TITLE XIIIPLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT
STATE AND REGIONAL PLANNING
186.001 Short title.
186.002 Findings and intent.
186.003 Definitions; ss. 186.001-186.031, 186.801-186.901.
186.004 Governor; chief planning officer of the state.
186.005 Designation of departmental planning officer.
186.006 Powers and responsibilities of Executive Office of the Governor.
186.007 State comprehensive plan; preparation; revision.
186.008 State comprehensive plan; revision; implementation.
186.009 Growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan.
186.021 Long-range program plans.
186.031 Annual report.
186.501 Short title.
186.502 Legislative findings; public purpose.
186.503 Definitions relating to Florida Regional Planning Council Act.
186.504 Regional planning councils; creation; membership.
186.505 Regional planning councils; powers and duties.
186.506 Executive Office of the Governor; powers and duties.
186.507 Strategic regional policy plans.
186.508 Strategic regional policy plan adoption; consistency with state comprehensive plan.
186.509 Dispute resolution process.
186.511 Evaluation of strategic regional policy plan; changes in plan.
186.512 Designation of regional planning councils.
186.515 Creation of regional planning councils under chapter 163.
186.801 Ten-year site plans.
186.803 Use of geographic information by governmental entities.
186.901 Population census determination.
186.001 Short title.—Sections 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901 shall be known and may be cited as the “Florida State Comprehensive Planning Act of 1972.”
History.—s. 1, ch. 72-295; s. 68, ch. 99-2.
Note.—Former s. 23.0111.
186.002 Findings and intent.— (1) The Legislature finds and declares that:
(a) The issues of public safety, education, health care, community and economic development and redevelopment, protection and conservation of natural and historic resources, transportation, and public facilities transcend the boundaries and responsibilities of individual units of government, and often no single unit of government can plan or implement policies to deal with these issues without affecting other units of government.
(b) Coordination among all levels of government is necessary to ensure effective and efficient delivery of governmental services to all the citizens of the state. It is therefore necessary to establish an integrated planning system and to ensure coordinated administration of government policies that address the multitude of issues posed by the state’s continued growth and development.
(c) To promote intergovernmental coordination and the effective allocation of resources, the state should set goals to provide direction and guidance for state, regional, and local governments and agencies in the development and implementation of their respective plans, programs, and services. The preservation and enhancement of the quality of life of the people of this state require that a state comprehensive plan be adopted by the Legislature to provide policy direction for all state and regional agencies and local governments.
(d) Regular evaluation of the state comprehensive plan is necessary to inform the public whether state goals are being attained. To accomplish this purpose, the state comprehensive plan should be evaluated biennially with any necessary revisions prepared through coordinated action by state and regional agencies and local governments.
(2) It is the intent of the Legislature that:
(a) The state planning process provide direction for the delivery of governmental services, a means for defining and achieving the specific goals and objectives of the state, and a method for evaluating the accomplishment of those goals and objectives.
(b) The state comprehensive plan shall provide basic policy direction to all levels of government regarding the orderly social, economic, and physical growth of the state.
(c) Long-range program plans shall be effectively coordinated to ensure the establishment of appropriate agency priorities and facilitate the orderly, positive management of agency activities consistent with the public interest. It is also intended that the implementation of state and regional plans enhance the quality of life of the citizens of the state.
(d) The state planning process shall be informed and guided by the experience of public officials at all levels of government.
(e) All agencies and levels of government involved in the integrated planning process shall provide sufficient opportunities for meaningful public participation in the preparation, implementation, evaluation, and revision of all plans and programs.
History.—s. 2, ch. 84-257; s. 87, ch. 92-142; s. 19, ch. 93-206; s. 40, ch. 2000-371; s. 11, ch. 2012-99.
186.003 Definitions; ss. 186.001-186.031, 186.801-186.901.—As used in ss. 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901, the term:
(1) “Executive Office of the Governor” means the Office of Planning and Budgeting of the Executive Office of the Governor.
(2) “Goal” means the long-term end toward which programs and activities are ultimately directed.
(3) “Objective” means a specific, measurable, intermediate end that is achievable and marks progress toward a goal.
(4) “Policy” means the way in which programs and activities are conducted to achieve an identified goal.
(5) “Regional planning agency” means the regional planning council created pursuant to ss. 186.501-186.515 to exercise responsibilities under ss. 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901 in a particular region of the state.
(6) “State agency” or “agency” means any official, officer, commission, board, authority, council, committee, or department of the executive branch of state government. For purposes of this chapter, “state agency” or “agency” includes state attorneys, public defenders, the capital collateral regional counsel, the Justice Administrative Commission, and the Public Service Commission.
(7) “State comprehensive plan” means the state planning document required in s. 19, Art. III of the State Constitution and published as ss. 187.101 and 187.201.
History.—s. 3, ch. 72-295; s. 1, ch. 78-287; s. 66, ch. 79-190; s. 3, ch. 84-257; s. 31, ch. 88-122; s. 97, ch. 91-282; s. 88, ch. 92-142; s. 20, ch. 93-206; s. 24, ch. 95-280; s. 12, ch. 97-79; s. 17, ch. 98-176; s. 69, ch. 99-2; s. 67, ch. 99-245; s. 41, ch. 2000-371.
Note.—Former s. 23.0112.
186.004 Governor; chief planning officer of the state.—The Governor is the chief planning officer of the state and shall conduct a biennial review and revision of the state comprehensive plan.
History.—s. 1, ch. 67-157; s. 7, ch. 71-377; s. 4, ch. 72-295; s. 21, ch. 93-206.
Note.—Former s. 23.011.
