Florida Senate - 2017 SB 1278 By Senator Grimsley 26-00812-17 20171278__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to fuel storage; amending s. 376.3071, 3 F.S.; providing legislative findings; revising 4 legislative intent; specifying that funds in the 5 Inland Protection Trust Fund may be used for certain 6 purposes relating to damage or potential damage to 7 petroleum storage systems caused by ethanol or 8 biodiesel; specifying the maximum funds that may be 9 used for such purposes; specifying the process for 10 petroleum storage system owners or operators to 11 request approval for work and payment from the 12 Department of Environmental Protection; authorizing 13 the department to develop forms for certain procedures 14 and request administrative assistance from the 15 Department of Management Services; specifying that 16 certain costs are not eligible for payment; providing 17 that applications for payment may be submitted on a 18 first-come, first-served basis, with purchase orders 19 subject to certain remaining funds; limiting the 20 amount a storage tank owner or operator may receive 21 annually for such measures; specifying that the 22 department may also pay the cost for certain 23 previously completed repairs, replacement, or other 24 preventive measures relating to damage or potential 25 damage to storage tank systems caused by ethanol or 26 biodiesel; requiring the department to ensure that 27 petroleum storage systems approved after a certain 28 date meet certain standards for ethanol blend, 29 biodiesel blend, and other alternative fuel 30 compatibility; providing effective dates. 31 32 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 33 34 Section 1. Upon the expiration and reversion of the 35 amendments to section 376.3071, Florida Statutes, made pursuant 36 to sections 95 and 126 of chapter 2016-62, Laws of Florida, 37 paragraph (h) is added to subsection (1) of section 376.3071, 38 Florida Statutes, paragraph (a) of subsection (2) of that 39 section and subsection (4) of that section are amended, and 40 subsections (15) and (16) are added to that section, to read: 41 376.3071 Inland Protection Trust Fund; creation; purposes; 42 funding.— 43 (1) FINDINGS.—In addition to the legislative findings set 44 forth in s. 376.30, the Legislature finds and declares: 45 (h) That Congress enacted the Energy Policy Act of 2005, 46 amending the Clean Water Act, to establish a Renewable Fuel 47 Standard requiring the use of ethanol as an oxygenate additive 48 for gasoline and biodiesel as an additive for ultra-low sulfur 49 diesel fuel. An unintended consequence of the inclusion of 50 ethanol in gasoline and biodiesel in diesel fuel has been to 51 cause, and potentially cause, significant corrosion and other 52 damage to storage tanks, piping, and storage tank system 53 components regulated under this chapter. The Legislature further 54 finds that storage tanks, piping, and storage tank system 55 components have been found by the department in its equipment 56 approval process to meet compatibility standards; however, these 57 standards may have subsequently changed due to the introduction 58 of ethanol and biodiesel. This state enacted secondary 59 containment requirements before Congress’ mandated introduction 60 of ethanol into gasoline and biodiesel into ultra-low sulfur 61 diesel fuel. Therefore, owners and operators of petroleum 62 storage facilities in Florida who complied with this state’s 63 secondary containment requirements and installed approved 64 equipment that may not have been evaluated for compatibility 65 with ethanol and biodiesel, cross-contamination due to the 66 storage of gasoline and diesel fuel, and the effects of 67 condensation and minimal amounts of water in storage tanks are 68 at a particular risk for having to repair or replace equipment 69 or take other preventive measures in advance of the end of the 70 equipment’s expected useful life in order to prevent releases or 71 discharges of pollutants. 72 (2) INTENT AND PURPOSE.— 73 (a) It is the intent of the Legislature to establish the 74 Inland Protection Trust Fund to serve as a repository for funds 75 which will enable the department to respond without delay to 76 incidents of inland contamination, and damage or potential 77 damage to storage tank systems caused by ethanol or biodiesel as 78 described in subsection (15) which may result in such incidents, 79 related to the storage of petroleum and petroleum products in 80 order to protect the public health, safety, and welfare and to 81 minimize environmental damage. 82 (4) USES.—Whenever, in its determination, incidents of 83 inland contamination, or potential incidents as provided in 84 subsection (15), related to the storage of petroleum or 85 petroleum products may pose a threat to the public health, 86 safety, or welfare, water resources, or the environment, the 87 department shall obligate moneys available in the fund to 88 provide for: 89 (a) Prompt investigation and assessment of contamination 90 sites. 