Florida Senate - 2021 SB 700
By Senator Rodriguez
1 A bill to be entitled
2 An act relating to telehealth; amending s. 409.908,
3 F.S.; requiring the Agency for Health Care
4 Administration to reimburse the use of telehealth
5 services under certain circumstances and subject to
6 certain limitations; requiring providers to include
7 certain documentation in patient records and notes;
8 authorizing certain out-of-state providers to receive
9 reimbursement for telehealth services; providing an
10 exception; amending s. 456.47, F.S.; revising the
11 definition of the term “telehealth”; authorizing
12 telehealth providers to prescribe specified controlled
13 substances through telehealth under certain
14 circumstances; authorizing nonphysician health care
15 practitioners to satisfy a certain supervision
16 requirement through telehealth; authorizing out-of
17 state physician telehealth providers to engage in
18 formal supervisory relationships with certain
19 nonphysician health care practitioners in this state;
20 providing an exception; amending ss. 458.347 and
21 459.022, F.S.; revising the definition of the term
22 “supervision”; amending s. 465.003, F.S.; revising the
23 definition of the term “pharmacy”; revising
24 construction of the term “not present and on duty”;
25 amending s. 465.014, F.S.; authorizing registered
26 pharmacy technicians to compound and dispense
27 medicinal drugs under certain circumstances; providing
28 an exception to certain supervision limitations;
29 amending s. 465.015, F.S.; providing applicability;
30 exempting certain registered pharmacy technicians from
31 specified prohibitions; creating s. 465.0198, F.S.;
32 defining the term “supervising pharmacy”; providing
33 for the permitting of remote-site pharmacies;
34 requiring a licensed or consultant pharmacist to serve
35 as the prescription department manager of a remote
36 site; requiring remote-site pharmacies to notify the
37 Department of Health of a change in the pharmacy’s
38 prescription department manager within a specified
39 timeframe; providing requirements for remote-site
40 pharmacies; providing that remote-site pharmacies are
41 not considered pharmacy locations for purposes of
42 network access in managed care programs; authorizing
43 remote-site pharmacies to store, hold, and dispense
44 medicinal drugs; prohibiting remote-site pharmacies
45 from performing centralized prescription filling;
46 requiring prescription department managers to visit
47 remote sites, based on a certain schedule, to perform
48 specified tasks; authorizing registered pharmacists to
49 serve as prescription department managers for up to
50 three remote-site pharmacies under certain
51 circumstances; amending s. 465.022, F.S.; exempting
52 registered pharmacists serving as prescription
53 department managers for remote-site pharmacies from
54 certain practice limitations; amending s. 465.0265,
55 F.S.; providing applicability; amending s. 893.05,
56 F.S.; prohibiting telehealth providers from
57 prescribing specified controlled substances through
58 telehealth; providing an effective date.
60 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida:
62 Section 1. Present subsections (22) through (26) of section
63 409.908, Florida Statutes, are redesignated as subsections (23)
64 through (27), respectively, and a new subsection (22) is added
65 to that section, to read:
66 409.908 Reimbursement of Medicaid providers.—Subject to
67 specific appropriations, the agency shall reimburse Medicaid
68 providers, in accordance with state and federal law, according
69 to methodologies set forth in the rules of the agency and in
70 policy manuals and handbooks incorporated by reference therein.
71 These methodologies may include fee schedules, reimbursement
72 methods based on cost reporting, negotiated fees, competitive
73 bidding pursuant to s. 287.057, and other mechanisms the agency
74 considers efficient and effective for purchasing services or
75 goods on behalf of recipients. If a provider is reimbursed based
76 on cost reporting and submits a cost report late and that cost
77 report would have been used to set a lower reimbursement rate
78 for a rate semester, then the provider’s rate for that semester
79 shall be retroactively calculated using the new cost report, and
80 full payment at the recalculated rate shall be effected
81 retroactively. Medicare-granted extensions for filing cost
82 reports, if applicable, shall also apply to Medicaid cost
83 reports. Payment for Medicaid compensable services made on
84 behalf of Medicaid eligible persons is subject to the
85 availability of moneys and any limitations or directions
86 provided for in the General Appropriations Act or chapter 216.
87 Further, nothing in this section shall be construed to prevent
88 or limit the agency from adjusting fees, reimbursement rates,
89 lengths of stay, number of visits, or number of services, or
90 making any other adjustments necessary to comply with the
91 availability of moneys and any limitations or directions
92 provided for in the General Appropriations Act, provided the
93 adjustment is consistent with legislative intent.
94 (22) Subject to any limitations or directions provided in
95 the General Appropriations Act, the agency shall reimburse the
96 use of telehealth as defined by s. 456.47, to include services
97 provided in real time, services provided using store-and-forward
98 technologies, and remote patient monitoring services to the
99 extent that these technologies are available.