186.005 Designation of departmental planning officer.—
(1) The head of each executive department and the Public Service Commission, the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, the Florida Commission on Offender Review, and the Department of Military Affairs shall select from within such agency a person to be designated as the planning officer for such agency. The planning officer shall be responsible for coordinating with the Executive Office of the Governor and with the planning officers of other agencies all activities and responsibilities of such agency relating to planning.
(2) The head of each agency shall notify the Executive Office of the Governor in writing of the person initially designated as the planning officer for such agency and of any changes in persons so designated thereafter.
History.—s. 5, ch. 72-295; s. 67, ch. 79-190; s. 1, ch. 81-169; s. 32, ch. 88-122; s. 68, ch. 99-245; s. 7, ch. 2014-191.
Note.—Former s. 23.0113.
186.006 Powers and responsibilities of Executive Office of the Governor.—For the purpose of establishing consistency and uniformity in the state and regional planning process and in order to ensure that the intent of ss. 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901 is accomplished, the Executive Office of the Governor shall:
(1) Identify and monitor on a continuing basis statewide conditions and trends which impact the state.
(2) Prepare, and update or revise regularly, the state comprehensive plan.
(3) Designate the geographic boundaries of comprehensive planning districts.
(4) Designate, and prepare or direct to be prepared, specific data, assumptions, forecasts, and projections for use by each state or regional agency in the preparation of plans.
(5) Coordinate planning among federal, state, regional, and local levels of government and between this state and other states.
(6) Prepare or direct appropriate state or regional agencies to prepare such studies, reports, data collections, or analyses as are necessary or useful in the preparation or revision of the state comprehensive plan, state agency functional plans, or strategic regional policy plans.
(7) Act as the state clearinghouse and designate the regional planning councils as the regional data clearinghouses.
(8) Direct state agencies and regional agencies to prepare and implement, consistent with their authority and responsibilities under law, such plans as are necessary to further the purposes and intent of the state comprehensive plan.
(9) Provide such data and information to public and private agencies and to the public as it may have available.
(10) Using federal, state, local, or private funds, contract with public agencies or private firms or consultants for specialized services or research facilities, whenever such services or facilities are not otherwise available to it.
(11) Perform such other functions as are necessary to carry out the intent of ss. 186.001-186.031 and 186.801-186.901.
History.—s. 4, ch. 84-257; s. 7, ch. 85-57; s. 1, ch. 95-149; s. 70, ch. 99-2.
186.007 State comprehensive plan; preparation; revision.—
(1) The Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare a proposed state comprehensive plan which provides long-range guidance for the orderly social, economic, and physical growth of the state. The plan shall be composed of goals, objectives, and policies that are briefly stated in plain, easily understandable words and that give specific policy direction to state and regional agencies. The goals, objectives, and policies shall be statewide in scope and shall be consistent and compatible with each other. The state comprehensive plan shall not include a land use map.
(2) In preparing the goals, objectives, and policies of the state comprehensive plan, the Executive Office of the Governor shall analyze the problems, opportunities, and needs associated with growth and development in this state, particularly those problems, opportunities, and needs related to land use, water resources, and transportation system development. The Executive Office of the Governor shall document present conditions and trends, forecast future conditions and trends based on expected growth patterns, and identify needs. Such conditions, trends, and needs shall be used to prepare goals, objectives, and policies designed to preserve and enhance the quality of life of the citizens of this state.
(3) In the state comprehensive plan, the Executive Office of the Governor may include goals, objectives, and policies related to the following program areas: economic opportunities; agriculture; employment; public safety; education; health concerns; social welfare concerns; housing and community development; natural resources and environmental management; energy; global climate change; recreational and cultural opportunities; historic preservation; transportation; and governmental direction and support services.
(4)(a) The Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare statewide goals, objectives, and policies related to the opportunities, problems, and needs associated with growth and development in this state, which goals, objectives, and policies shall constitute the growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan. In preparing the growth management goals, objectives, and policies, the Executive Office of the Governor initially shall emphasize the management of land use, water resources, and transportation system development.
(b) The purpose of the growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan is to establish clear, concise, and direct goals, objectives, and policies related to land development, water resources, transportation, and related topics. In doing so, the plan should, where possible, draw upon the work that agencies have invested in the Florida Transportation Plan, the Florida water plan, and similar planning documents.
(5)(a) The Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare a separate portion of the state comprehensive plan related to the long-term infrastructure and capital outlay needs of the state. This portion shall be prepared based upon a comprehensive assessment of needs conducted by the Executive Office of the Governor, and it shall be updated annually as part of the budgeting process prescribed by chapter 216. The assessment shall provide estimates by area of the future infrastructure needs of the state that result from expected growth patterns and shall include recommendations for directing state expenditures to particular areas of the state in order to implement the growth management goals, objectives, and policies of the state comprehensive plan.
(b) All capital outlay recommendations submitted to the Legislature in the Governor’s budget request must be consistent with the goals, objectives, and policies of the state comprehensive plan and the long-term infrastructure and capital outlay portion when adopted.
(6) The adopted state comprehensive plan shall provide, in addition to other criteria established by law, standards and criteria for the review and approval of state agency strategic plans and strategic regional policy plans.
(7) In preparing and revising the state comprehensive plan, the Executive Office of the Governor shall, to the extent feasible, consider studies, reports, and plans of each department, agency, and institution of state and local government, each regional planning agency, and the Federal Government and shall take into account the existing and prospective resources, capabilities, and needs of state and local levels of government.
(8) The revision of the state comprehensive plan is a continuing process. Each section of the plan shall be reviewed and analyzed biennially by the Executive Office of the Governor in conjunction with the planning officers of other state agencies significantly affected by the provisions of the particular section under review. In conducting this review and analysis, the Executive Office of the Governor shall review and consider, with the assistance of the state land planning agency and regional planning councils, the evaluation and appraisal reports prepared pursuant to s. 186.511. Any necessary revisions of the state comprehensive plan shall be proposed by the Governor in a written report and be accompanied by an explanation of the need for such changes. If the Governor determines that changes are unnecessary, the written report must explain why changes are unnecessary. The proposed revisions and accompanying explanations may be submitted in the report required by s. 186.031. Any proposed revisions to the plan shall be submitted to the Legislature as provided in s. 186.008(2) at least 30 days prior to the regular legislative session occurring in each even-numbered year.
