Florida Senate - 2017 SB 774 By Senator Rodriguez 37-01034-17 2017774__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to legislative apportionment and 3 congressional redistricting; creating s. 11.31, F.S.; 4 creating an independent commission on legislative 5 apportionment and congressional redistricting; 6 providing the purpose, duties, and membership of the 7 commission; requiring the Legislature to annually 8 appropriate funds to the commission for employing 9 professional staff and otherwise supporting the 10 commission; requiring the commission’s office to be 11 located in Orange County; requiring the commission to 12 conduct public hearings, and to receive information 13 from residents of the state through specified means; 14 requiring the commission to transmit certain plans to 15 the Legislature for consideration; providing that 16 commission members and employees are subject to public 17 records, public meetings, and specified financial 18 disclosure requirements; prohibiting persons not 19 serving on or employed by the commission from 20 influencing or attempting to influence commission 21 members and employees other than through prescribed 22 processes; providing criminal penalties; providing an 23 effective date. 24 25 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 26 27 Section 1. Section 11.31, Florida Statutes, is created to 28 read: 29 11.31 Independent commission on legislative apportionment 30 and congressional redistricting.— 31 (1)(a) To assist the Legislature in its decennial 32 apportionment of the state into senatorial and representative 33 districts and congressional redistricting, there is created an 34 independent commission on legislative apportionment and 35 congressional redistricting. 36 (b)1. The commission shall coordinate the state’s decennial 37 legislative apportionment and congressional redistricting 38 activities, including, but not limited to, preparing and 39 proposing reapportionment plans and redistricting plans to the 40 Legislature and conducting public hearings on the proposed 41 plans. 42 2. Beginning in 2020, and for each decennial period 43 thereafter, commission members must be appointed before January 44 1, and the first commission meeting must occur before March 1. 45 (2)(a) The commission shall consist of the following nine 46 members, each of whom must be a registered elector of the state: 47 1. One member appointed by the President of the Senate. 48 2. One member appointed by the Speaker of the House of 49 Representatives. 50 3. One member appointed by the Minority Leader of the 51 Senate. 52 4. One member appointed by the Minority Leader of the House 53 of Representatives. 54 5. Five members appointed by the Governor: 55 a. One of whom must be a registered Republican, as 56 designated on his or her voter registration. 57 b. One of whom must be a registered Democrat, as designated 58 on his or her voter registration. 59 c. Three of whom must be registered with a minor political 60 party or have no party affiliation, as designated on his or her 61 voter registration. 62 (b)1. A member must have resided in the state for at least 63 5 years before appointment to the commission. 64 2. A member must have registered with his or her political 65 party, or have no party affiliation, for at least 5 years before 66 appointment to the commission. 67 (c) A commission member may not hold an elected office 68 during his or her service on the commission. 69 (d) Commission members shall serve without compensation but 70 shall be reimbursed for per diem and travel expenses in 71 accordance with s. 112.061. 72 (3) The Legislature shall annually appropriate funds to the 73 commission for employing professional staff, procuring office 74 space and necessary equipment, and other expenses necessary for 75 the staff to perform their duties. The commission’s office shall 76 be located in Orange County. 77 (4)(a) The commission shall conduct public hearings as part 78 of its activities. The commission shall establish and publish in 79 the Florida Administrative Register a schedule of hearings and 80 hearing locations as soon as practicable after its first 81 meeting. 82 (b) The hearing process shall include hearings to receive 83 public input before the commission draws a redistricting or 84 reapportionment map. The commission shall also conduct hearings 85 following the drawing and display of draft redistricting and 86 reapportionment maps. The commission shall display the draft 87 maps to the public for comment in a timely manner to achieve the 88 widest public dissemination reasonably possible. 89 (c) As part of the hearing process, the commission shall 90 create and maintain a website through which residents of the 91 state may submit information. The commission shall also 92 implement procedures allowing residents to submit information by 93 regular mail, telephone, and facsimile. 94 (d) Beginning in 2022, and for each decennial period 95 thereafter, plans developed and approved by the commission shall 96 be transmitted to the Legislature before January 1 to be 97 considered by the Legislature at its next regular session as 98 required by s. 16, Art. III of the State Constitution. 99 (5) In developing district boundaries, the commission must 100 ensure that plans conform to ss. 20 and 21, Art. III of the 101 State Constitution. 102 (6) Commission members and employees are subject to the 103 provisions of chapter 119, relating to public records, and the 104 provisions of chapter 286, relating to public meetings, and 105 shall comply with the applicable financial disclosure 106 requirements of s. 112.3145. 107 (7) Except in the manner provided in subsection (4), it is 108 unlawful for a person not serving on or employed by the 109 commission to influence or attempt to influence a commission 110 member or employee to alter a plan in any way. A person who 111 violates this subsection commits a felony of the third degree, 112 punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084. 113 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2017.