91 (b) Expeditious restoration or replacement of potable water 92 supplies as provided in s. 376.30(3)(c)1. 93 (c) Rehabilitation of contamination sites, which shall 94 consist of cleanup of affected soil, groundwater, and inland 95 surface waters, using the most cost-effective alternative that 96 is technologically feasible and reliable and that provides 97 adequate protection of the public health, safety, and welfare, 98 and water resources, and that minimizes environmental damage, 99 pursuant to the site selection and cleanup criteria established 100 by the department under subsection (5), except that this 101 paragraph does not authorize the department to obligate funds 102 for payment of costs which may be associated with, but are not 103 integral to, site rehabilitation, such as the cost for 104 retrofitting or replacing petroleum storage systems. 105 (d) Maintenance and monitoring of contamination sites. 106 (e) Inspection and supervision of activities described in 107 this subsection. 108 (f) Payment of expenses incurred by the department in its 109 efforts to obtain from responsible parties the payment or 110 recovery of reasonable costs resulting from the activities 111 described in this subsection. 112 (g) Payment of any other reasonable costs of 113 administration, including those administrative costs incurred by 114 the Department of Health in providing field and laboratory 115 services, toxicological risk assessment, and other assistance to 116 the department in the investigation of drinking water 117 contamination complaints and costs associated with public 118 information and education activities. 119 (h) Establishment and implementation of the compliance 120 verification program as authorized in s. 376.303(1)(a), 121 including contracting with local governments or state agencies 122 to provide for the administration of such program through 123 locally administered programs, to minimize the potential for 124 further contamination sites. 125 (i) Funding of the provisions of ss. 376.305(6) and 126 376.3072. 127 (j) Activities related to removal and replacement of 128 petroleum storage systems, if repair, replacement, or other 129 preventive measures are authorized pursuant to subsection (15), 130 or exclusive of costs of any tank, piping, dispensing unit, or 131 related hardware, if soil removal is approved as a component of 132 site rehabilitation and requires removal of the tank where 133 remediation is conducted under this section, or if such 134 activities were justified in an approved remedial action plan. 135 (k) Reasonable costs of restoring property as nearly as 136 practicable to the conditions which existed before activities 137 associated with contamination assessment or remedial action 138 taken under s. 376.303(4). 139 (l) Repayment of loans to the fund. 140 (m) Expenditure of sums from the fund to cover ineligible 141 sites or costs as set forth in subsection (13), if the 142 department in its discretion deems it necessary to do so. In 143 such cases, the department may seek recovery and reimbursement 144 of costs in the same manner and pursuant to the same procedures 145 established for recovery and reimbursement of sums otherwise 146 owed to or expended from the fund. 147 (n) Payment of amounts payable under any service contract 148 entered into by the department pursuant to s. 376.3075, subject 149 to annual appropriation by the Legislature. 150 (o) Petroleum remediation pursuant to this section 151 throughout a state fiscal year. The department shall establish a 152 process to uniformly encumber appropriated funds throughout a 153 state fiscal year and shall allow for emergencies and imminent 154 threats to public health, safety, and welfare, water resources, 155 and the environment as provided in paragraph (5)(a). This 156 paragraph does not apply to appropriations associated with the 157 free product recovery initiative provided in paragraph (5)(c) or 158 the advanced cleanup program provided in s. 376.30713. 159 (p) Enforcement of this section and ss. 376.30-376.317 by 160 the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. The department 161 shall disburse moneys to the commission for such purpose. 162 (q) Payments for program deductibles, copayments, and 163 limited contamination assessment reports that otherwise would be 164 paid by another state agency for state-funded petroleum 165 contamination site rehabilitation. 166 (r) Repair of, replacement of, or other preventive measures 167 for storage tanks, piping, or system components as provided in 168 subsection (15). Such costs may include equipment, excavation, 169 electrical work, and site restoration. 