History.—s. 7, ch. 72-295; ss. 3, 5, ch. 77-306; s. 2, ch. 78-287; s. 68, ch. 79-190; s. 5, ch. 84-257; s. 22, ch. 93-206; s. 18, ch. 97-160; s. 18, ch. 98-176; s. 3, ch. 99-5; s. 4, ch. 2008-227; s. 46, ch. 2010-102; s. 12, ch. 2012-99.
Note.—Former s. 23.0114.
186.008 State comprehensive plan; revision; implementation.—
(1) On or before October 1 of every odd-numbered year, the Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare, and the Governor shall recommend to the Administration Commission, any proposed revisions to the state comprehensive plan deemed necessary. The Governor shall transmit his or her recommendations and explanation as required by s. 186.007(8). Copies shall also be provided to each state agency, to each regional planning agency, to any other unit of government that requests a copy, and to any member of the public who requests a copy.
(2) On or before December 15 of every odd-numbered year, the Administration Commission shall review the proposed revisions to the state comprehensive plan prepared by the Governor. The commission shall adopt a resolution, after public notice and a reasonable opportunity for public comment, and transmit the proposed revisions to the state comprehensive plan to the Legislature, together with any amendments approved by the commission and any dissenting reports. The commission shall identify those portions of the plan that are not based on existing law.
(3) All amendments, revisions, or updates to the plan shall be adopted by the Legislature as a general law.
(4) The state comprehensive plan shall be implemented and enforced by all state agencies consistent with their lawful responsibilities whether it is put in force by law or by administrative rule. The Governor, as chief planning officer of the state, shall oversee the implementation process.
(5) All state agency budgets and programs shall be consistent with the adopted state comprehensive plan and shall support and further its goals and policies.
(6) The Florida Public Service Commission, in approving the plans of utilities subject to its regulation, shall take into consideration the compatibility of the plan of each utility and all related utility plans taken together with the adopted state comprehensive plan.
History.—s. 3, ch. 67-157; ss. 31, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 8, ch. 72-295; s. 1, ch. 77-306; s. 3, ch. 78-287; s. 6, ch. 84-257; ss. 5, 7, ch. 85-57; s. 23, ch. 93-206; s. 958, ch. 95-147; s. 19, ch. 98-176.
Note.—Former s. 23.013.
186.009 Growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan.—
(1) The Executive Office of the Governor shall prepare the proposed growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan in coordination with the Legislature, appropriate state agencies, regional entities, local governments, and citizens. The proposed growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan shall not be based upon the comprehensive format of the state comprehensive plan but shall be strategic in nature.
(2) The growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan shall:
(a) Provide strategic guidance for state, regional, and local actions necessary to implement the state comprehensive plan with regard to the physical growth and development of the state.
(b) Identify metropolitan and urban growth centers.
(c) Identify areas of state and regional environmental significance and establish strategies to protect them.
(d) Set forth and integrate state policy for Florida’s future growth as it relates to land development, air quality, transportation, and water resources.
(e) Provide guidelines for determining where urban growth is appropriate and should be encouraged.
(f) Provide guidelines for state transportation corridors, public transportation corridors, new interchanges on limited access facilities, and new airports of regional or state significance.
(g) Promote land acquisition programs to provide for natural resource protection, open space needs, urban recreational opportunities, and water access.
(h) Set forth policies to establish state and regional solutions to the need for affordable housing.
(i) Provide coordinated state planning of road, rail, and waterborne transportation facilities designed to take the needs of agriculture into consideration and to provide for the transportation of agricultural products and supplies.
(j) Establish priorities regarding coastal planning and resource management.
(k) Provide a statewide policy to enhance the multiuse waterfront development of existing deepwater ports, ensuring that priority is given to water-dependent land uses.
(l) Set forth other goals, objectives, and policies related to the state’s natural and built environment that are necessary to effectuate those portions of the state comprehensive plan which are related to physical growth and development.
(m) Set forth recommendations on when and to what degree local government comprehensive plans must be consistent with the proposed growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan.
(n) Set forth recommendations on how to integrate the Florida water plan required by s. 373.036 and transportation plans required by chapter 339.
(o) Set forth recommendations concerning what degree of consistency is appropriate for the strategic regional policy plans.
The growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan shall not include a land use map.
(3) The growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan, and all amendments, revisions, or updates to the plan, shall have legal effect only upon adoption by the Legislature as general law. The Legislature shall indicate, in adopting the growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan, which plans, activities, and permits must be consistent with the growth management portion of the state comprehensive plan.
History.—s. 24, ch. 93-206; s. 19, ch. 97-160; s. 20, ch. 98-176.
186.021 Long-range program plans.—Pursuant to s. 216.013, each state agency shall develop a long-range program plan on an annual basis. The plan shall provide the framework and context for designing and interpreting the agency budget request. The plan will be developed through careful examination and justification of agency functions and their associated costs. It shall be used by the agency to implement the state’s goals and objectives. Indicators shall be developed to measure service and activity performance.
History.—s. 7, ch. 84-257; ss. 6, 7, ch. 85-57; s. 1, ch. 87-137; s. 33, ch. 87-224; s. 7, ch. 91-429; s. 89, ch. 92-142; s. 25, ch. 93-206; s. 8, ch. 94-226; s. 47, ch. 94-249; s. 5, ch. 94-340; s. 39, ch. 94-356; s. 4, ch. 95-257; s. 3, ch. 97-286; ss. 16, 17, ch. 98-73; s. 42, ch. 2000-371.
