Florida Senate - 2015 SB 1346 By Senator Thompson 12-01167-15 20151346__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to the abuse of a parent; creating s. 3 784.09, F.S.; defining “child” and “parent” for 4 purposes of the crimes of abuse of a parent, 5 aggravated abuse of a parent, exploitation of a 6 parent’s assets, and emotional abuse of a parent; 7 providing the elements of such crimes; providing 8 criminal penalties; authorizing alternative sentencing 9 under certain circumstances; requiring reporting of 10 the abuse of a parent or exploitation of a parent’s 11 assets to the central abuse hotline of the Department 12 of Children and Families; providing immunity for a 13 person who makes such a report; providing an effective 14 date. 15 16 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 17 18 Section 1. Section 784.09, Florida Statutes, is created to 19 read: 20 784.09 Abuse and exploitation of a parent.— 21 (1) As used in this section, the term: 22 (a) “Child” means an unmarried person younger than 18 years 23 of age who has not been emancipated by order of a court. 24 (b) “Parent” means a child’s biological parent. 25 (2) A child commits abuse of a parent if he or she: 26 (a) Inflicts physical injury or threatens to inflict great 27 bodily harm upon a parent; 28 (b) Commits an act that could reasonably be expected to 29 result in physical injury to a parent; or 30 (c) Actively encourages the commission of an act that 31 results or could reasonably be expected to result in physical 32 injury to a parent. 33 (3) A child commits aggravated abuse of a parent if he or 34 she: 35 (a) Commits aggravated battery pursuant to s. 784.045 or 36 aggravated assault pursuant to s. 784.021 of a parent; 37 (b) Falsely imprisons a parent pursuant to s. 787.02; or 38 (c) Causes great bodily harm to, permanent disability of, 39 or permanent disfigurement of a parent. 40 (4) A child commits exploitation of a parent’s assets if he 41 or she: 42 (a) Willfully damages or steals a parent’s physical 43 property; or 44 (b) Engages in activities outside the home that financially 45 intimidate or harm a parent, including, but not limited to, 46 theft, the incurring of fines or other costs for which a parent 47 is financially liable, or making purchases, charges, or 48 financial commitments in a parent’s name. 49 (5) A child commits emotional abuse of a parent if he or 50 she: 51 (a) Induces a parent to take an action under threat; 52 (b) Falsely reports child abuse; or 53 (c) Engages in repeated conduct that results in, or could 54 be reasonably expected to result in, the infliction of physical 55 injury, including repeated threats of great bodily harm or 56 death. 57 (6) A child who violates: 58 (a) Subsection (2) for abuse commits a misdemeanor of the 59 second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 60 775.083. 61 (b) Paragraph (3)(a) for aggravated battery commits a 62 felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 63 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. 64 (c) Paragraph (3)(a) for aggravated assault commits a 65 felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 66 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. 67 (d) Paragraph (3)(b) for false imprisonment commits a 68 felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 787.02. 69 (e) Paragraph (3)(c) for great bodily harm, permanent 70 disability, or permanent disfigurement commits a felony of the 71 first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, 72 or s. 775.084. 73 (f) Subsection (4) for exploitation of assets commits a: 74 1. Misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided 75 in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083, if the value is less than $500. 76 2. Misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided 77 in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083, if the value is $500 or more but 78 less than $5,000. 79 3. Felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 80 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084, if the value is $5,000 or 81 more but less than $10,000. 82 4. Felony of the second degree, punishable as provided in 83 s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084, if the value is $10,000 84 or more but less than $50,000. 85 5. Felony of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 86 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084, if the value is $50,000 or 87 more. 88 (g) Subsection (5) for emotional abuse commits a 89 misdemeanor of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 90 775.082 or s. 775.083. 91 (7) If a child is convicted of aggravated abuse of a parent 92 under subsection (3) or exploitation of a parent’s assets under 93 subsection (4), upon request of the state attorney or defense 94 attorney, the court may reduce a felony charge to a misdemeanor 95 and provide alternative sentencing. Such alternative sentencing 96 may include, but is not limited to, probation or required 97 attendance in specialized intervention programs. 98 (8) A person who knows, or has reasonable cause to suspect, 99 that a parent is being abused or that a parent’s assets are 100 being exploited by his or her child shall report such knowledge 101 or suspicion to the central abuse hotline of the Department of 102 Children and Families. A person who files a report in good faith 103 or participates in an investigation resulting from a report is 104 immune from prosecution for such reporting or participation. 105 Section 2. This act shall take effect October 1, 2015.