An excise tax is hereby levied upon every person who severs oil in the state for sale, transport, storage, profit, or commercial use. Except as otherwise provided in this part, the tax is levied on the basis of the entire production of oil in this state, including any royalty interest. Such tax shall accrue at the time the oil is severed and shall be a lien on production regardless of the place of sale, to whom sold, or by whom used, and regardless of the fact that delivery of the oil may be made outside the state. (1) The amount of tax shall be measured by the value of the oil produced and saved or sold during a month. The value of oil shall be taxed at the following rates:
(a) Small well oil, 5 percent of gross value.
1(b) Tertiary oil and mature field recovery oil:
1. One percent of the gross value of oil on the value of oil $60 and below;
2. Seven percent of the gross value of oil on the value of oil above $60 and below $80; and
3. Nine percent of the gross value of oil on the value of oil $80 and above.
(c) All other oil, 8 percent of gross value.
(2)(a) For the purposes of this section, “value” means the sale price or market price of a barrel of oil at the mouth of the well in its natural, unrefined condition. If the oil is exchanged for something other than cash, if there is no sale at the mouth of the well, or if the sale price is not indicative of the true value or market price of the oil produced, value shall be determined by the sale price of oil of like kind and quality, considering any differences in the place of production or sale.
(b) Any charges prepaid by the producer or included in the invoice price for delivery of the oil shall be deducted from the gross proceeds of the sale which are used to determine the value of oil produced, provided the oil was sold at a delivered price.
(c) The value of oil produced shall not include any wellhead or other production taxes imposed by the United States on the producer, to the extent that such taxes do not provide a credit or deduction for the tax imposed under this part.
(3)(a) The term “tertiary oil” means the excess barrels of oil produced, or estimated to be produced, as a result of the actual use of a tertiary recovery method in a qualified enhanced oil recovery project, over the barrels of oil which could have been produced by continued maximum feasible production methods in use prior to the start of tertiary recovery. A “qualified enhanced oil recovery project” means a project for enhancing recovery of oil which meets the requirements of 26 U.S.C. s. 43(c)(2) or substantially similar requirements.
(b) The department may establish the method to be used by producers to determine the taxable production of tertiary oil and may require a producer or operator to furnish any information the department deems necessary for this purpose.
1(4) As used in this section, the term “mature field recovery oil” means the barrels of oil recovered from new wells that begin production after July 1, 2012, in fields that were discovered prior to 1981.
(5) Oil production shall be measured or gauged. Mechanical metering systems using meters of a type generally approved for use in the industry may be used to measure oil production. If tank tables are used to determine oil production, tables compiled to show 100 percent of the full capacity of tanks, without deduction for overage or losses in handling, shall be used; or the oil production shall be adjusted to a basis of 100 percent of the full capacity of tanks if oil production is determined using tank tables compiled to show less than 100 percent of the full capacity of tanks. Oil production shall be expressed in barrels.
(6) The tax imposed under this section shall be administered, collected, and enforced by the department.
(7) As used in this section, the term “oil” does not include gas-phase hydrocarbons that are transported into the state, injected in the gaseous phase into a natural gas storage facility permitted under part I of chapter 377, and later recovered as a liquid hydrocarbon.
1Note.—Section 25, ch. 2012-32, provides that:
“(1) The executive director of the Department of Revenue is authorized, and all conditions are deemed met, to adopt emergency rules under ss. 120.536(1) and 120.54(4), Florida Statutes, for the purpose of implementing this act.
“(2) Notwithstanding any provision of law, such emergency rules shall remain in effect for 6 months after the date adopted and may be renewed during the pendency of procedures to adopt permanent rules addressing the subject of the emergency rules.”