Florida Senate - 2017 CS for SB 448 By the Committee on Criminal Justice; and Senator Brandes 591-02385A-17 2017448c1 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to prearrest diversion programs; 3 creating s. 901.40, F.S.; encouraging local 4 communities and public or private educational 5 institutions to implement prearrest diversion programs 6 for certain offenders; encouraging prearrest diversion 7 programs to share information with other prearrest 8 diversion programs; authorizing law enforcement 9 officers, at their sole discretion, to issue a civil 10 citation or similar prearrest diversion program notice 11 to adults under specified circumstances; requiring an 12 adult who is issued a civil citation or similar 13 prearrest diversion program notice by a participating 14 law enforcement agency to report for intake as 15 required by the prearrest diversion program; requiring 16 the program to provide certain appropriate services; 17 requiring that an adult who is issued a civil citation 18 or similar prearrest diversion program notice fulfill 19 a community service requirement; requiring the adult 20 to pay restitution to a victim; requiring the law 21 enforcement officer to determine if there is good 22 cause to arrest an adult who did not successfully 23 complete the program and refer the case to the state 24 attorney or allow the adult to continue in the 25 program; requiring specified entities to create the 26 prearrest diversion program; requiring the entities to 27 develop policies and procedures for the development 28 and operation of the program and to solicit input from 29 other interested stakeholders; authorizing specified 30 entities to operate the program; specifying how the 31 misdemeanor offenses that are eligible for the 32 prearrest diversion program are selected; providing 33 applicability; providing an effective date. 34 35 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 36 37 Section 1. Section 901.40, Florida Statutes, is created to 38 read: 39 901.40 Prearrest diversion programs.— 40 (1) INTENT.—The Legislature encourages local communities 41 and public or private educational institutions to implement 42 prearrest diversion programs that afford certain adults who 43 fulfill specified intervention and community service obligations 44 the opportunity to avoid an arrest record. The Legislature does 45 not mandate that a particular prearrest diversion program for 46 adults be adopted, but finds that the adoption of the model 47 provided in this section would allow certain adults to avoid an 48 arrest record, while ensuring that those adults receive 49 appropriate intervention and fulfill community service 50 obligations. If a prearrest diversion program is implemented, 51 the program is encouraged to share information with other 52 prearrest diversion programs. 53 (2) MODEL PREARREST DIVERSION PROGRAM.—Local communities 54 and public or private educational institutions may adopt a 55 program in which: 56 (a) Law enforcement officers, at their sole discretion, may 57 issue a civil citation or similar prearrest diversion program 58 notice to certain adults who commit a qualifying misdemeanor 59 offense selected by the program. A civil citation or similar 60 prearrest diversion program notice may be issued if the adult: 61 1. Admits that he or she committed the offense or does not 62 contest the offense; and 63 2. Has not previously been arrested and has not received an 64 adult civil citation or similar prearrest diversion program 65 notice, unless the terms of the local adult prearrest diversion 66 program allow otherwise. 67 (b) An adult who receives a civil citation or similar 68 prearrest diversion program notice shall report for intake as 69 required by the local prearrest diversion program and shall be 70 provided appropriate assessment, intervention, education, and 71 behavioral health care services by the program. While in the 72 local prearrest diversion program, the adult shall perform 73 community service hours as specified by the program. The adult 74 shall pay restitution due to the victim as a program 75 requirement. If the adult does not successfully complete the 76 prearrest diversion program, the law enforcement officer shall 77 determine if there is good cause to arrest the adult for the 78 original misdemeanor offense and refer the case to the state 79 attorney to determine if prosecution is appropriate or allow the 80 adult to continue in the program. 81 (3) PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT; IMPLEMENTATION; OPERATION. 82 Representatives of participating law enforcement agencies, a 83 representative of the program services provider, the public 84 defender, the state attorney, and the clerk of the circuit court 85 shall create the prearrest diversion program and develop its 86 policies and procedures, including, but not limited to, 87 eligibility criteria, program implementation and operation, and 88 the determination of the fee, if any, to be paid by adults 89 participating in the program. In developing the policies and 90 procedures for the program, the parties must solicit input from 91 other interested stakeholders. The program may be operated by an 92 entity such as a law enforcement agency, the county or 93 municipality, or another entity selected by the county or 94 municipality. 95 (4) QUALIFYING OFFENSES.—Misdemeanor offenses that qualify 96 the offender for a prearrest diversion program must be selected 97 as part of the program development under subsection (3). 98 (5) APPLICABILITY.—This section does not preempt a county 99 or municipality from enacting noncriminal sanctions for a 100 violation of an ordinance or other violation, and it does not 101 preempt a county, a municipality, or a public or private 102 educational institution from creating its own model for a 103 prearrest diversion program for adults. 104 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2017.