100 (a) Providers using any modality described in this
101 subsection must ensure that treatment services are medically
102 necessary and performed within a provider’s scope of practice
103 and any applicable supervision requirements.
104 (b) Providers must include documentation regarding the use
105 of telehealth in the medical record or progress notes for each
106 encounter with a recipient.
107 (c) Out-of-state providers who are registered under s.
108 456.47(4) and enrolled in Florida Medicaid as an out-of-state
109 provider may be reimbursed for telehealth services provided to
110 recipients in this state.
111 (d) Reimbursement under this subsection does not cover the
112 purchase of any general telecommunications equipment that is not
113 specific to or used solely for the provision of telehealth,
114 including, but not limited to, computers, tablets, cell phones,
115 smartphones, or any other similar equipment or device.
116 Section 2. Present paragraphs (h) and (i) of subsection (4)
117 of section 456.47, Florida Statutes, are redesignated as
118 paragraphs (i) and (j), respectively, a new paragraph (h) is
119 added to that subsection, paragraph (f) is added to subsection
120 (2) of that section, and paragraph (a) of subsection (1),
121 paragraph (c) of subsection (2), and paragraph (c) of subsection
122 (4) of that section are amended, to read:
123 456.47 Use of telehealth to provide services.—
124 (1) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term:
125 (a) “Telehealth” means the use of synchronous or
126 asynchronous telecommunications technology by a telehealth
127 provider to provide or supervise the provision of health care
128 services, including, but not limited to, assessment, diagnosis,
129 consultation, treatment, and monitoring of a patient; transfer
130 of medical data; patient and professional health-related
131 education; public health services; and health administration.
132 The term includes
does not include audio-only telephone calls,
133 personal e-mail messages, or facsimile transmissions, and any
134 other nonpublic-facing telecommunications technology.
135 (2) PRACTICE STANDARDS.—
136 (c) A telehealth provider, acting within the scope of his
137 or her practice and in accordance with chapter 893, may not use
138 telehealth to prescribe a controlled substance listed in
139 Schedule III, Schedule IV, or Schedule V of s. 893.03 unless the
140 controlled substance is prescribed for the following:
141 1. The treatment of a psychiatric disorder;
142 2. Inpatient treatment at a hospital licensed under chapter
144 3. The treatment of a patient receiving hospice services as
145 defined in s. 400.601; or
146 4. The treatment of a resident of a nursing home facility
147 as defined in s. 400.021.
148 (f) A nonphysician health care practitioner, including, but
149 not limited to, an advanced practice registered nurse, a
150 certified registered nurse anesthetist, or a physician
151 assistant, who is required to maintain a formal supervisory
152 relationship with a physician may satisfy such requirement
153 through telehealth.
154 (4) REGISTRATION OF OUT-OF-STATE TELEHEALTH PROVIDERS.—
155 (c) The website of a telehealth provider registered under
156 paragraph (b) must prominently display a hyperlink to the
157 department’s website containing information required under
158 paragraph (i) (h).
159 (h) A physician registered under this subsection may use
160 telehealth to engage in a formal supervisory relationship with a
161 nonphysician health care practitioner in this state, including
162 but not limited to, an advanced practice registered nurse, a
163 certified registered nurse anesthetist, or a physician
164 assistant. However, such supervision may not be for the
165 provision of any health care service that requires direct
166 supervision under the applicable laws and rules in this state.
167 Section 3. Paragraph (f) of subsection (2) of section
168 458.347, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
169 458.347 Physician assistants.—
170 (2) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section:
171 (f) “Supervision” means responsible supervision and
172 control. Except in cases of emergency, supervision requires the
173 easy availability or physical presence of the licensed physician
174 for consultation and direction of the actions of the physician
175 assistant. For the purposes of this definition, the term “easy
176 availability” includes the ability to communicate by way of
177 telehealth as defined in s. 456.47(1) telecommunication. The
178 boards shall establish rules as to what constitutes responsible
179 supervision of the physician assistant.
180 Section 4. Paragraph (f) of subsection (2) of section
181 459.022, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
182 459.022 Physician assistants.—
183 (2) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section:
184 (f) “Supervision” means responsible supervision and
185 control. Except in cases of emergency, supervision requires the
186 easy availability or physical presence of the licensed physician
187 for consultation and direction of the actions of the physician
188 assistant. For the purposes of this definition, the term “easy
189 availability” includes the ability to communicate by way of
190 telehealth as defined in s. 456.47(1) telecommunication. The
191 boards shall establish rules as to what constitutes responsible
192 supervision of the physician assistant.
