(1) The department has the following enforcement authority and remedies for specified stationary sources available to it for violations of this part as specified in s. 252.941:
(a) To institute a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction in order to seek injunctive relief to immediately restrain or enjoin any person from engaging in any activity in violation of this part which is presenting an imminent and substantial endangerment to the public health or welfare or the environment; and to seek injunctive relief to enforce compliance with this part or any rule, regulation, program requirement, or order implementing this part.
(b) To institute a civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction to impose and to recover a civil penalty for each violation, as specified in s. 252.941(1), in an amount of not more than $10,000 per offense. However, the court may receive evidence in mitigation. Each day during any portion of which such violation occurs constitutes a separate offense. (c) To seek criminal remedies, including fines, for violations as specified in s. 252.941(2). (d) Failure to comply with the fee provisions under s. 252.939 is not a violation under s. 252.941. Section 252.939(2) is the sole remedy for fee provisions in s. 252.939, except that the department may enforce a final order entered under that section pursuant to s. 120.69.
(2) An action may not be commenced or continued under this section if the Administrator of the United States Environmental Protection Agency has commenced and is diligently pursuing an administrative order or civil or criminal action to enforce a specific requirement or to impose a civil or criminal penalty under s. 112(r) with respect to the specific violation. If the United States Environmental Protection Agency initiates any action after the state has initiated an action based on the same cause, the state suit shall be dismissed without prejudice and may be refiled only in the event that the United States Environmental Protection Agency discontinues the enforcement action prior to settlement or final judgment.
(3) For the purposes of this section, the department may offer and accept the use of emergency planning, training, and response-related Supplemental Environmental Projects, consistent with the guidelines established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
(4) The authorities and remedies provided under this section shall not take effect until after such time as the department has received final delegation approval from the United States Environmental Protection Agency to administer the s. 112(r)(7) Accidental Release Prevention Program for specified stationary sources.