170 171 The issuance of a site rehabilitation completion order pursuant 172 to subsection (5) or paragraph (12)(b) for contamination 173 eligible for programs funded by this section does not alter the 174 project’s eligibility for state-funded remediation if the 175 department determines that site conditions are not protective of 176 human health under actual or proposed circumstances of exposure 177 under subsection (5). The Inland Protection Trust Fund may be 178 used only to fund the activities in ss. 376.30-376.317 except 179 ss. 376.3078 and 376.3079. Amounts on deposit in the fund in 180 each fiscal year must first be applied or allocated for the 181 payment of amounts payable by the department pursuant to 182 paragraph (n) under a service contract entered into by the 183 department pursuant to s. 376.3075 and appropriated in each year 184 by the Legislature before making or providing for other 185 disbursements from the fund. This subsection does not authorize 186 the use of the fund for cleanup of contamination caused 187 primarily by a discharge of solvents as defined in s. 188 206.9925(6), or polychlorinated biphenyls when their presence 189 causes them to be hazardous wastes, except solvent contamination 190 which is the result of chemical or physical breakdown of 191 petroleum products and is otherwise eligible. Facilities used 192 primarily for the storage of motor or diesel fuels as defined in 193 ss. 206.01 and 206.86 are not excluded from eligibility pursuant 194 to this section. 195 (15) PETROLEUM STORAGE SYSTEM REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT DUE TO 196 DAMAGE CAUSED BY ETHANOL OR BIODIESEL; OTHER PREVENTIVE 197 MEASURES.—The department shall pay, in accordance with this 198 subsection, up to $10 million each fiscal year from the fund for 199 the costs of labor and equipment to repair or replace petroleum 200 storage systems that may have been damaged due to the storage of 201 fuels blended with ethanol or biodiesel, or for preventive 202 measures to reduce the potential for such damage. 203 (a) A petroleum storage system owner or operator may 204 request payment from the department for the repair or 205 replacement of petroleum storage tanks, integral piping, or 206 ancillary equipment that may have been damaged, or is subject to 207 damage, by the storage of fuels blended with ethanol or 208 biodiesel or for other preventive measures to ensure 209 compatibility with ethanol or biodiesel in accordance with the 210 following procedures: 211 1. The petroleum storage system owner or operator may 212 submit a request for payment to the department along with the 213 following information: 214 a. An affidavit from a petroleum storage system specialty 215 contractor attesting to an opinion that the petroleum storage 216 system may have been damaged as a result of the storage of fuel 217 blended with ethanol or biodiesel or may not be compatible with 218 fuels containing ethanol or biodiesel, or a combination of both. 219 The affidavit must also include a proposal from the specialty 220 contractor for repair or replacement of the equipment, or for 221 the implementation of other preventive measures to reduce the 222 probability of damage. If the specialty contractor proposes 223 replacement of any equipment, the specialty contractor must 224 state the reasons that repair or other preventive measures are 225 not technically or economically feasible or practical. 226 b. Copies of any inspection reports, including photographs, 227 prepared by the specialty contractor or department or local 228 program inspectors documenting the damage or potential for 229 damage to the petroleum storage system. 230 c. A proposal from the specialty contractor showing the 231 proposed scope of the repair, replacement, or other preventive 232 measures, including a detailed list of labor, equipment, and 233 other associated costs. In the case of replacement or repair, 234 the proposal must also include provisions for any preventive 235 measures needed to prevent a recurrence of the damage, such as 236 the use of corrosion inhibitors, the application of coatings 237 compatible with ethanol or biodiesel, as appropriate, and the 238 adoption of a maintenance plan. 239 d. For proposals to replace storage tanks or piping, a 240 statement from a certified public accountant indicating the 241 depreciated value of the tanks or piping proposed for 242 replacement. Applications for such proposals must also include 243 documentation of the age of the storage tank or piping. 244 Historical tank registration records may be used to determine 245 the age of the storage tank and piping. The depreciated value 246 shall be the maximum allowable replacement cost for the storage 247 tank and piping, exclusive of labor costs. For the purposes of 248 this paragraph, tanks that are 20 years old or older are deemed 249 to be fully depreciated and have no replacement value. 250 2. The department shall review applications for 251 completeness, accuracy, and the reasonableness of costs and 252 scope of work. The department must, within 30 days after receipt 253 of an application, approve it, deny it, propose modification to 254 it, or request additional information. 255 (b) If an application is approved, the department shall 256 issue a purchase order to the petroleum storage system owner or 257 operator. The purchase order shall: 258 1. Reflect a payment due to the owner for the cost of the 259 scope of work approved by the department, less a deductible of 260 25 percent. 