193 Section 5. Subsection (11) of section 465.003, Florida
194 Statutes, is amended to read:
195 465.003 Definitions.—As used in this chapter, the term:
196 (11)(a) “Pharmacy” includes a community pharmacy, an
197 institutional pharmacy, a nuclear pharmacy, a special pharmacy,
198 and an Internet pharmacy, and a remote-site pharmacy.
199 1. The term “community pharmacy” includes every location
200 where medicinal drugs are compounded, dispensed, stored, or sold
201 or where prescriptions are filled or dispensed on an outpatient
203 2. The term “institutional pharmacy” includes every
204 location in a hospital, clinic, nursing home, dispensary,
205 sanitarium, extended care facility, or other facility,
206 hereinafter referred to as “health care institutions,” where
207 medicinal drugs are compounded, dispensed, stored, or sold.
208 3. The term “nuclear pharmacy” includes every location
209 where radioactive drugs and chemicals within the classification
210 of medicinal drugs are compounded, dispensed, stored, or sold.
211 The term “nuclear pharmacy” does not include hospitals licensed
212 under chapter 395 or the nuclear medicine facilities of such
214 4. The term “special pharmacy” includes every location
215 where medicinal drugs are compounded, dispensed, stored, or sold
216 if such locations are not otherwise defined in this subsection.
217 5. The term “Internet pharmacy” includes locations not
218 otherwise licensed or issued a permit under this chapter, within
219 or outside this state, which use the Internet to communicate
220 with or obtain information from consumers in this state and use
221 such communication or information to fill or refill
222 prescriptions or to dispense, distribute, or otherwise engage in
223 the practice of pharmacy in this state. Any act described in
224 this definition constitutes the practice of pharmacy as defined
225 in subsection (13).
226 6. The term “remote-site pharmacy” or “remote site”
227 includes every location where medicinal drugs are compounded or
228 dispensed by a registered pharmacy technician who is remotely
229 supervised by an off-site pharmacist acting in the capacity of a
230 prescription department manager.
231 (b) The pharmacy department of any permittee shall be
232 considered closed whenever a Florida licensed pharmacist is not
233 present and on duty. The term “not present and on duty” may
234 shall not be construed to prevent any of the following:
235 1. A pharmacist from exiting the prescription department
236 for the purposes of consulting or responding to inquiries or
237 providing assistance to patients or customers.
238 2. A pharmacist from , attending to personal hygiene needs.
239 3. A pharmacist from , or performing any other function for
240 which the pharmacist is responsible, provided that such
241 activities are conducted in a manner consistent with the
242 pharmacist’s responsibility to provide pharmacy services.
243 4. An off-site pharmacist, acting in the capacity of a
244 prescription department manager, from remotely supervising a
245 registered pharmacy technician at a remote-site pharmacy.
246 Section 6. Subsection (1) of section 465.014, Florida
247 Statutes, is amended to read:
248 465.014 Pharmacy technician.—
249 (1) A person other than a licensed pharmacist or pharmacy
250 intern may not engage in the practice of the profession of
251 pharmacy, except that a licensed pharmacist may delegate to
252 pharmacy technicians who are registered pursuant to this section
253 those duties, tasks, and functions that do not fall within the
254 purview of s. 465.003(13), and a registered pharmacy technician
255 operating under remote supervision of an off-site pharmacist
256 under s. 465.0198 may compound and dispense medicinal drugs
257 under such supervision. All such delegated acts must be
258 performed under the direct supervision of a licensed pharmacist
259 who is responsible for all such acts performed by persons under
260 his or her supervision. A registered pharmacy technician, under
261 the supervision of a pharmacist, may initiate or receive
262 communications with a practitioner or his or her agent, on
263 behalf of a patient, regarding refill authorization requests. A
264 licensed pharmacist may not supervise more than one registered
265 pharmacy technician, except as provided in s. 465.0198 or unless
266 otherwise permitted by the guidelines adopted by the board. The
267 board shall establish guidelines to be followed by licensees or
268 permittees in determining the circumstances under which a
269 licensed pharmacist may supervise more than one pharmacy
271 Section 7. Paragraph (b) of subsection (1) and paragraph
272 (b) of subsection (2) of section 465.015, Florida Statutes, are
273 amended to read:
274 465.015 Violations and penalties.—
275 (1) It is unlawful for any person to own, operate,
276 maintain, open, establish, conduct, or have charge of, either
277 alone or with another person or persons, a pharmacy:
278 (b) In which a person not licensed as a pharmacist in this
279 state or not registered as an intern in this state or in which
280 an intern who is not acting under the direct and immediate
281 personal supervision of a licensed pharmacist fills, compounds,
282 or dispenses any prescription or dispenses medicinal drugs. This
283 paragraph does not apply to any person who owns, operates,
284 maintains, opens, establishes, conducts, or has charge of a
285 remote site pursuant to s. 465.0198.
