Florida Senate - 2023 SB 1684 By Senator Davis 5-01518-23 20231684__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to youth housing and employment; 3 creating s. 212.0975, F.S.; defining terms; providing 4 a sales tax credit to certain businesses that hire 5 specified employees; requiring such employees be 6 employed for a minimum amount of time; specifying the 7 amount of the tax credit; providing requirements to 8 apply for the tax credit; requiring the Department of 9 Economic Opportunity to review and approve 10 applications that meet specified requirements; 11 creating s. 220.1991, F.S.; defining terms; providing 12 a tax credit against corporate income taxes to 13 landlords who lease dwelling units under specified 14 conditions to recent college graduates; providing an 15 additional credit if the qualified lease agreement is 16 at an affordable rate; specifying a minimum number of 17 qualified lease agreements to qualify for the credit; 18 providing an additional credit if the dwelling unit 19 owned by the landlord is purchased as part of a lease 20 option agreement for no more than fair market value; 21 specifying the amount of such additional credit; 22 specifying a limitation on the amount of credits 23 claimed in any one year; specifying a limitation on a 24 the transfer of credits; requiring a landlord to 25 affirmatively demonstrate to the Department of Revenue 26 that requirements have been met to receive a tax 27 credit; authorizing the department to adopt rules 28 regarding eligibility for tax credits; requiring the 29 department to consult with the Shimberg Center for 30 Affordable Housing Studies at the University of 31 Florida in determining the affordable rate; requiring 32 the Office of Economic and Demographic Research to 33 publish the rate; amending s. 420.6075, F.S.; 34 requiring the Shimberg Center for Affordable Housing 35 Studies to include certain recommendations relating to 36 affordable housing rental needs in its annual report; 37 amending s. 420.622, F.S.; requiring the State Office 38 on Homelessness to coordinate certain entities for a 39 specified purpose; amending s. 1003.21, F.S.; 40 specifying that free public education required to be 41 provided to certain children and youths must include 42 certain programs; providing an effective date. 43 44 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 45 46 Section 1. Section 212.0975, Florida Statutes, is created 47 to read: 48 212.0975 Homeless Youth Employment Tax Credit Program.— 49 (1) As used in this section, the term: 50 (a) “Eligible business” means any sole proprietorship, 51 firm, partnership, or corporation. Commonly owned and controlled 52 entities are to be considered a single business entity. 53 (b) “Qualified employee” means any employee who meets the 54 definition of homeless children and youths in s. 725 of the 55 McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, 42 U.S.C. s. 11434a(2), 56 and performs duties in connection with the operations of the 57 business on a regular basis for at least 3 months. 58 (2) An eligible business shall be allowed a credit of 10 59 percent of any tax due under this chapter if they employ at 60 least one qualified employee during the taxable year. 61 (3)(a) In order to claim this credit, an eligible business 62 must file under oath with the Department of Economic Opportunity 63 a statement that includes the name and address of the eligible 64 business, proof that the business employed an eligible employee, 65 and any other information that the Department of Revenue 66 requires. 67 (b) The Department of Economic Opportunity shall review the 68 application to determine whether it contains all the information 69 required by this subsection and meets the criteria set out in 70 this section. The Department of Economic Opportunity shall 71 approve all applications that contain the information required 72 by this subsection and meet the criteria set out in this section 73 as eligible to receive a credit. 74 Section 2. Section 220.1991, Florida Statutes, is created 75 to read: 76 220.1991 Tax credits for housing for recent college 77 graduates.— 78 (1) As used in this section, the term: 79 (a) “Affordable rate” means a monthly rental rate that has 80 been classified as affordable for that year under paragraph 81 (6)(b). 82 (b) “Fair market value” means the appraised value of a 83 dwelling house as stated in an appraisal report, as defined in 84 s. 475.611. 85 (c) “Landlord” means the owner, manager, managing agent, 86 lessor, sublessor, or any agent of such persons or entities, or 87 other person who has the right to rent, sell, or manage any 88 housing unit or rental property, and whose primary business for 89 the purposes of this chapter meets the description of NAICS code 90 53110. 