2005 Florida Statutes
Criminal Punishment Code; worksheet computations; scoresheets.
1921.0024 Criminal Punishment Code; worksheet computations; scoresheets.--
(1)(a) The Criminal Punishment Code worksheet is used to compute the subtotal and total sentence points as follows:
Primary Offense + Additional Offenses + Victim Injury =
TOTAL OFFENSE SCORE
TOTAL PRIOR RECORD SCORE
COMMUNITY SANCTION VIOLATION
PRIOR SERIOUS FELONY
PRIOR CAPITAL FELONY
FIREARM OR SEMIAUTOMATIC WEAPON
PRISON RELEASEE REOFFENDER (no)(yes)
VIOLENT CAREER CRIMINAL (no)(yes)
HABITUAL VIOLENT OFFENDER (no)(yes)
HABITUAL OFFENDER (no)(yes)
DRUG TRAFFICKER (no)(yes) (x multiplier)
LAW ENF. PROTECT. (no)(yes) (x multiplier)
MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT (no)(yes) (x multiplier)
CRIMINAL STREET GANG OFFENSE (no)(yes) (x multiplier)
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN THE PRESENCE OF RELATED CHILD (no)(yes) (x multiplier)
TOTAL SENTENCE POINTS__________
Legal status points are assessed when any form of legal status existed at the time the offender committed an offense before the court for sentencing. Four (4) sentence points are assessed for an offender's legal status.
Community sanction violation points are assessed when a community sanction violation is before the court for sentencing. Six (6) sentence points are assessed for each community sanction violation, and each successive community sanction violation; however, if the community sanction violation includes a new felony conviction before the sentencing court, twelve (12) community sanction violation points are assessed for such violation, and for each successive community sanction violation involving a new felony conviction. Multiple counts of community sanction violations before the sentencing court shall not be a basis for multiplying the assessment of community sanction violation points.
Prior serious felony points: If the offender has a primary offense or any additional offense ranked in level 8, level 9, or level 10, and one or more prior serious felonies, a single assessment of 30 points shall be added. For purposes of this section, a prior serious felony is an offense in the offender's prior record that is ranked in level 8, level 9, or level 10 under s. 921.0022 or s. 921.0023 and for which the offender is serving a sentence of confinement, supervision, or other sanction or for which the offender's date of release from confinement, supervision, or other sanction, whichever is later, is within 3 years before the date the primary offense or any additional offense was committed.
Prior capital felony points: If the offender has one or more prior capital felonies in the offender's criminal record, points shall be added to the subtotal sentence points of the offender equal to twice the number of points the offender receives for the primary offense and any additional offense. A prior capital felony in the offender's criminal record is a previous capital felony offense for which the offender has entered a plea of nolo contendere or guilty or has been found guilty; or a felony in another jurisdiction which is a capital felony in that jurisdiction, or would be a capital felony if the offense were committed in this state.
Possession of a firearm, semiautomatic firearm, or machine gun: If the offender is convicted of committing or attempting to commit any felony other than those enumerated in s. 775.087(2) while having in his or her possession: a firearm as defined in s. 790.001(6), an additional 18 sentence points are assessed; or if the offender is convicted of committing or attempting to commit any felony other than those enumerated in s. 775.087(3) while having in his or her possession a semiautomatic firearm as defined in s. 775.087(3) or a machine gun as defined in s. 790.001(9), an additional 25 sentence points are assessed.
Drug trafficking: If the primary offense is drug trafficking under s. 893.135, the subtotal sentence points are multiplied, at the discretion of the court, for a level 7 or level 8 offense, by 1.5. The state attorney may move the sentencing court to reduce or suspend the sentence of a person convicted of a level 7 or level 8 offense, if the offender provides substantial assistance as described in s. 893.135(4).
Law enforcement protection: If the primary offense is a violation of the Law Enforcement Protection Act under s. 775.0823(2), the subtotal sentence points are multiplied by 2.5. If the primary offense is a violation of s. 775.0823(3), (4), (5), (6), (7), or (8), the subtotal sentence points are multiplied by 2.0. If the primary offense is a violation of s. 784.07(3) or s. 775.0875(1), or of the Law Enforcement Protection Act under s. 775.0823(9) or (10), the subtotal sentence points are multiplied by 1.5.
Grand theft of a motor vehicle: If the primary offense is grand theft of the third degree involving a motor vehicle and in the offender's prior record, there are three or more grand thefts of the third degree involving a motor vehicle, the subtotal sentence points are multiplied by 1.5.