286 (2) It is unlawful for any person:
287 (b) To fill, compound, or dispense prescriptions or to
288 dispense medicinal drugs if such person does not hold an active
289 license as a pharmacist in this state, is not registered as an
290 intern in this state, or is an intern not acting under the
291 direct and immediate personal supervision of a licensed
292 pharmacist, or is not a registered pharmacy technician at a
293 remote-site pharmacy acting under remote supervision of a
294 licensed pharmacist pursuant to s. 465.0198.
295 Section 8. Section 465.0198, Florida Statutes, is created
296 to read:
297 465.0198 Remote-site pharmacy permits.—
298 (1) As used in this section, the term “supervising
299 pharmacy” means a pharmacy licensed in this state which employs
300 a licensed pharmacist who remotely supervises a registered
301 pharmacy technician at a remote-site pharmacy.
302 (2) Any person desiring a permit to operate a remote-site
303 pharmacy must apply to the department. If the board certifies
304 that the application complies with the laws and rules of the
305 board, the department must issue the permit. A permit may not be
306 issued unless a licensed pharmacist or consultant pharmacist is
307 designated as the prescription department manager responsible
308 for the oversight of the remote site. The permittee must notify
309 the department within 10 days after any change of the
310 prescription department manager.
311 (3) A remote-site pharmacy must comply with all of the
313 (a) Be jointly owned by or operated under a contract with a
314 supervising pharmacy.
315 (b) Maintain a video surveillance system that records
316 continuously 24 hours per day and retain video surveillance
317 recordings for at least 45 days.
318 (c) Display a sign visible to the public indicating that
319 the location is a remote-site pharmacy and that the facility is
320 under 24-hour video surveillance.
321 (d) Maintain a policies and procedures manual, which must
322 be made available to the board or its agent upon request, and
323 must include, but need not be limited to, all of the following:
324 1. A description of how the pharmacy will comply with
325 federal and state laws and rules.
326 2. The procedures for supervising the remote site and
327 counseling its patients.
328 3. The procedures for reviewing the prescription drug
329 inventory and drug records maintained by the remote site.
330 4. The policies and procedures for providing security
331 adequate to protect the confidentiality and integrity of patient
333 5. The written plan for recovery from an event that
334 interrupts or prevents the prescription department manager from
335 supervising the remote site’s operation.
336 6. The procedures for use of the state prescription drug
337 monitoring program by the prescription department manager before
338 he or she may authorize the dispensing of any controlled
340 7. The procedures for maintaining a perpetual inventory of
341 the controlled substances listed in s. 893.03(2).
342 8. The specific duties, tasks, and functions that
343 registered pharmacy technicians are authorized to perform at the
344 remote site.
345 (4) A remote-site pharmacy is not considered a pharmacy
346 location for purposes of network access in managed care
348 (5) A remote-site pharmacy may store, hold, or dispense any
349 medicinal drug.
350 (6) A remote-site pharmacy may not perform centralized
351 prescription filling as defined in s. 465.003(16).
352 (7) The prescription department manager must visit the
353 remote site, based on a schedule determined by the board, to
354 inspect the pharmacy, address personnel matters, and provide
355 clinical services for patients.
356 (8) A registered pharmacist may serve as the prescription
357 department manager for up to three remote-site pharmacies that
358 are under common control of the same supervising pharmacy.
359 Section 9. Paragraph (c) of subsection (11) of section
360 465.022, Florida Statutes, is amended to read:
361 465.022 Pharmacies; general requirements; fees.—
362 (11) A permittee must notify the department of the identity
363 of the prescription department manager within 10 days after
364 employment. The prescription department manager must comply with
365 the following requirements:
366 (c) A registered pharmacist may not serve as the
367 prescription department manager in more than one location,
368 except as authorized under s. 465.0198, unless approved by the
370 Section 10. Subsection (1) of section 465.0265, Florida
371 Statutes, is amended to read:
372 465.0265 Centralized prescription filling.—
373 (1) A pharmacy licensed under this chapter may perform
374 centralized prescription filling for another pharmacy, provided
375 that the pharmacies have the same owner or have a written
376 contract specifying the services to be provided by each
377 pharmacy, the responsibilities of each pharmacy, and the manner
378 in which the pharmacies will comply with federal and state laws,
379 rules, and regulations. This subsection does not apply to a
380 remote-site pharmacy.
381 Section 11. Paragraph (e) is added to subsection (1) of
382 section 893.05, Florida Statutes, to read:
383 893.05 Practitioners and persons administering controlled
384 substances in their absence.—
386 (e) A telehealth provider as defined in s. 456.47 may not
387 prescribe through telehealth a controlled substance listed in
388 Schedule I or Schedule II of s. 893.03.
389 Section 12. This act shall take effect July 1, 2021.