186.031 Annual report.—The Governor as the chief planning and budget officer of the state shall annually report to the Legislature and the public on the economic conditions of the state, the infrastructure and capital outlay needs of the state, and the impacts of growth and development and shall assess state, regional, and local government efforts in addressing such conditions, needs, and impacts. The report shall appraise current growth trends, shall evaluate the extent to which existing growth management policies effectively address such trends, and shall review such other factors and indicators as are appropriate. The report shall contain timely and authoritative data and information about economic and demographic growth patterns and an analysis of such information as it affects the goals and policies of the state for growth and development. The report shall contain specific recommendations for any legislative and administrative changes needed to continue to manage growth effectively and to build upon the opportunities available. The report shall be related to, and developed in conjunction with, the regular updates of the state comprehensive plan.
History.—s. 5, ch. 67-157; ss. 31, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 72, ch. 79-190; s. 15, ch. 81-259; s. 9, ch. 84-257.
Note.—Former s. 23.015.
186.501 Short title.—Sections 186.501-186.513 shall be known and may be cited as the “Florida Regional Planning Council Act.”
History.—ss. 1, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 1, ch. 92-182; s. 38, ch. 93-206.
Note.—Former s. 160.001.
186.502 Legislative findings; public purpose.— (1) The Legislature finds and declares that:
(a) The problems of growth and development often transcend the boundaries of individual units of local general-purpose government, and often no single unit can formulate plans or implement policies for their solution without affecting other units in their geographic area.
(b) There is a need for regional planning agencies to assist local governments to resolve their common problems, engage in areawide comprehensive and functional planning, administer certain federal and state grants-in-aid, and provide a regional focus in regard to multiple programs undertaken on an areawide basis.
(c) Federal and state programs should have coordinated purposes and consistent policy direction in order to avoid the proliferation of overlapping, duplicating, and competing regional agencies. To further this end, these efforts should result in 1entities agencies which effectively carry out a wide variety of federal and state program designations.
(d) The financial and technical assistance of the state should be provided to regional planning agencies to maximize the effective use of regional programs undertaken with the authorization of local, state, or federal governments serving the citizens of this state.
(e) There is a need for the establishment at the regional level of clear policy plans that will guide broad-based representative regional planning agencies as they undertake regional review functions.
(2) It is the declared purpose of this act to establish a common system of regional planning councils for areawide coordination and related cooperative activities of federal, state, and local governments; ensure a broad-based regional organization that can provide a truly regional perspective; and enhance the ability and opportunity of local governments to resolve issues and problems transcending their individual boundaries.
(3) The regional planning council is designated as the primary organization to address problems and plan solutions that are of greater-than-local concern or scope, and the regional planning council shall be recognized by local governments as one of the means to provide input into state policy development.
(4) The regional planning council is recognized as Florida’s only multipurpose regional entity that is in a position to plan for and coordinate intergovernmental solutions to growth-related problems on greater-than-local issues, provide technical assistance to local governments, and meet other needs of the communities in each region. A council shall not act as a permitting or regulatory entity.
(5) The regional planning council shall have a duty to assist local governments with activities designed to promote and facilitate economic development in the geographic area covered by the council.
History.—ss. 2, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 10, ch. 84-257; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 27, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 91, ch. 99-251.
1Note.—The word “entities” appears to be an error; it was substituted for the word “regional” in the preparation of C.S. for H.B. 1452 (1980).
Note.—Former s. 160.002.
186.503 Definitions relating to Florida Regional Planning Council Act.—As used in this act, the term:
(1) “Comprehensive planning districts” means the geographic areas within the state specified by rule by the Executive Office of the Governor pursuant to s. 186.006.
(2) “Cross-acceptance” means a process by which a regional planning council compares plans to identify inconsistencies. Consistency between plans may be achieved through a process of negotiation involving the local governments or regional planning council which prepared the respective plans.
(3) “Elected official” means a member of the governing body of a municipality or county or an elected county official chosen by the governing body.
(4) “Existing regional planning council” means a regional planning council created by local general-purpose governments prior to October 1, 1980, pursuant to chapters 1160 and 163.
(5) “Federal” or “Federal Government” means the United States Government or any department, commission, agency, or other instrumentality thereof.
(6) “Local general-purpose government” means any municipality or county created pursuant to the authority granted under ss. 1 and 2, Art. VIII of the State Constitution.
(7) “Local health council” means a regional agency established pursuant to s. 408.033.
(8) “State” or “state government” means the government of the State of Florida or any department, commission, agency, or other instrumentality thereof.
(9) “Strategic regional policy plan” means a long-range guide for physical, economic, and social development of a comprehensive planning district which identifies regional goals and policies.
History.—ss. 3, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 7, ch. 81-167; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 7, ch. 83-55; s. 18, ch. 84-257; s. 22, ch. 85-80; s. 99, ch. 91-282; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 28, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 25, ch. 95-280; s. 12, ch. 97-79.
1Note.—Transferred to ch. 186 by the reviser incident to compiling the 1984 Supplement to the Florida Statutes 1983.
Note.—Former s. 160.003.
186.504 Regional planning councils; creation; membership.—
(1) A regional planning council shall be created in each of the several comprehensive planning districts of the state. Only one agency shall exercise the responsibilities granted herein within the geographic boundaries of any one comprehensive planning district.
(2) Membership on the regional planning council shall be as follows:
(a) Representatives appointed by each of the member counties in the geographic area covered by the regional planning council.
(b) Representatives from other member local general-purpose governments in the geographic area covered by the regional planning council.