Offense related to a criminal street gang: If the offender is convicted of the primary offense and committed that offense for the purpose of benefiting, promoting, or furthering the interests of a criminal street gang as prohibited under s. 874.04, the subtotal sentence points are multiplied by 1.5.
Domestic violence in the presence of a child: If the offender is convicted of the primary offense and the primary offense is a crime of domestic violence, as defined in s. 741.28, which was committed in the presence of a child under 16 years of age who is a family or household member as defined in s. 741.28(3) with the victim or perpetrator, the subtotal sentence points are multiplied by 1.5.
(2) The lowest permissible sentence is the minimum sentence that may be imposed by the trial court, absent a valid reason for departure. The lowest permissible sentence is any nonstate prison sanction in which the total sentence points equals or is less than 44 points, unless the court determines within its discretion that a prison sentence, which may be up to the statutory maximums for the offenses committed, is appropriate. When the total sentence points exceeds 44 points, the lowest permissible sentence in prison months shall be calculated by subtracting 28 points from the total sentence points and decreasing the remaining total by 25 percent. The total sentence points shall be calculated only as a means of determining the lowest permissible sentence. The permissible range for sentencing shall be the lowest permissible sentence up to and including the statutory maximum, as defined in s. 775.082, for the primary offense and any additional offenses before the court for sentencing. The sentencing court may impose such sentences concurrently or consecutively. However, any sentence to state prison must exceed 1 year. If the lowest permissible sentence under the code exceeds the statutory maximum sentence as provided in s. 775.082, the sentence required by the code must be imposed. If the total sentence points are greater than or equal to 363, the court may sentence the offender to life imprisonment. An offender sentenced to life imprisonment under this section is not eligible for any form of discretionary early release, except executive clemency or conditional medical release under s. 947.149
(3) A single scoresheet shall be prepared for each defendant to determine the permissible range for the sentence that the court may impose, except that if the defendant is before the court for sentencing for more than one felony and the felonies were committed under more than one version or revision of the guidelines or the code, separate scoresheets must be prepared. The scoresheet or scoresheets must cover all the defendant's offenses pending before the court for sentencing. The state attorney shall prepare the scoresheet or scoresheets, which must be presented to the defense counsel for review for accuracy in all cases unless the judge directs otherwise. The defendant's scoresheet or scoresheets must be approved and signed by the sentencing judge.
(4) The Department of Corrections, in consultation with the Office of the State Courts Administrator, state attorneys, and public defenders, must develop and submit the revised Criminal Punishment Code scoresheet to the Supreme Court for approval by June 15 of each year, as necessary. Upon the Supreme Court's approval of the revised scoresheet, the Department of Corrections shall produce and provide sufficient copies of the revised scoresheets by September 30 of each year, as necessary. Scoresheets must include item entries for the scoresheet preparer's use in indicating whether any prison sentence imposed includes a mandatory minimum sentence or the sentence imposed was a downward departure from the lowest permissible sentence under the Criminal Punishment Code.
(5) The Department of Corrections shall distribute sufficient copies of the Criminal Punishment Code scoresheets to those persons charged with the responsibility for preparing scoresheets.
(6) The clerk of the circuit court shall transmit a complete, accurate, and legible copy of the Criminal Punishment Code scoresheet used in each sentencing proceeding to the Department of Corrections. Scoresheets must be transmitted no less frequently than monthly, by the first of each month, and may be sent collectively.
(7) A sentencing scoresheet must be prepared for every defendant who is sentenced for a felony offense. A copy of the individual offender's Criminal Punishment Code scoresheet and any attachments thereto prepared pursuant to Rule 3.701, Rule 3.702, or Rule 3.703, Florida Rules of Criminal Procedure, or any other rule pertaining to the preparation and submission of felony sentencing scoresheets, must be attached to the copy of the uniform judgment and sentence form provided to the Department of Corrections.
History.--s. 7, ch. 97-194; s. 6, ch. 98-204; s. 111, ch. 99-3; s. 57, ch. 99-7; s. 3, ch. 99-12; s. 10, ch. 99-188; s. 56, ch. 99-193; s. 25, ch. 2000-320; s. 2, ch. 2001-126; s. 4, ch. 2001-183; s. 1, ch. 2002-212; s. 163, ch. 2004-5; s. 18, ch. 2005-128.
1Note.--Section 25, ch. 2005-128, provides that "[t]his act shall take effect July 1, 2005, and shall apply to offenses committed on or after that date."