91 (d) “Lease option agreement” means a written lease 92 agreement that grants a recent college graduate the right to 93 purchase the rental dwelling unit in fee simple at the end of 94 the lease term. 95 (e) “Qualified lease agreement” means a written lease 96 agreement for a dwelling unit made between a landlord and a 97 recent college graduate for a minimum term of 12 months with an 98 option for a 12-month renewal. 99 (f) “Recent college graduate” means a person who has 100 graduated from a state university, a Florida College System 101 institution, or an independent college or university in this 102 state, including a historically black college and university, 103 within the previous 5 years, calculated from the date the 104 college graduate enters into a lease with a landlord for a 105 dwelling unit. 106 (2)(a) Subject to the limitation of paragraph (c), a 107 landlord is allowed a tax credit of $500 against any tax imposed 108 under this chapter for each qualified lease agreement, if such 109 lease limits rent increases to no more than 5 percent per year 110 for the duration of the lease. 111 (b) Subject to the limitation of paragraph (c), a landlord 112 is allowed an additional tax credit of $1,000 against any tax 113 imposed under this chapter for each qualified lease agreement at 114 an affordable rate. 115 (c) To qualify for the tax credit under this subsection, 116 the landlord must have entered into 25 or more qualified lease 117 agreements during the taxable year. 118 (3) There is allowed an additional tax credit against any 119 tax imposed under this chapter to the landlord for each year in 120 which a dwelling unit owned by the landlord is purchased as part 121 of a lease option agreement for no more than fair market value. 122 The amount of the tax credit is determined as follows: 123 (a) If the dwelling unit’s selling price is less than 5 124 percent below fair market value, the credit shall equal 5 125 percent of the dwelling unit’s fair market value. 126 (b) If the dwelling unit’s selling price is 5 percent or 127 more below fair market value, the credit shall equal 10 percent 128 of the dwelling unit’s fair market value. 129 (4) The total amount of tax credits allocated to a landlord 130 in any one year under this section may not exceed 25 percent of 131 that landlord’s total tax liability under this chapter. 132 (5)(a) A tax credit belongs to a landlord and may not be 133 transferred unless the transferee is also a landlord who would 134 otherwise meet the criteria for receiving tax credits under this 135 section. 136 (b) Before receiving tax credits under this section, a 137 landlord must affirmatively demonstrate to the satisfaction of 138 the department that the landlord has met the requirements of 139 this section. 140 (6)(a) The department is authorized, and all conditions are 141 deemed met, to adopt an emergency rule under s. 120.54(4) to 142 specify the methods by which a landlord’s eligibility for tax 143 credits under this section is determined. 144 (b) The department, in consultation with the Shimberg 145 Center for Affordable Housing Studies at the University of 146 Florida, shall annually determine the affordable rate. 147 (c) The Office of Economic and Demographic Research, in 148 consultation with the department and the Shimberg Center for 149 Affordable Housing Studies at the University of Florida, shall 150 publish the affordable rate. 151 Section 3. Paragraph (d) is added to subsection (2) of 152 section 420.6075, Florida Statutes, to read: 153 420.6075 Research and planning for affordable housing; 154 annual housing report.— 155 (2) By December 31 of each year, the Shimberg Center for 156 Affordable Housing Studies shall submit to the Legislature an 157 updated housing report describing the supply of and need for 158 affordable housing. This annual housing report shall include: 159 (d) Recommendations for affordable housing rental needs for 160 this state. 161 Section 4. Subsection (11) is added to section 420.622, 162 Florida Statutes, to read: 163 420.622 State Office on Homelessness; Council on 164 Homelessness.— 165 (11) The State Office on Homelessness will coordinate state 166 colleges and universities to develop plans and procedures to 167 give priority access for campus housing to students who would 168 otherwise be homeless. 169 Section 5. Paragraph (f) of subsection (1) of section 170 1003.21, Florida Statutes, is amended to read: 171 1003.21 School attendance.— 172 (1) 173 (f) Children and youths who are experiencing homelessness 174 and children who are known to the department, as defined in s. 175 39.0016, must have access to a free public education and must be 176 admitted to school in the school district in which they or their 177 families live. School districts shall assist such children in 178 meeting the requirements of subsection (4) and s. 1003.22, as 179 well as local requirements for documentation. For the purposes 180 of this paragraph, free public education includes programs that 181 allow a youth experiencing homelessness to graduate from high 182 school. 183 Section 6. This act shall take effect July 1, 2023.