Florida Senate - 2023 SB 306 By Senator Boyd 20-00311A-23 2023306__ 1 A bill to be entitled 2 An act relating to catalytic converters; creating s. 3 860.142, F.S.; providing a short title; providing 4 definitions; requiring certain records regarding a 5 transaction involving a detached catalytic converter 6 to be maintained for a specified period; authorizing 7 inspection of such records by a law enforcement 8 officer or agency representative; requiring a person 9 who sells or installs a detached catalytic converter 10 to disclose that the catalytic converter has been 11 detached; requiring certain information regarding a 12 transaction to be provided to certain persons upon 13 request; providing application of specified statutory 14 provisions; providing for an inference that a 15 catalytic converter may have been stolen; providing 16 prohibitions regarding the possession, purchase, sale, 17 or installation of a stolen, detached, or altered 18 catalytic converter; providing prohibitions regarding 19 the importing, manufacturing, purchase, sale, or 20 installation or reinstallation of a counterfeit, fake, 21 or junk-filled catalytic converter; providing criminal 22 penalties; providing criminal penalties for failure to 23 maintain certain records, prepare certain documents, 24 provide certain records upon request, or make certain 25 disclosures; providing an effective date. 26 27 Be It Enacted by the Legislature of the State of Florida: 28 29 Section 1. Section 860.142, Florida Statutes, is created to 30 read: 31 860.142 Catalytic Converter Antitheft Act.— 32 (1) SHORT TITLE.—This section may be cited as the 33 “Catalytic Converter Antitheft Act.” 34 (2) DEFINITIONS.—As used in this section, the term: 35 (a) “Catalytic converter” means an emission control device 36 that is designed to be installed and operate in a motor vehicle 37 to convert toxic gases and pollutants in the motor vehicle’s 38 exhaust system into less toxic substances via chemical reaction. 39 (b) “Counterfeit catalytic converter” means a catalytic 40 converter displaying a mark identical or similar to the genuine 41 mark of a catalytic converter manufacturer or motor vehicle 42 manufacturer without authorization from such manufacturer. 43 (c) “Detached catalytic converter” means a catalytic 44 converter that has been removed or detached from a motor 45 vehicle. 46 (d) “Fake catalytic converter” means an item, other than a 47 catalytic converter designed in accordance with United States 48 Environmental Protection Agency regulations for a given make, 49 model, and year of motor vehicle as part of a motor vehicle 50 emission control system, including a counterfeit or 51 nonfunctional catalytic converter, which is used to replace a 52 legitimate, functional catalytic converter. 53 (e) “Junk-filled catalytic converter” means a catalytic 54 converter the composition of which includes a metal or chemical 55 that does not function in the same manner or to the same extent 56 as a metal or chemical in a legitimate catalytic converter to 57 protect motor vehicle occupants and others from toxic gases and 58 pollutants produced by the motor vehicle. 59 (f) “Nonfunctional catalytic converter” means a replacement 60 catalytic converter that: 61 1. Was previously recalled or damaged; or 62 2. Includes a part or object, including, but not limited 63 to, a counterfeit or repaired catalytic converter, installed in 64 a motor vehicle to mislead the owner or operator of such motor 65 vehicle to believe that a functional catalytic converter has 66 been installed. 67 (g) “Registered secondary metals recycler” means a 68 secondary metals recycler, as defined in s. 538.18, that is 69 registered with the Department of Revenue as required in s. 70 538.25. 71 (h) “Salvage motor vehicle dealer” has the same meaning as 72 provided in s. 320.27(1)(c)5. 73 (3) PURCHASE, SALE, OR INSTALLATION OF CATALYTIC 74 CONVERTERS; RECORDS.— 75 (a) A person engaged in the purchase, sale, or installation 76 of a detached catalytic converter shall maintain a manual or 77 electronic record of the purchase, sale, or installation. The 78 record must include the first and last name, the address, and a 79 copy of the driver license or other government-issued means of 80 identification of the person from whom the detached catalytic 81 converter was purchased and, if the detached catalytic converter 82 is installed, the vehicle identification number of the motor 83 vehicle in which the catalytic converter is installed. Such 84 record must be maintained for 3 years after the transaction and 85 may be inspected during normal business hours by a law 86 enforcement officer or other authorized representative of the 87 agency charged with administering this section. A person who 88 sells or installs a detached catalytic converter must disclose 89 to the purchaser or consumer that the catalytic converter has 90 been detached from a motor vehicle. Upon request, information 91 contained in a record or document pertaining to a specific 92 transaction must be provided to an insurer, purchaser, consumer, 93 or law enforcement officer. 94 (b) A catalytic converter is a major component part of a 95 motor vehicle as provided in s. 319.30(1)(j)1. The requirements 96 of s. 319.30 apply to the purchase, possession, or sale of a 97 catalytic converter by a salvage motor vehicle dealer. 98 (4) INFERENCE.—Proof that a person was in possession of two 99 or more detached catalytic converters, unless satisfactorily 100 explained, gives rise to an inference that the person in 101 possession of the catalytic converters knew or should have known 102 that the catalytic converters may have been stolen or 103 fraudulently obtained. 104 (5) PROHIBITIONS; PENALTIES.— 105 (a) A person may not: 106 1. Knowingly possess, purchase, sell, or install a stolen 107 catalytic converter; a new or detached catalytic converter of 108 which the manufacturer’s part identification number, aftermarket 109 identification number, or owner-applied number has been removed, 110 altered, or defaced; or a catalytic converter removed from a 111 stolen motor vehicle; 112 2. Knowingly purchase a detached catalytic converter 113 without being a registered secondary metals recycler; or 114 3. Possess, sell, or offer for sale a detached catalytic 115 converter without proof of ownership or proof that the person 116 meets the criteria for exemption provided in s. 538.22. 117 118 A person who violates this paragraph commits a felony of the 119 third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, 120 or s. 775.084. 121 (b) A person may not knowingly import, manufacture, 122 purchase, sell, offer for sale, or install or reinstall in a 123 motor vehicle a counterfeit, fake, or junk-filled catalytic 124 converter. A person who violates this paragraph commits a felony 125 of the second degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 126 775.083, or s. 775.084. 127 (c) A person or business entity that fails to maintain 128 complete and accurate records, to prepare complete and accurate 129 documents, to provide a record or information contained in a 130 record upon request, or to properly disclose that a catalytic 131 converter is a counterfeit, detached, fake, or junk-filled 132 catalytic converter: 133 1. Upon a first offense, commits a misdemeanor of the first 134 degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083. 135 2. Upon a second or subsequent offense, commits a felony of 136 the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 137 775.083, or s. 775.084. 138 Section 2. This act shall take effect July 1, 2023.