Florida Senate - 2022 SB 830 By Senator Hooper 16-00927A-22 2022830__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to sales tax; amending s. 212.05, 3 F.S.; specifying the sales tax rate on mobile homes 4 subject to sales tax as tangible personal property; 5 providing an exception; providing an effective date. 6 7 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 8 9 Section 1. Paragraph (a) of subsection (1) of section 10 212.05, Florida Statutes, is amended to read: 11 212.05 Sales, storage, use tax.—It is hereby declared to be 12 the legislative intent that every person is exercising a taxable 13 privilege who engages in the business of selling tangible 14 personal property at retail in this state, including the 15 business of making or facilitating remote sales; who rents or 16 furnishes any of the things or services taxable under this 17 chapter; or who stores for use or consumption in this state any 18 item or article of tangible personal property as defined herein 19 and who leases or rents such property within the state. 20 (1) For the exercise of such privilege, a tax is levied on 21 each taxable transaction or incident, which tax is due and 22 payable as follows: 23 (a)1.a. At the rate of 6 percent of the sales price of each 24 item or article of tangible personal property when sold at 25 retail in this state, computed on each taxable sale for the 26 purpose of remitting the amount of tax due the state, and 27 including each and every retail sale. 28 b. Each occasional or isolated sale of an aircraft, boat, 29 mobile home, or motor vehicle of a class or type which is 30 required to be registered, licensed, titled, or documented in 31 this state or by the United States Government shall be subject 32 to tax at the rate provided in this paragraph. A mobile home 33 must be assessed sales tax at a rate of 6 percent on 50 percent 34 of the sales price of the mobile home, if subject to sales tax 35 as tangible personal property. However, a mobile home is not 36 subject to sales tax if the mobile home will be permanently 37 affixed to the land and the purchaser signs an affidavit stating 38 that he or she intends to seek an “RP” series sticker pursuant 39 to s. 320.0815(2). The department shall by rule adopt any 40 nationally recognized publication for valuation of used motor 41 vehicles as the reference price list for any used motor vehicle 42 which is required to be licensed pursuant to s. 320.08(1), (2), 43 (3)(a), (b), (c), or (e), or (9). If any party to an occasional 44 or isolated sale of such a vehicle reports to the tax collector 45 a sales price which is less than 80 percent of the average loan 46 price for the specified model and year of such vehicle as listed 47 in the most recent reference price list, the tax levied under 48 this paragraph shall be computed by the department on such 49 average loan price unless the parties to the sale have provided 50 to the tax collector an affidavit signed by each party, or other 51 substantial proof, stating the actual sales price. Any party to 52 such sale who reports a sales price less than the actual sales 53 price is guilty of a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable 54 as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. The department shall 55 collect or attempt to collect from such party any delinquent 56 sales taxes. In addition, such party shall pay any tax due and 57 any penalty and interest assessed plus a penalty equal to twice 58 the amount of the additional tax owed. Notwithstanding any other 59 provision of law, the Department of Revenue may waive or 60 compromise any penalty imposed pursuant to this subparagraph. 61 2. This paragraph does not apply to the sale of a boat or 62 aircraft by or through a registered dealer under this chapter to 63 a purchaser who, at the time of taking delivery, is a 64 nonresident of this state, does not make his or her permanent 65 place of abode in this state, and is not engaged in carrying on 66 in this state any employment, trade, business, or profession in 67 which the boat or aircraft will be used in this state, or is a 68 corporation none of the officers or directors of which is a 69 resident of, or makes his or her permanent place of abode in, 70 this state, or is a noncorporate entity that has no individual 71 vested with authority to participate in the management, 72 direction, or control of the entity’s affairs who is a resident 73 of, or makes his or her permanent abode in, this state. For 74 purposes of this exemption, either a registered dealer acting on 75 his or her own behalf as seller, a registered dealer acting as 76 broker on behalf of a seller, or a registered dealer acting as 77 broker on behalf of the purchaser may be deemed to be the 78 selling dealer. This exemption shall not be allowed unless: 79 a. The purchaser removes a qualifying boat, as described in 80 sub-subparagraph f., from the state within 90 days after the 81 date of purchase or extension, or the purchaser removes a 82 nonqualifying boat or an aircraft from this state within 10 days 83 after the date of purchase or, when the boat or aircraft is 84 repaired or altered, within 20 days after completion of the 85 repairs or alterations; or if the aircraft will be registered in 86 a foreign jurisdiction and: 87 (I) Application for the aircraft’s registration is properly 88 filed with a civil airworthiness authority of a foreign 89 jurisdiction within 10 days after the date of purchase; 90 (II) The purchaser removes the aircraft from the state to a 91 foreign jurisdiction within 10 days after the date the aircraft 92 is registered by the applicable foreign airworthiness authority; 93 and 94 (III) The aircraft is operated in the state solely to 95 remove it from the state to a foreign jurisdiction. 