(c) Representatives appointed by the Governor from the geographic area covered by the regional planning council, including an elected school board member from the geographic area covered by the regional planning council, to be nominated by the Florida School Board Association.
(3) Not less than two-thirds of the representatives serving as voting members on the governing bodies of such regional planning councils shall be elected officials of local general-purpose governments chosen by the cities and counties of the region, provided each county shall have at least one vote. The remaining one-third of the voting members on the governing board shall be appointed by the Governor, to include one elected school board member, subject to confirmation by the Senate, and shall reside in the region. No two appointees of the Governor shall have their places of residence in the same county until each county within the region is represented by a Governor’s appointee to the governing board. Nothing contained in this section shall deny to local governing bodies or the Governor the option of appointing either locally elected officials or lay citizens provided at least two-thirds of the governing body of the regional planning council is composed of locally elected officials.
(4) In addition to voting members appointed pursuant to paragraph (2)(c), the Governor shall appoint the following ex officio nonvoting members to each regional planning council:
(a) A representative of the Department of Transportation.
(b) A representative of the Department of Environmental Protection.
(c) A representative nominated by the Department of Economic Opportunity.
(d) A representative of the appropriate water management district or districts.
The Governor may also appoint ex officio nonvoting members representing appropriate metropolitan planning organizations and regional water supply authorities.
(5) Nothing contained in this act shall be construed to mandate municipal government membership or participation in a regional planning council. However, each county shall be a member of the regional planning council created within the comprehensive planning district encompassing the county.
(6) The existing regional planning council in each of the several comprehensive planning districts shall be designated as the regional planning council specified under subsections (1)-(5), provided the council agrees to meet the membership criteria specified therein and is a regional planning council organized under either s. 163.01 or s. 163.02 or ss. 186.501-186.515.
History.—s. 1, ch. 59-369; s. 19, ch. 63-400; s. 1, ch. 69-63; ss. 3, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 11, ch. 84-257; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 29, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 40, ch. 94-356; s. 92, ch. 99-251; s. 30, ch. 2001-60; s. 12, ch. 2002-296; s. 62, ch. 2011-142.
Note.—Former s. 160.01.
186.505 Regional planning councils; powers and duties.—Any regional planning council created hereunder shall have the following powers:
(1) To adopt rules of procedure for the regulation of its affairs and the conduct of its business and to appoint from among its members a chair to serve annually; however, such chair may be subject to reelection.
(2) To adopt an official name and seal.
(3) To maintain an office at such place or places within the comprehensive planning district as it may designate.
(4) To employ and to compensate such personnel, consultants, and technical and professional assistants as it deems necessary to exercise the powers and perform the duties set forth in this act.
(5) To make and enter into all contracts and agreements necessary or incidental to the performance of its duties and the execution of its powers under this act.
(6) To hold public hearings and sponsor public forums in any part of the regional area whenever the council deems it necessary or useful in the execution of its other functions.
(7) To sue and be sued in its own name.
(8) To accept and receive, in furtherance of its functions, funds, grants, and services from the Federal Government or its agencies; from departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of state, municipal, or local government; or from private or civic sources. Each regional planning council shall render an accounting of the receipt and disbursement of all funds received by it, pursuant to the federal Older Americans Act, to the Legislature no later than March 1 of each year.
(9) To receive and expend such sums of money as shall be from time to time appropriated for its use by any county or municipality when approved by the council and to act as an agency to receive and expend federal funds for planning.
(10) To act in an advisory capacity to the constituent local governments in regional, metropolitan, county, and municipal planning matters.
(11) To cooperate, in the exercise of its planning functions, with federal and state agencies in planning for emergency management as defined in s. 252.34.
(12) To fix and collect membership dues, rents, or fees when appropriate.
(13) To acquire, own, hold in custody, operate, maintain, lease, or sell real or personal property.
(14) To dispose of any property acquired through the execution of an interlocal agreement under s. 163.01.
(15) To accept gifts, grants, assistance, funds, or bequests.
(16) To conduct studies of the resources of the region.
(17) To participate with other governmental agencies, educational institutions, and private organizations in the coordination or conduct of its activities.
(18) To select and appoint such advisory bodies as the council may find appropriate for the conduct of its activities.
(19) To enter into contracts to provide, at cost, such services related to its responsibilities as may be requested by local governments within the region and which the council finds feasible to perform.
(20) To provide technical assistance to local governments on growth management matters.
(21) To perform a coordinating function among other regional entities relating to preparation and assurance of regular review of the strategic regional policy plan, with the entities to be coordinated determined by the topics addressed in the strategic regional policy plan.
(22) To coordinate land development and transportation policies in a manner that fosters regionwide transportation systems.
(23) To review plans of independent transportation authorities and metropolitan planning organizations to identify inconsistencies between those agencies’ plans and applicable local government plans.
(24) To use personnel, consultants, or technical or professional assistants of the council to help local governments within the geographic area covered by the council conduct economic development activities.
(25) To provide consulting services to a private developer or landowner for a project, if not serving in a review capacity in the future, except that statutorily mandated services may be provided by the regional planning council regardless of its review role.
History.—s. 2, ch. 59-369; ss. 17, 35, ch. 69-106; s. 1, ch. 73-283; ss. 3, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 8, ch. 81-167; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 8, ch. 83-55; s. 4, ch. 83-334; s. 12, ch. 84-257; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 30, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 959, ch. 95-147; s. 15, ch. 95-196; s. 71, ch. 99-2; s. 93, ch. 99-251; s. 63, ch. 2011-142; s. 13, ch. 2012-99; s. 10, ch. 2015-30.
Note.—Former s. 160.02.
186.506 Executive Office of the Governor; powers and duties.—The Executive Office of the Governor, or its designee, shall:
(1) Arbitrate and settle disputes between regional planning councils.
(2) Provide assistance to local general-purpose governments concerning organization of, or reorganization into, a regional planning council.
