Florida Senate - 2020 SB 1654 By Senator Mayfield 17-01062B-20 20201654__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to biosolids management; creating s. 3 403.08715, F.S.; providing legislative findings; 4 defining the term “biosolids”; prohibiting the 5 department from issuing or renewing certain permits 6 after a specified date; prohibiting the land 7 application of biosolids on certain sites after a 8 specified date; authorizing municipalities and 9 counties to enforce or extend certain ordinances, 10 regulations, resolutions, rules, moratoriums, or 11 policies regarding the land application of biosolids; 12 directing the department to initiate rulemaking by a 13 specified date, adopt specified rules for biosolids 14 management, and implement a specified water quality 15 monitoring program; providing applicability; providing 16 an effective date. 17 18 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 19 20 Section 1. Section 403.08715, Florida Statutes, is created 21 to read: 22 403.08715 Biosolids management.— 23 (1) LEGISLATIVE FINDINGS.—The Legislature finds that it is 24 in the best interest of the state to: 25 (a) Regulate biosolids management to minimize the migration 26 of nutrients, nitrogen, and phosphorus that impair or contribute 27 to the impairment of water bodies. 28 (b) Expedite implementation of the recommendations of the 29 Biosolids Technical Advisory Committee, which include permitting 30 based on site-specific application conditions, increased 31 inspection frequencies, groundwater and surface water monitoring 32 protocols, and nutrient management research to improve the 33 management of biosolids and protect this state’s water resources 34 and water quality. 35 (c) Expedite the implementation of biosolids processing 36 innovative technologies as a means to improve biosolids 37 management and protect water resources and water quality. 38 (2) DEFINITION.—As used in this section, the term 39 “biosolids” has the same meaning as in s. 373.4595(2). 40 (3) PROHIBITED LAND APPLICATION.— 41 (a) Beginning July 1, 2020, the department may not issue a 42 new permit or renew an existing permit for the land application 43 of biosolids for any site where the biosolids application zone 44 interacts with the seasonal high water table. 45 (b) Beginning July 1, 2021, the land application of 46 biosolids is prohibited on any site where the biosolids 47 application zone interacts with the seasonal high water table. 48 (c) A municipality or county may enforce or extend an 49 ordinance, regulation, resolution, rule, moratorium, or policy 50 adopted before November 1, 2019, relating to the land 51 application of Class B biosolids until the ordinance, 52 regulation, resolution, rule, moratorium, or policy is repealed 53 by the municipality or county. 54 (4) RULEMAKING.— 55 (a) For sites that are not subject to the prohibitions 56 imposed under subsection (3), the department shall adopt rules 57 for biosolids management to: 58 1. Permit the use of biosolids in a manner that minimizes 59 the migration of nutrients and that does not impair or add to 60 the impairment of surface water and groundwater quality, 61 including: 62 a. Site-specific land application rates of biosolids based 63 on soil characteristics, soil adsorption capacity, water table 64 characteristics, hydrogeology, site use, and distance to surface 65 water; 66 b. An evaluation of the percentage of water-extractable 67 phosphorus in all biosolids to inform the appropriate 68 application rate; and 69 c. Criteria for low-, medium-, and high-risk sites which 70 guide application practices and required water quality 71 monitoring. 72 2. Establish site-specific groundwater and surface water 73 monitoring requirements. 74 (b) The department shall initiate rulemaking by August 1, 75 2020. 76 (5) WATER QUALITY MONITORING.—The department shall 77 implement an offsite water quality monitoring program sufficient 78 to determine impacts from the land application of biosolids on 79 downstream and nearby surface water and groundwater quality. 80 (6) APPLICABILITY.— 81 (a) This section does not conflict with or supersede s. 82 373.4595 or s. 373.811. 83 (b) This section does not apply to Class AA biosolids that 84 are marketed and distributed as fertilizer products in 85 accordance with department rule. 86 Section 2. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.