Florida Senate - 2015 COMMITTEE AMENDMENT Bill No. SB 656 Ì506468JÎ506468 LEGISLATIVE ACTION Senate . House Comm: RCS . 03/12/2015 . . . . ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— The Committee on Judiciary (Ring) recommended the following: 1 Senate Amendment (with title amendment) 2 3 Delete everything after the enacting clause 4 and insert: 5 Section 1. Section 82.045, Florida Statutes, is created to 6 read: 7 82.045 Remedy for unlawful detention by a transient 8 occupant of residential property.— 9 (1) As used in this section, the term “transient occupant” 10 means a person whose residency in a dwelling intended for 11 residential use has occurred for a brief length of time, is not 12 pursuant to a written lease, and whose occupancy was intended as 13 transient in nature. 14 (a) Factors that establish that a person is a transient 15 occupant include, but are not limited to: 16 1. The person does not have ownership or financial interest 17 in the property entitling him or her to occupancy of the 18 property. 19 2. The person does not have any property utility 20 subscriptions. 21 3. The person does not use the property address as an 22 address of record with any governmental agency, including, but 23 not limited to, the Department of Highway Safety and Motor 24 Vehicles or the supervisor of elections. 25 4. The person does not receive mail at the property. 26 5. The person pays minimal or no rent for his or her stay 27 at the property. 28 6. The person does not have a designated space of his or 29 her own, such as a room, at the property. 30 7. The person has minimal, if any, personal belongings at 31 the property. 32 8. The person has an apparent permanent residence 33 elsewhere. 34 (b) Minor contributions made for the purchase of household 35 goods, or minor contributions towards other household expenses, 36 do not establish residency. 37 (2) A transient occupant unlawfully detains a residential 38 property if the transient occupant remains in occupancy of the 39 residential property after the party entitled to possession of 40 the property has directed the transient occupant to leave. 41 (3) Any law enforcement officer may, upon receipt of a 42 sworn affidavit of the party entitled to possession that a 43 person who is a transient occupant is unlawfully detaining 44 residential property, direct a transient occupant to surrender 45 possession of residential property. A person who fails to comply 46 with the direction of the law enforcement officer to surrender 47 possession or occupancy violates s. 810.08. In any prosecution 48 of a violation of s. 810.08 related to this section, whether the 49 defendant was properly classified as a transient occupant is not 50 an element of the offense, the state is not required to prove 51 that the defendant was in fact a transient occupant, and the 52 status as a permanent resident is not an affirmative defense. A 53 person wrongfully removed pursuant to this subsection has a 54 cause of action for wrongful removal against the person who 55 requested the removal, and may recover injunctive relief and 56 compensatory damages. However, a wrongfully removed person does 57 not have a cause of action against the law enforcement officer 58 or the agency employing the law enforcement officer absent a 59 showing of bad faith by the law enforcement officer. 60 (4) A party entitled to possession of a dwelling has a 61 cause of action for unlawful detainer and removal of a transient 62 occupant. The party entitled to possession is entitled to the 63 summary procedure of s. 51.011 to remove a transient occupant. 64 The party entitled to possession is not required to notify the 65 transient occupant before filing the action. If the court finds 66 that the defendant is a transient occupant the court shall order 67 the clerk to issue a writ of possession placing the plaintiff in 68 possession of the premises, and may award compensatory damages. 69 If the court finds the defendant is not a transient occupant but 70 is instead a tenant of residential property entitled to the 71 protections of part II of chapter 83, the court may not dismiss 72 the action without first allowing the plaintiff to give notice 73 required by that part and to thereafter amend the complaint to 74 pursue eviction under that part. County courts have jurisdiction 75 over actions authorized under this subsection. The filing fee 76 for an action under this subsection is the fee established in s. 77 34.041(1)(a)7. for removal of a tenant. 78 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2015. 79 80 ================= T I T L E A M E N D M E N T ================ 81 And the title is amended as follows: 82 Delete everything before the enacting clause 83 and insert: 84 A bill to be entitled 85 An act relating to unlawful detention by a transient 86 occupant; creating s. 82.045, F.S.; defining the term 87 “transient occupant”; providing factors that establish 88 a transient occupancy; providing for removal of a 89 transient occupant by a law enforcement officer; 90 providing a cause of action for wrongful removal; 91 limiting actions for wrongful removal; providing a 92 civil action for removal of a transient occupant; 93 providing an effective date.