(3) Review, modify, reject, or approve those rules of the regional planning councils which pertain to the functions designated to the regional planning councils by the state. These rules shall be submitted to the Governor or his or her designee and, if not acted upon within 30 days of receipt, they will be assumed to be in force.
(4) Conduct an in-depth analysis of the current boundaries of comprehensive planning districts to ensure that the regional planning councils working within them together form a workable system for effective regional planning, and that each council can adequately perform the tasks assigned to it by law. The Executive Office of the Governor shall include in its study the preferences of local general-purpose governments; the effects of population migration, transportation networks, population increases and decreases, economic development centers, trade areas, natural resource systems, federal program requirements, designated air quality nonattainment areas, economic relationships among cities and counties, and media markets; and other data, projections, or studies that it determines to be of significance in establishing district boundaries. The Executive Office of the Governor may make such changes in the district boundaries as are found to be feasible and desirable, shall complete a review of existing boundaries by January 1, 1994, and may revise and update the boundaries from time to time thereafter.
History.—ss. 3, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 31, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 960, ch. 95-147.
Note.—Former s. 160.05.
186.507 Strategic regional policy plans.—
(1) A strategic regional policy plan shall contain regional goals and policies that shall address affordable housing, economic development, emergency preparedness, natural resources of regional significance, and regional transportation, and that may address any other subject which relates to the particular needs and circumstances of the comprehensive planning district as determined by the regional planning council. Regional plans shall identify and address significant regional resources and facilities. Regional plans shall be consistent with the state comprehensive plan.
(2) The Executive Office of the Governor may adopt by rule minimum criteria to be addressed in each strategic regional policy plan and a uniform format for each plan. Such criteria must emphasize the requirement that each regional planning council, when preparing and adopting a strategic regional policy plan, must focus on regional rather than local resources and facilities.
(3) In preparing the strategic regional policy plan, the regional planning council shall seek the full cooperation and assistance of local governments to identify key regional resources and facilities and shall document present conditions and trends with respect to the policy areas addressed; forecast future conditions and trends based on expected growth patterns of the region; and analyze the problems, needs, and opportunities associated with growth and development in the region, especially as those problems, needs, and opportunities relate to the subject areas addressed in the strategic regional policy plan.
(4) The regional goals and policies shall be used to develop a coordinated program of regional actions directed at resolving the identified problems and needs.
(5) The council shall give consideration to existing state, regional, and local plans in accomplishing the purposes of this section.
(6) The draft regional plan shall be circulated to all local governments in the region, and the local governments shall be afforded a reasonable opportunity to comment on the regional plan.
(7) The council shall provide for adequate input by citizens into the regional planning process.
(8) Upon adoption, a strategic regional policy plan shall provide, in addition to other criteria established by law, the basis for regional review of developments of regional impact, regional review of federally assisted projects, and other regional comment functions.
(9) Regional planning councils shall consider, and make accessible to the public, appropriate data and studies, including development-of-regional-impact applications and agency reports, in order to assist participants in the development-of-regional-impact review process. A major objective of the regional planning process shall be to coordinate with the state land planning agency in order to achieve uniformity and consistency in land use information and data collection efforts in this state and provide a usable and accessible database to local governments and the private sector.
(10) Each regional planning council shall enter into a memorandum of agreement with each local health council in its comprehensive planning district to ensure the coordination of health planning, if the regional planning council elects to address health issues in its strategic regional policy plan. The memorandum of agreement shall specify the manner in which each regional planning council and local health council will coordinate their activities.
(11) All natural resources of regional significance identified in the strategic regional policy plan shall be identified by a specific geographic location and not solely by generic type.
(12) In addressing regional transportation, the council may recommend minimum density guidelines for development along designated public transportation corridors and identify investment strategies for providing transportation infrastructure where growth is desired, rather than focusing primarily on relieving congestion in areas where growth is discouraged.
(13) Standards included in strategic regional policy plans may be used for planning purposes only and not for permitting or regulatory purposes. However, a regional planning council may not adopt a planning standard that differs materially from a planning standard adopted by rule by a state or regional agency, when such rule expressly states the planning standard is intended to preempt action by the regional planning council. The absence of a planning standard for a particular issue on the part of a state or other regional agency shall not be deemed to create a material difference from a planning standard adopted by a regional planning council. Planning standards may be used as a basis for comments on federal consistency and clearinghouse reviews. However, any inconsistency between a local plan or plan amendment and a strategic regional policy plan must not be the sole basis for a notice of intent to find a local plan or plan amendment not in compliance with this act.
(14) A regional planning council may not, in its strategic regional policy plan or by any other means, establish binding level-of-service standards for public facilities and services provided or regulated by local governments. This limitation shall not be construed to limit the authority of regional planning councils to propose objections, recommendations, or comments on local plans or plan amendments.
(15) A strategic regional policy plan or any amendment thereto shall be adopted by rule by a two-thirds vote of the membership of the governing body of a regional planning council present at a duly noticed meeting constituting a quorum; however, no strategic regional policy plan or amendment thereto shall be adopted by less than the majority of the members of the governing body.
(16) In formulating regional policies, the regional planning council shall consider existing requirements in other planning and regulatory programs.
(17) Each regional planning council, in its strategic regional policy plan, may recommend specific locations or activities in which a project, due to character or location, should be a development of regional impact within that comprehensive planning district.
History.—ss. 3, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 13, ch. 84-257; s. 100, ch. 91-282; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 32, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 8, ch. 95-322; s. 21, ch. 98-176.
Note.—Former s. 160.07.