96 97 For purposes of this sub-subparagraph, the term “foreign 98 jurisdiction” means any jurisdiction outside of the United 99 States or any of its territories; 100 b. The purchaser, within 90 days from the date of 101 departure, provides the department with written proof that the 102 purchaser licensed, registered, titled, or documented the boat 103 or aircraft outside the state. If such written proof is 104 unavailable, within 90 days the purchaser shall provide proof 105 that the purchaser applied for such license, title, 106 registration, or documentation. The purchaser shall forward to 107 the department proof of title, license, registration, or 108 documentation upon receipt; 109 c. The purchaser, within 30 days after removing the boat or 110 aircraft from Florida, furnishes the department with proof of 111 removal in the form of receipts for fuel, dockage, slippage, 112 tie-down, or hangaring from outside of Florida. The information 113 so provided must clearly and specifically identify the boat or 114 aircraft; 115 d. The selling dealer, within 30 days after the date of 116 sale, provides to the department a copy of the sales invoice, 117 closing statement, bills of sale, and the original affidavit 118 signed by the purchaser attesting that he or she has read the 119 provisions of this section; 120 e. The seller makes a copy of the affidavit a part of his 121 or her record for as long as required by s. 213.35; and 122 f. Unless the nonresident purchaser of a boat of 5 net tons 123 of admeasurement or larger intends to remove the boat from this 124 state within 10 days after the date of purchase or when the boat 125 is repaired or altered, within 20 days after completion of the 126 repairs or alterations, the nonresident purchaser applies to the 127 selling dealer for a decal which authorizes 90 days after the 128 date of purchase for removal of the boat. The nonresident 129 purchaser of a qualifying boat may apply to the selling dealer 130 within 60 days after the date of purchase for an extension decal 131 that authorizes the boat to remain in this state for an 132 additional 90 days, but not more than a total of 180 days, 133 before the nonresident purchaser is required to pay the tax 134 imposed by this chapter. The department is authorized to issue 135 decals in advance to dealers. The number of decals issued in 136 advance to a dealer shall be consistent with the volume of the 137 dealer’s past sales of boats which qualify under this sub 138 subparagraph. The selling dealer or his or her agent shall mark 139 and affix the decals to qualifying boats in the manner 140 prescribed by the department, before delivery of the boat. 141 (I) The department is hereby authorized to charge dealers a 142 fee sufficient to recover the costs of decals issued, except the 143 extension decal shall cost $425. 144 (II) The proceeds from the sale of decals will be deposited 145 into the administrative trust fund. 146 (III) Decals shall display information to identify the boat 147 as a qualifying boat under this sub-subparagraph, including, but 148 not limited to, the decal’s date of expiration. 149 (IV) The department is authorized to require dealers who 150 purchase decals to file reports with the department and may 151 prescribe all necessary records by rule. All such records are 152 subject to inspection by the department. 153 (V) Any dealer or his or her agent who issues a decal 154 falsely, fails to affix a decal, mismarks the expiration date of 155 a decal, or fails to properly account for decals will be 156 considered prima facie to have committed a fraudulent act to 157 evade the tax and will be liable for payment of the tax plus a 158 mandatory penalty of 200 percent of the tax, and shall be liable 159 for fine and punishment as provided by law for a conviction of a 160 misdemeanor of the first degree, as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 161 775.083. 162 (VI) Any nonresident purchaser of a boat who removes a 163 decal before permanently removing the boat from the state, or 164 defaces, changes, modifies, or alters a decal in a manner 165 affecting its expiration date before its expiration, or who 166 causes or allows the same to be done by another, will be 167 considered prima facie to have committed a fraudulent act to 168 evade the tax and will be liable for payment of the tax plus a 169 mandatory penalty of 200 percent of the tax, and shall be liable 170 for fine and punishment as provided by law for a conviction of a 171 misdemeanor of the first degree, as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 172 775.083. 173 (VII) The department is authorized to adopt rules necessary 174 to administer and enforce this subparagraph and to publish the 175 necessary forms and instructions. 176 (VIII) The department is hereby authorized to adopt 177 emergency rules pursuant to s. 120.54(4) to administer and 178 enforce the provisions of this subparagraph. 179 180 If the purchaser fails to remove the qualifying boat from this 181 state within the maximum 180 days after purchase or a 182 nonqualifying boat or an aircraft from this state within 10 days 183 after purchase or, when the boat or aircraft is repaired or 184 altered, within 20 days after completion of such repairs or 185 alterations, or permits the boat or aircraft to return to this 186 state within 6 months from the date of departure, except as 187 provided in s. 212.08(7)(fff), or if the purchaser fails to 188 furnish the department with any of the documentation required by 189 this subparagraph within the prescribed time period, the 190 purchaser shall be liable for use tax on the cost price of the 191 boat or aircraft and, in addition thereto, payment of a penalty 192 to the Department of Revenue equal to the tax payable. This 193 penalty shall be in lieu of the penalty imposed by s. 212.12(2). 194 The maximum 180-day period following the sale of a qualifying 195 boat tax-exempt to a nonresident may not be tolled for any 196 reason. 197 Section 2. This act shall take effect upon becoming a law.