261 2. State that no moneys are due to the owner pursuant to 262 the purchase order until the scope of work authorized by the 263 department has been completed in substantial conformity with the 264 purchase order. 265 3. Except for preventive maintenance contracts, specify 266 that the work authorized in the purchase order must be 267 substantially completed and paid for by the petroleum storage 268 system owner or operator within 180 days after the date of the 269 purchase order. After such time, the purchase order is void. 270 4. For preventive maintenance contracts, the department 271 shall develop a maintenance completion and payment deadline 272 schedule for approved applicants. The failure of an owner or 273 operator to meet these scheduled deadlines shall invalidate the 274 purchase order for all future payments due pursuant to the 275 order. 276 (c)1. Except for maintenance contracts, the applicant may 277 request that the department make payment following completion of 278 the work authorized by the department, in accordance with the 279 terms of the purchase order. The request must include a 280 sufficient demonstration that the work has been completed in 281 substantial conformance with the purchase order and that the 282 costs have been fully paid. Upon such a showing, the department 283 must issue the payment in accordance with the terms of the 284 purchase order. 285 2. For maintenance contracts, the department must make 286 periodic payments in accordance with the schedule specified in 287 the purchase order upon satisfactory showing that maintenance 288 work has been completed and costs have been paid by the owner or 289 operator as specified in the purchase order. 290 (d) The department may develop forms to be used for 291 application and payment procedures. Until such forms are 292 developed, an applicant may submit the required information in 293 any format, as long as the documentation is complete. 294 (e) The department may request the assistance of the 295 Department of Management Services or a third-party administrator 296 to assist in the administration of the application and payment 297 process. Any costs associated with this administration shall be 298 paid from the funds identified in this section. 299 (f) This subsection may not affect the obligations of 300 facility owners or operators or petroleum storage system owners 301 or operators to timely comply with department rules regarding 302 the maintenance, replacement, and repair of petroleum storage 303 systems in order to prevent a release or discharge of 304 pollutants. 305 (g) Payments may not be made for the following: 306 1. Proposal costs or costs related to preparation of the 307 application and required documentation; 308 2. Certified public accountant costs; 309 3. Except as provided in subsection (k), any costs in 310 excess of the amount approved by the department pursuant to 311 paragraph (b) or which are not in substantial conformance with 312 the purchase order; 313 4. Costs associated with storage tanks, piping, or 314 ancillary equipment that has previously been repaired or 315 replaced for which costs have been paid under this section; 316 5. Facilities that are not in compliance with department 317 storage tank rules, until the noncompliance issues have been 318 resolved; or 319 6. Costs associated with damage to petroleum storage 320 systems caused in whole or in part by causes other than the 321 storage of fuels blended with ethanol or biodiesel. 322 (h) Applications may be submitted on a first-come, first 323 served basis. However, the department may not issue purchase 324 orders unless funds remain for the current fiscal year. 325 (i) A petroleum storage system owner or operator may not 326 receive more than $200,000 annually for equipment replacement, 327 repair, or preventive measures at any single facility, or 328 $500,000 annually in aggregate for all facilities it owns or 329 operates. 330 (j) Owners or operators who have incurred costs for repair, 331 replacement, or other preventive measures as described in this 332 subsection during the period of July 1, 2015, through June 30, 333 2017, may apply to request payment for such costs from the 334 department using the procedure in paragraphs (b), (c), and (d). 335 The department may not disburse payment for approved 336 applications for such work until all purchase orders for 337 previously approved applications have been paid and unless funds 338 remain available for the fiscal year. Such payment is subject to 339 a deductible of 25 percent of the cost of the scope of work 340 approved by the department pursuant to the application specified 341 under this paragraph. 342 (16) COMPLIANCE WITH COMPATIBILITY STANDARDS.—The 343 department shall ensure that petroleum storage systems approved 344 after July 1, 2017, meet applicable standards for compatibility 345 for ethanol blends, biodiesel blends, and other alternative 346 fuels that are likely to be stored in such systems. 347 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2017.