186.508 Strategic regional policy plan adoption; consistency with state comprehensive plan.—
(1) Each regional planning council shall submit to the Executive Office of the Governor its proposed strategic regional policy plan on a schedule established by the Executive Office of the Governor to coordinate implementation of the strategic regional policy plans with the evaluation and appraisal process required by s. 163.3191. The Executive Office of the Governor, or its designee, shall review the proposed strategic regional policy plan to ensure consistency with the adopted state comprehensive plan and shall, within 60 days, provide any recommended revisions. The Governor’s recommended revisions shall be included in the plans in a comment section. However, nothing in this section precludes a regional planning council from adopting or rejecting any or all of the revisions as a part of its plan before the effective date of the plan. The rules adopting the strategic regional policy plan are not subject to rule challenge under s. 120.56(2) or to drawout proceedings under s. 120.54(3)(c)2., but, once adopted, are subject to an invalidity challenge under s. 120.56(3) by substantially affected persons, including the Executive Office of the Governor. The rules shall be adopted by the regional planning councils, and become effective upon filing with the Department of State, notwithstanding the provisions of s. 120.54(3)(e)6.
(2) If a local government within the jurisdiction of a regional planning council challenges a portion of the council’s regional policy plan pursuant to s. 120.56, the applicable portion of that local government’s comprehensive plan shall not be required to be consistent with the challenged portion of the regional policy plan until 12 months after the challenge has been resolved by an administrative law judge.
(3) All amendments to the adopted regional policy plan shall be subject to all challenges pursuant to chapter 120.
History.—s. 14, ch. 84-257; s. 23, ch. 85-55; s. 13, ch. 86-191; s. 101, ch. 91-282; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 34, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 31, ch. 96-410; s. 14, ch. 97-79; s. 22, ch. 98-176; s. 14, ch. 2012-99.
186.509 Dispute resolution process.—Each regional planning council shall establish by rule a dispute resolution process to reconcile differences on planning and growth management issues between local governments, regional agencies, and private interests. The dispute resolution process shall, within a reasonable set of timeframes, provide for: voluntary meetings among the disputing parties; if those meetings fail to resolve the dispute, initiation of mandatory mediation or a similar process; if that process fails, initiation of arbitration or administrative or judicial action, where appropriate. The council shall not utilize the dispute resolution process to address disputes involving environmental permits or other regulatory matters unless requested to do so by the parties. The resolution of any issue through the dispute resolution process shall not alter any person’s right to a judicial determination of any issue if that person is entitled to such a determination under statutory or common law.
History.—s. 15, ch. 84-257; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 35, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 11, ch. 2009-96; s. 10, ch. 2011-14.
186.511 Evaluation of strategic regional policy plan; changes in plan.—The regional planning process shall be a continuous and ongoing process. Each regional planning council shall prepare an evaluation and appraisal report on its strategic regional policy plan at least once every 5 years; assess the successes or failures of the plan; address changes to the state comprehensive plan; and prepare and adopt by rule amendments, revisions, or updates to the plan as needed. Each regional planning council shall involve the appropriate local health councils in its region if the regional planning council elects to address regional health issues. The evaluation and appraisal report shall be prepared and submitted for review on a schedule established by the Executive Office of the Governor. The schedule shall facilitate and be coordinated with, to the maximum extent feasible, the evaluation and revision of local comprehensive plans pursuant to s. 163.3191 for the local governments within each comprehensive planning district.
History.—s. 16, ch. 84-257; s. 14, ch. 86-191; s. 102, ch. 91-282; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 37, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 23, ch. 98-176.
186.512 Designation of regional planning councils.— (1) The territorial area of the state is subdivided into the following districts for the purpose of regional comprehensive planning. The name and geographic area of each respective district must accord with the following:
(a) West Florida Regional Planning Council: Bay, Escambia, Holmes, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Walton, and Washington Counties.
(b) Apalachee Regional Planning Council: Calhoun, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, and Wakulla Counties.
(c) North Central Florida Regional Planning Council: Alachua, Bradford, Columbia, Dixie, Gilchrist, Hamilton, Lafayette, Levy, Madison, Marion, Suwannee, Taylor, and Union Counties.
(d) Northeast Florida Regional Planning Council: Baker, Clay, Duval, Flagler, Nassau, Putnam, and St. Johns Counties.
(e) East Central Florida Regional Planning Council: Brevard, Lake, Orange, Osceola, Seminole, Sumter, and Volusia Counties.
(f) Central Florida Regional Planning Council: DeSoto, Hardee, Highlands, Okeechobee, and Polk Counties.
(g) Tampa Bay Regional Planning Council: Citrus, Hernando, Hillsborough, Manatee, Pasco, and Pinellas Counties.
(h) Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council: Charlotte, Collier, Glades, Hendry, Lee, and Sarasota Counties.
(i) Treasure Coast Regional Planning Council: Indian River, Martin, Palm Beach, and St. Lucie Counties.
(j) South Florida Regional Planning Council: Broward, Miami-Dade, and Monroe Counties.
(2) Beginning January 1, 2016, and thereafter, the Governor may review and update the district boundaries of the regional planning councils pursuant to his authority under s. 186.506(4).
(3) For the purposes of transition from one regional planning council to another, the successor regional planning council shall apply the prior strategic regional policy plan to a local government until such time as the successor regional planning council amends its plan pursuant to this chapter to include the affected local government within the new region.
History.—s. 11, ch. 2015-30.
186.513 Reports.—Each regional planning council shall prepare and furnish an annual report on its activities to the state land planning agency as defined in s. 163.3164 and the local general-purpose governments within its boundaries and, upon payment as may be established by the council, to any interested person.
History.—ss. 3, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 1, ch. 92-182; s. 38, ch. 93-206; s. 4, ch. 2006-268; s. 36, ch. 2011-139; s. 12, ch. 2015-30.
Note.—Former s. 160.08.
