpose of ensuring an action proceeds in 625 the venue that allows for the most convenient and effective 626 enforcement or defense of this Compact. Any such waiver shall be 627 limited to the particular action to which it is applied and not 628 construed or relied upon as a general waiver of this provision. 629 The waiver decisions of the Commission under this provision 630 shall be final and binding on each Member State. 631 Section 5. Effective Date.—The effective date of this 632 Compact and any of its Articles is the latter of: 633 (a) The date of any event rendering the same effective 634 according to its respective terms and conditions; or 635 (b) The earliest date otherwise permitted by law. 636 Section 6. Severability and Invalidity.—Article VIII of 637 this Compact is hereby deemed nonseverable prior to termination 638 of the Compact. However, if any other phrase, clause, sentence, 639 or provision of this Compact, or the applicability of any other 640 phrase, clause, sentence, or provision of this Compact to any 641 government, agency, person, or circumstance, is declared in a 642 final judgment to be contrary to the Constitution of the United 643 States, contrary to the state constitution of any Member State, 644 or is otherwise held invalid by a court of competent 645 jurisdiction, such phrase, clause, sentence, or provision shall 646 be severed and held for naught, and the validity of the 647 remainder of this Compact and the applicability of the remainder 648 of this Compact to any government, agency, person, or 649 circumstance shall not be affected. Furthermore, if this Compact 650 is declared in a final judgment by a court of competent 651 jurisdiction to be entirely contrary to the state constitution 652 of any Member State or otherwise entirely invalid as to any 653 Member State, such Member State shall be deemed to have 654 withdrawn from the Compact, and the Compact shall remain in full 655 force and effect as to any remaining Member State. Finally, if 656 this Compact is declared in a final judgment by a court of 657 competent jurisdiction to be wholly or substantially in 658 violation of Article I, Section 10, of the Constitution of the 659 United States, then it shall be construed and enforced solely as 660 reciprocal legislation enacted by the affected Member State(s). 661 Section 7. Termination.—This Compact shall terminate and be 662 held for naught when the Compact is fully performed and the 663 Constitution of the United States is amended by the Balanced 664 Budget Amendment. However, notwithstanding anything to the 665 contrary set forth in this Compact, in the event such amendment 666 does not occur within 7 years after the first State passes 667 legislation enacting, adopting, and agreeing to be bound to this 668 Compact, the Compact shall terminate as follows: 669 (a) The Commission shall dissolve and wind up its 670 operations within 90 days thereafter, with the Compact 671 Administrator giving notice of such dissolution and the 672 operative effect of this section to the Compact Notice 673 Recipients; and 674 (b) Upon the completed dissolution of the Commission, this 675 Compact shall be deemed terminated, repealed, void ab initio, 676 and held for naught. 677 Section 2. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.