186.515 Creation of regional planning councils under chapter 163.—Nothing in ss. 186.501-186.507, 186.513, and this section is intended to repeal or limit the provisions of chapter 163; however, the local general-purpose governments serving as voting members of the governing body of a regional planning council created pursuant to ss. 186.501-186.507, 186.513, and this section are not authorized to create a regional planning council pursuant to chapter 163 unless an agency, other than a regional planning council created pursuant to ss. 186.501-186.507, 186.513, and this section, is designated to exercise the powers and duties in any one or more of ss. 163.3164 and 380.031(15); in which case, such a regional planning council is also without authority to exercise the powers and duties in s. 163.3164 or s. 380.031(15).
History.—ss. 4, 5, ch. 80-315; s. 4, ch. 82-46; s. 44, ch. 91-45; s. 1, ch. 92-182; ss. 3, 38, ch. 93-206; s. 37, ch. 2011-139.
Note.—Former s. 160.09.
186.801 Ten-year site plans.—
(1) Each electric utility shall submit to the Public Service Commission a 10-year site plan which shall estimate its power-generating needs and the general location of its proposed power plant sites. The 10-year plan shall be reviewed and submitted not less frequently than every 2 years.
(2) Within 9 months after the receipt of the proposed plan, the commission shall make a preliminary study of such plan and classify it as “suitable” or “unsuitable.” The commission may suggest alternatives to the plan. All findings of the commission shall be made available to the Department of Environmental Protection for its consideration at any subsequent electrical power plant site certification proceedings. It is recognized that 10-year site plans submitted by an electric utility are tentative information for planning purposes only and may be amended at any time at the discretion of the utility upon written notification to the commission. A complete application for certification of an electrical power plant site under chapter 403, when such site is not designated in the current 10-year site plan of the applicant, shall constitute an amendment to the 10-year site plan. In its preliminary study of each 10-year site plan, the commission shall consider such plan as a planning document and shall review:
(a) The need, including the need as determined by the commission, for electrical power in the area to be served.
(b) The effect on fuel diversity within the state.
(c) The anticipated environmental impact of each proposed electrical power plant site.
(d) Possible alternatives to the proposed plan.
(e) The views of appropriate local, state, and federal agencies, including the views of the appropriate water management district as to the availability of water and its recommendation as to the use by the proposed plant of salt water or fresh water for cooling purposes.
(f) The extent to which the plan is consistent with the state comprehensive plan.
(g) The plan with respect to the information of the state on energy availability and consumption.
(h) The amount of renewable energy resources the utility produces or purchases.
(i) The amount of renewable energy resources the utility plans to produce or purchase over the 10-year planning horizon and the means by which the production or purchases will be achieved.
(j) A statement describing how the production and purchase of renewable energy resources impact the utility’s present and future capacity and energy needs.
(3) In order to enable it to carry out its duties under this section, the commission may, after hearing, establish a study fee which shall not exceed $1,000 for each proposed plan studied.
(4) The commission may adopt rules governing the method of submitting, processing, and studying the 10-year plans as required by this section.
History.—s. 1, ch 73-33; s. 2, ch. 76-76; s. 77, ch. 79-190; s. 2, ch. 81-167; s. 3, ch. 83-55; s. 41, ch. 94-356; s. 2, ch. 95-328; s. 15, ch. 2006-230; s. 2, ch. 2012-117; s. 32, ch. 2020-2.
Note.—Former ss. 403.505, 23.0191.
186.803 Use of geographic information by governmental entities.—When state agencies, water management districts, regional planning councils, local governments, and other governmental entities use maps, including geographic information maps and other graphic information materials, as the source of data for planning or any other purposes, they must take into account that the accuracy and reliability of such maps and data may be limited by various factors, including the scale of the maps, the timeliness and accuracy of the underlying information, the availability of more accurate site-specific information, and the presence or absence of ground truthing or peer review of the underlying information contained in such maps and other graphic information. This section does not apply to maps adopted pursuant to part II of chapter 163.
History.—s. 9, ch. 96-416.
186.901 Population census determination.—
(1) The Office of Economic and Demographic Research shall annually provide to the Executive Office of the Governor population estimates of local governmental units as of April 1 of each year, utilizing accepted statistical practices. The population of local governments provided by the Office of Economic and Demographic Research shall apply to any revenue-sharing formula with local governments under the provisions of ss. 218.20-218.26, part II of chapter 218. The Office of Economic and Demographic Research shall additionally provide the Executive Office of the Governor population estimates for municipal annexations or consolidations occurring during the period April 1 through February 28, and the Executive Office of the Governor shall include these estimates in its certification to the Department of Revenue for the annual revenue-sharing calculation.
(2)(a) Population shall be computed as the number of residents, employing the same general guidelines used by the United States Bureau of the Census.
(b) For the purpose of revenue-sharing distribution formulas and distribution proportions for the local government half-cent sales tax, inmates and patients residing in institutions operated by the Federal Government, the Department of Corrections, the Department of Health, or the Department of Children and Families shall not be considered to be residents of the governmental unit in which the institutions are located.
(c) Nothing herein shall be construed to prohibit the separate determination of any categories of persons, whether resident or nonresident.
(3) In cases of annexation or consolidation, local governments shall be required to submit to the Executive Office of the Governor, within 30 days following annexation or consolidation, a statement as to the population census effect of the action.
(4) Estimates of inmates and patients pursuant to paragraph (2)(b) shall be separately stated in population reports issued pursuant to this section.
History.—s. 3, ch. 72-360; s. 1, ch. 75-93; s. 1, ch. 77-174; s. 1, ch. 78-209; s. 76, ch. 79-190; s. 11, ch. 82-154; s. 2, ch. 83-299; s. 16, ch. 99-8; s. 44, ch. 2000-371; s. 40, ch. 2014-19.
Note.—Former s. 23.019.